Hitopadesha Tales In Hindi - The Hitopadesha are among the oldest collections of stories teaching young minds about philosophies of life in a simple and. Download Hitopadesha apk for Android. Hitopadesha Tales for Kids in Four Different Languages. The Hitopadesha: A Collection of Fables and Tales in Sanskrit by Vishnusarmá 7 Favorites. DOWNLOAD OPTIONS. download 1 file.
|Language:||English, German, Portuguese|
|ePub File Size:||23.80 MB|
|PDF File Size:||17.52 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
The Hitopadesha is a remarkable compilation of short stories. Composed by Narayana Pandit, Hitopadesha had its origin around a thousand years ago. English Short Stories» Sanskrit Scripts» Original Pictures. The most notable of them being the Hitopadesha by Narayana, Durgasimha's Kannada translation. *3 -- The Story of the Vulture, the Cat, and the Birds* *4 -- The Story of the Dead Game and the Jackal* *6 -- The Story of the Old Jackal and the Elephant*.
Each of the five parts revolve around a frame story, which further contain "emboxed" stories, sometime three to four levels deep. These emboxed stories snap from each other, unexpectedly and irregularly at times, to sustain attention: Tales of Panchatantra Once upon a time, sitting by the fireside, man told his first story, and built the foundations of his own rule over his world.
Stories gave the world shape. They established orders and challenged them, showed man the road to the future and helped him unravel the labyrinths of the past. Through stories, man trapped the world around him, and bent it to his will. Man knew Stories were what made man realize that there was more to life than mere existence. There was something to look up to, something to aim for, somewhere to go This book of five volumes, has travelled and been translated all over the world, primarily because of the witty moral values of the short stories and elegant representation of framed-stories.
Despite the fact that the original work is long lost, the texts in Sanskrit scriptures are available here: India, with its ancient traditions, is one of the oldest, wisest and most enlightened nations in the world. Almost everyone in modern educated world is aware of the 'Upanishads', 'Vedas', and even 'Yoga'. There is no doubt that Ancient India has exercised great intellectual life, and has dazzled with fabulous antiquity, and with its literature.
The Panchatantra is a unique contribution of Ancient India to the world, particularly to the world literature, that has equally delighted the young and the old, educated and uneducated, rich and poor, high and low - for over two thousand years. It has triumphed over the greatest obstacles of language, custom and religion, and made an unparallel progress from its native land to all the civilized parts of the globe - as it continues to delight everyone to this very day.
This Indian collection of fables, reveals the basic knowledge of wisdom that makes one's life "richer, happier, and fuller". Because of its elegant style in which it packages the wisdom of the ages, it has the most profound influence on the world literature - amongst all works of Indian literature.
Panchatantra has served as a source, directly or indirectly, for many works of modern literature, which can be traced to Geoffrey Chaucer, John Gower, Giovanni Boccaccio and even William Shakespeare's works.
Most people in modern world may not have heard of the Panchatantra. But anyone with any claim to literary education would be familiar to commonly used titles like 'Fables of Bidpai' or the 'Tales of Kalila and Dimna' - which are merely translations or adaptations of Panchatantra. A cunning crow and a stupid quail A jackal who fell into an indigo vet Two swans and a tortoise The three fishes A foolish heron, a black serpent and a mongoose. A sage and a mouse Greedy crane and a clever crab A Brahmin and three rogues A Lion, A crow, a tiger, a jackal and a camel A wicked snake and the stupid king of frogs The hasty Brahmin and a faithful mongoose Introduction Hitopadesha is a collection of Sanskrit fables in prose and verse written in the 12 century C.
The author of the tales is said to be Narayan, a pandit who worked in the court of King Dhavalachandra and was a shaivite. The work has been translated into most of the major languages of the world. After Sir William Jones, who had encountered it in , announced his "discovery", it was translated into English by Charles Wilkins, who had made the earliest English translation of the Bhagavad Gita.
