Selenium 2 Testing Tools: Beginner's Guide Selenium Testing Tools: Beginners Guide · Read more Practical Model-Based Testing: A Tools Approach. Selenium 2 Testing Tools Beginner's Guide. Copyright your book. Did you know that Packt offers eBook versions of every book published, with PDF and ePub. Testing web applications using Selenium is made simple with this tutorial. Written for those with no prior experience, it helps you learn through practical exercises and code samples. The perfect entry point to Selenium 2.
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some overlap–a pentester will still fuzz vulnerabilities (for example, web parameters) and find The Hacker Playbook Absolute Beginner's Guide to Digital. It prvoides you online Testing book - Selenium 2 Testing Tools: Beginners Guide in pdf for free download. Selenium is an open-source tool that is used for test automation. It is licensed under Apache License Selenium ii. Table of Contents. About the Tutorial.
Before you install Selenium IDE, you will need to check that you have all of the required elements, as listed: You can download and install Eclipse from http: Start the Firefox browser and navigate to the Selenium home page at http: On the Download page, go to the Selenium IDE section and click on the version link as shown in the following screenshot. We suggest that you download the most current stable build and as of writing this book the most stable build is 1.
Selenium IDE Version 1. After downloading, Firefox will request your permission to install the add-on. Click on the Allow button as shown in the following screenshot: Firefox will download the add-on and display the Software Installation dialog box as shown in the following screenshot. Click on the Install Now button: Firefox will install the Selenium IDE. Firefox will restart after the add-on is installed.
Selenium IDE will be launched on top of the Firefox window as shown in the following screenshot: And that's it! By this point, you should have a working installation of Selenium IDE, and you should be free to play around and discover more about it. In the next section, you will see the power Selenium IDE has and how useful it is for automating and testing web applications. During the recording, we will add some additional commands to the test and run the recorded test.
At the end of this section, we will show you how to export the recorded test to Selenium WebDriver. A test is a basic building block in Selenium IDE. It contains commands for navigation, test steps, and checks for expected versus the actual state of the application. In this section we will show you how to create your first test and execute this test with Selenium IDE. Step 1 — Recording and adding commands in a test In this section we will show you how to record a test on a demo e-commerce application.
We will test the product search feature of the application using the following steps: Launch the Firefox browser. Open the website for testing in the Firefox browser.
For this example we will use http: Selenium IDE by default sets the recording mode on. If it's not pressed, you can start recording by pressing the record button in the top-right corner. Now switch back to the Firefox browser window and type Nokia in the search textbox and click on the Search button as shown: Check if the link Nokia Phone is present in the search results. Next, we will click on the Nokia Phone link to open the product page and check if the Nokia Phone text is displayed on the product page.
Go back to Selenium IDE. Stop the recording session by clicking on the Recording button: In the Save As dialog box, enter the test case name as SearchTest.
Selenium 2 Testing Tools: Beginner's Guide
The test will be saved with the name SearchTest. You can create and record more than one test case in a test suite. Select the test which you want to execute from the test suite pane and click on the play current test case button. Selenium IDE will start the playback of the test and you can see the steps that we recorded earlier are being played automatically in the browser window.
At end of execution, Selenium IDE will display results as per the following screenshot: All the steps which are successfully completed will be heighted in green and checks in dark green.
If there are any failures in the test, those will be highlighted in red. This is how Selenium IDE helps you testing your web application.
Step 5 — Exporting a recorded test to Selenium WebDriver Selenium IDE is great to start, however, you will need more to build a test automation framework. Complex tests, with conditional statements and logic, parameterization cannot be automated very well using Selenium IDE. In addition to this you might need features such as detailed logging and reporting, error handling particularly unexpected errors, database testing, and integration with other testing tools and frameworks that are not supported by Selenium IDE.
For building a flexible, maintainable, and robust framework, you will need to use Selenium WebDriver. However, when using it for testing and building a test framework, there is much more needed. You will need an integrated development environment IDE to build your test project and inject other dependencies in to the framework.
We will show how to use Eclipse for developing tests with Selenium WebDriver.
Eclipse is a very popular IDE in the Java world. Eclipse provides a feature-rich environment for Selenium WebDriver test development in Java.
Along with Eclipse, Apache Maven also provides support for managing the entire lifecycle of a test project. Maven is used to define project structure, dependencies, build, and test management.
You can use Eclipse and Maven for building your Selenium WebDriver test framework from a single window. Another important benefit of using Maven is that you can get all the Selenium library files and their dependencies by configuring the pom. Maven automatically finds and downloads the dependencies to the project from the Maven central repository while building the project. In this section we will show you how to configure a new Maven project in Eclipse with the following steps: Launch the Eclipse IDE.
Create a new project by selecting File New Other from the Eclipse main menu. On the New dialog, select Maven Maven Project as shown in the following screenshot: Next, the New Maven Project dialog box will be displayed; select the Create a simple project skip archetype selection checkbox and keep everything as default and click on the Next button: On the New Maven Project dialog box, enter com. You can also add a name and description. Keep everything as default and click on the Finish button, as shown in the following screenshot: Eclipse will create the com.
Select pom. This will open the pom.
Select the pom. Add the WebDriver and JUnit dependencies highlighted in the following code to pom. Add the com. Create a new class SearchTest. Copy the entire contents from the Source tab and add it to the SearchTest class: Pattern; import java.
TimeUnit; import org. FirefoxDriver; import org. To run the tests in the Maven lifecycle, select the com. Right-click on the project name and select Run As Maven test. Maven will execute all the tests from the project using Selenium WebDriver with other language bindings. NET bindings You can also use Selenium along with.
For more information, refer to the bonus chapter Integration with other tools from Packt Publishing's Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook at http: In this section, you will learn about the 5 most important Selenium IDE and WebDriver programming features that you will certainly want to know about.
Here, you will learn how to work with running tests on different types of web browsers, locating elements, working with WebElements, synchronization, and capturing screenshots during test runs. You can develop a test on one browser and run it on all the supported browsers as needed.
This feature is essential for cross-browser testing of your web application. You can run tests on combinations of operating systems and web browsers.
We can use the Selenium standalone server to run tests that are created with Selenium IDE on different browsers other than Firefox using the following steps: Download the latest release of Selenium standalone server from http: This command will launch the Selenium standalone server. We used the — htmlSuite option through which we can tell the server to execute the tests created using Selenium IDE. We also specified the browser on which we want to run the tests and the name of the test suite along with the path and name for the output result file.
The server will launch Google Chrome and execute all the tests from the specified test suite. The following list is of the major drivers supported by WebDriver: Firefox For more information on FirefoxDriver, see http: Chrome For more information on ChromeDriver, see http: The driver supports running bit and bit