It basically means to counsel or advice with benevolence. The author of Hitopadesha, Narayana says that the main purpose of creating the Hitopadesha is to instruct young minds in a way that they learn the philosophy of life and are able to grow into responsible adults. The stories are very interesting and youngsters not only find it interesting, but also accept it easily. One of the most widely read Sanskrit books in India, Hitopadesha tales are short stories that have the priceless treasure of morality and knowledge.
After Bhagavad Gita, Hitopadesha is considered to be the most sold religious text in India. The tales from Hitopadesha are written in a very logical and clear way and one does not have to make much effort to figure out what moral a particular story is implying.
The stories feature animals and birds as main characters. The Hitopadesha has been translated into many languages and has been circulated all around the world. It is very popular in many countries and is one of the most widely read children's book. Even in today's world, it continues to amaze people with its simple but meaningful stories and many people are still inspired by the tales of Hitopadesha.
Its simplicity and logic is what makes it a favorite among children and their parents. A Hunter, Trapped Doves and A Mouse On the banks of the river Godavari, there was a large silk cotton tree where resided a huge fleet of doves with their king. Thus thinking he hit upon a plan and left. The other day he came with some grains of rice, scattered them on the ground and then spread out his net over the grains. Having had done this, he hid himself behind the tree.
Just then, the king of doves with his courtiers was flying around in search of food. He saw the grains of rice and said to his followers, "How strange! Grains of rice in an uninhabited forest? Let's see what this is all about. I smell a rat! In a trice, they were all caught in the net. A terrific commotion broke out amongst the trapped doves.
Then the king cried out, "Friends, we are in great danger. Unless we pull ourselves together immediately and think of a way to get out, there's no doubt that we shall all be dead. Now I propose that we all catch hold of the net at the same time and fly upwards together.
They caught hold of the net and together flew away with it. When the hunter saw this, he was spellbound and didn't know what to do. But he soon came to himself and began to run after them, thinking, "These birds have managed the escape because they are united. But when they come down, I'll have them in my power! They then asked their king," What shall we do now?
We'll go to him. I know he will find a way to free us! When the mouse saw the birds flying down towards him, he got frightened and ran inside his hole at the root of a tree. But the king of doves called out, "My friend! Don't you know me? Come and set us free. The king of doves told him all that had happened and the mouse immediately started nibbling at the strings of the net and set the birds free.
Moral: A friend in need is a friend indeed. An Old Tiger and A Greedy Traveller Once upon a time, there was a tiger who grew so old that he could hardly go about hunting. So he thought of a plan. One fine morning, he stood in a lake and holding a blade of holy Kusha grass in one paw and a gold bracelet in the other, shouted out, "Here you are, Ladies and Gentlemen!
A gold bracelet! Yours for the asking. He stopped and said to himself, "This looks like a piece of good luck. However, when there is a risk involved, one must play it safe. So I'll be wary. My wife and children died because of my evil deeds. Then I consulted a holy man who advised me to give alms. So now I take a bath and give things for the sake of charity. Besides, I've gone old. My teeth and claws have fallen off. So what have you to fear from me?
When the tiger saw this, he comforted him. Don't worry. I'll help you," he said, and slowly waded towards the traveller and seized him. As he was being dragged out, onto the bank, the poor man gasped, "Ah!
This Villain's talk of holiness completely took me in. A rascal is always a rascal. Like a fool I believed him and now I must pay for it. Moral: One's nature never changes.
They were great friends. The deer had grown plump and roamed about the forest without a care in the world. One day, a jackal caught sight of the plump little deer. Well, to begin with, I'II try to win his confidence. I have no friends. Now that I've met you, I'd like to be your pal and will do anything you say to please you. Afterwards, when the sun had set, the two walked to the deer's home. The deer's friend, the crow, lived nearby on the branch of a tree.
When he saw the jackal, he called out. He wants to be friends with us and so he has come along with me," said the deer. How can you invite him to stay with you without knowing all that? Then how is it that you are such great friends today? You can only know a friend from an enemy by the way he behaves. In this way, some time went by. One day, the jackal took the deer aside and said to him, "Friend!
In another part of the forest, there's a field full of corn. I'II takes you there and shows it to you. The deer began to go there every day and eat to his heart's content. When the owner of the field noticed that someone was eating his corn, he set a trap and the deer was caught. I must now count on my friend He will surely free me from this trap," the deer thought to himself.
Meanwhile, the jackal arrived on the scene and thought to himself, "This is what I have been waiting for. When he is killed by the owner of the field, his flesh will last me many, many days. Please help me out! Only a friend like you can save me from such a dreadful plight!
Please don't misunderstand me! I will bite it off first thing tomorrow morning! He set out looking for him until he reached the corn field. Suddenly he spotted him. What has happened to you? And then he told the crow how the jackal had shown the corn field to him to get him trapped. Then the crow sighed and shouted, "Jackal!
What have you done? How could you trick someone who trusted you? The crow decided to stay on to keep his friend company. In the morning, the farmer returned with a stick in his hand. When the crow saw him coming, he said to the deer, "Quick! Do as I tell you! Lie still without moving and pretend to be dead. When I caw, jump up and run for your life.
When the farmer came very close to the deer, his face lit up with joy and said to himself," How nice! The deer is already dead.
At this moment, the crow signaled to the deer who jumped up and ran away as fast as he could. The farmer taken by surprise, immediately aimed the stick at the deer but missed him. Instead, it hit the jackal who was hiding close by and killed him on the spot.
Moral: It is better to have an open enemy than a false friend. At the foot of the hill, there grew a tree and in the hollow of this tree, lived a blind old vulture. Many other birds lived in the same tree and out of kindness shared their food with the vulture. In return, he looked after their young whilst they were away.
Tales of Panchatantra: Wisdom of the Ages
One day, a cat came to the foot of the tree with the hope of catching and eating the baby birds. But when the little birds saw her coming, they raised an alarm. The blind vulture heard them and shouted, "Who's there? I am as good as dead. But I must be brave and face danger. I must try to gain his confidence. I just came to pay my respects, oh wise one," said the cat loudly. But do you kill someone just because he belongs to a particular race?
But tell me why have you come here? I have a bath everyday in the river and I am doing great penance for my sins.
When the birds there came to know about this, they told me, "You must learn more about religion from the old vulture who is famous for his knowledge and wisdom.
That is why I have come to pay my respects to you.
But what do I see? That you're ready to kill me, a poor cat. You should treat me as well as a guest ought to be treated. Even if you haven't any food to offer me, at least say something kind to me. So how can I trust you?
The cat touched the ground and her ears as a mark of her sincerity and said, "I've read all the holy books and learnt that's wrong to kill. The entire forest is full of herbs and vegetables. So why should I sin by killing birds?
As the days passed, the cunning cat started eating the young birds one by one and the vulture did not know what was happening. But the birds saw that their young ones were missing and started looking for them. When the cat saw that her game was up, she quietly slipped away. After a few days, the birds found the bones of their young ones not far away from the tree. Moral: Once a rascal, always a rascal.
He used to support himself by begging for food. He would eat a little and keep the rest in a begging bowl which he used to hang high up on a peg. A mouse who had noticed this, used to jump up and help himself to the food in the begging bowl. One day, a friend of the holy man came to visit him. The holy man welcomed him and offered him food. They then retired to have a heart to heart talk. However the holy man couldn't concentrate on the conversation and kept tapping on the ground with a bamboo stick to scare the mouse away.
The friend noticed this and asked, "What's this you're doing? Why don't you listen to me properly? Every day he eats away whatever food I manage to save. There must be a reason for his achieving such a feat. The mouse must have put aside a lot of food and having so much food, gives him extraordinary energy to jump so high.
When they found it, they dug it up and took it away.
When the mouse returned and found that his hoard of food was missing, he was disheartened. He lost all his enthusiasm so much so that he could not even move about. And so the holy man was free from the trouble of keeping watch over the food he saved in the begging bowl.
Moral: Strike at the source of an enemy's strength to destroy him. One morning, he set out from his house, hoping to hunt down a deer. Luck was on his side and he killed one, slung him over the shoulder and in the evening, started for home.
On the way, he came across a fat pig. When he saw the pig, he quickly dropped the deer on the ground and shot the pig with an arrow. The pig gave a fearful grunt and charged at the hunter with all his might.
He hit him hard in the stomach and killed the hunter instantly. Hurt in the battle, the pig too died. During the fight, a snake who happened to be passing by, was trampled on and crushed to death. Later on, a jackal arrived there looking for food. When he saw the hunter, the pig, the deer and the snake, all lying dead on the ground, he was overjoyed and said to himself, "Ah! What luck! It looks as though I am going to have a feast, but I'II eat only a little at a time so it will last me longer.
Suddenly the string snapped, the bow sprang out and pierced his heart. The jackal was killed on the spot. Moral: One's greed can lead to his destruction An Elephant and An Old Jackal Once upon a time, in a dense jungle, there lived an elephant.
A pack of jackals, passing by in search of food, noticed the elephant. Grant me the honour of your royal glance for a moment. And you, who are gifted with all the qualities of a monarch, have been chosen by us to be our king. Our astrologers have informed us that today is an auspicious day for your crowning.
The day is fast slipping by. So please follow me without delay, for the ceremony. The elephant was flattered by the jackal's talk and greedy for a kingdom, he followed the jackal. The jackal walked across a lake full of mud. The elephant being heavy got stuck in the mud. He tried very hard to get out, but all in vain. I'm sinking deep into mud. I am going to die. Catch hold of my tail and I'll Help you out," said the jackal with a cunning smile. Well, now - pay for it. Quite soon the elephant was dead and he was eaten up by the jackals.
Moral: Look before you leap. While the work was in progress, a carpenter sawed a log in half, put a wedge in between so that it would stay apart and went for lunch. It so happened that a group of wandering monkeys came to this spot and began to play about, on and around the logs. One of the monkeys sat on the half-split log, put both his legs into the gap and tried to pull the wedge out. Suddenly, out came the wedge and the log closed in, trapping the monkey's legs and crushing them.
Moral: It is not wise to poke one's nose into another's affairs.
One night, when he was fast asleep, a thief got into the house to steal anything he could lay hands on. Now, in a corner of the washerman's courtyard, stood his donkey tied to a rope, while his dog sat nearby.
When the donkey saw the thief enter the house, he said to the dog, "Friend! Surely it's your duty to wake the master up!
The description of Hitopadesha Tales
And the master hasn't had to worry about anything. But he hasn't fed me well enough lately, so I'm not bothered about what happens to him. This is the time for action. Do something! Wake up the master! Well, I will do your duty and wake him up. The thief quickly hid himself. The washerman looked around and saw no one. Whenever he went to sleep, a mouse used to come out of his hole and nibble at the lion's mane.
When the lion discovered this, he was furious. But he couldn't do anything about it, for the mouse would run away, the minute the lion got up to catch him and would slip off into his hole. The lion thought the matter over and finally hit upon an idea. He went to the village nearby and brought a cat back with him. He fed her on choicest titbits and let her loose in the cave. When the mouse saw the cat, he was very frightened and would not come out. So the lion was able to sleep in peace.
Whenever he heard the mouse moving around, he gave some food to the cat and then went back to sleep, while the cat stood guard over him.
This went on for some time. Then one day, the mouse was so hungry….. The cat instantly pounced on him and killed him.
When the lion realized that the mouse was killed, he relaxed and stopped feeding the cat. He left her on her own. The poor cat, in due course, grew weaker and finally starved to death. Moral: One is treated nicely as long as one is useful. One day, he stole a temple bell and ran away into the jungle.
A tiger, who heard the sound of the bell, was curious to know where the sound was coming from. When he saw the thief, the tiger pounced upon him and killed him. The bell, fell to the ground. After a few days, a group of monkeys spotted the bell, picked it up and started playing with it. Soon afterwards, the people from the city found the body of the thief and exclaimed, "Surely there is a demon around here who attacks human beings and then rings the bell joyously.
Then a brave and intelligent woman thought to herself, "I'm quite sure it's the monkeys who are ringing that bell. Then she went to the king and said, "Your Majesty! I'm sure this demon can be overpowered by worshipping the Gods. But this will cost money.
The woman made a big show of worshipping the Gods. She drew a circle on the ground, placed some fruits inside it and began to worship the God Ganesha. Then she picked up the fruits and went into the jungle. She kept the fruits under a tree and waited nearby.
The Hitopadesha: A Collection of Fables and Tales in Sanskrit by Vishnusarmá
When the greedy monkeys saw the juicy fruits, they dropped the bell just as she had expected and rushed down to enjoy themselves. She picked up the bell and hastened back to the city. The king was very pleased with her and everyone admired her courage. Moral: intelligence and courage succeed against all odds. A black cobra lived in the hollow of the same tree. Whenever the crows had young birds, he would eat them up. One day, the female crow who was about to get babies, said to her husband, "My dear, please let us go away from here.
I'm certain the black cobra will eat my children again. He is so strong! Every day the king comes to bathe in the lake nearby. He removes his gold necklace and leaves it at the edge of the lake, while he bathes. You must pick up the necklace and drop it in front of the hollow of our tree, where the black cobra lives.
When the servants of the king follow you to recover it, they will certainly see the black cobra and kill him. The king's servants chased the female crow who cleverly dropped the necklace in front of the hollow of the tree.
When the servants arrived at the spot, they saw the black cobra and killed him. Moral: What cannot be achieved by force can be achieved through wisdom. A Lion and A Hare Once upon a time, in a mountain cave, there lived a lion. He killed animals even when he was not hungry. One day, all the animals got together, went up to him and pleaded, "Lord Lion! What is the use of this senseless killing?
If you agree, we will present you with one animal everyday for your food. That's a good idea. One day, it was the turn of an old hare. Much against his will, he walked slowly towards the lion's den. On the way, he thought of plan to kill the lion.
As part of the plan, the hare arrived very late at the lion's den on purpose. On my way here, I was stopped forcibly by another lion who wanted to eat me. He let me go only after I swore that I would go back to him after seeing you.
The hare led the lion to a well and cunningly showed him his own reflection in the water and said, "Master! There, see for yourself! Moral: Brains are mightier than brawn. In due course when the female Tittibha bird was expecting babies, she said to her husband, "My dear, please find me a suitable and quiet place where I can lay my eggs.
This is the right place! Do you think I'm so powerless that the Ocean would dare do such a thing? You should recognize your weakness. You may pay for being so proud. The Ocean was amused to hear their conversation and carried off the eggs at the first opportunity. Our eggs are gone! I'll get them back.When the servants of the king follow you to recover it, they will certainly see the black cobra and kill him.
It so happened that a group of wandering monkeys came to this spot and began to play about, on and around the logs. The washerman looked around and saw no one. Surprised, they began to shout, "What a strange sight! He removes his gold necklace and leaves it at the edge of the lake, while he bathes. The pig gave a fearful grunt and charged at the hunter with all his might.
- INCOSE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING HANDBOOK V3.2 PDF DOWNLOAD
- RAPIDEX ENGLISH SPEAKING COURSE PUNJABI PDF DOWNLOAD
- BRONCONEUMONIA EPUB DOWNLOAD
- SIMMONS GEORGE F.CALCULUS WITH ANALYTIC GEOMETRY.2ND ED DOWNLOAD
- RONDO FOR LIFEY PDF DOWNLOAD
- TENOR MADNESS LEAD SHEET EPUB DOWNLOAD
- CA3086 DATASHEET DOWNLOAD
- BOURDIEU DIE FEINEN UNTERSCHIEDE PDF DOWNLOAD
- NOTING AND DRAFTING PDF
- BANGLA RELIGION BOOK
- CLASS 11TH NCERT PHYSICS BOOK
- SWAMI RANJIT DESAI PDF
- NOVEL REMAJA ISLAM PDF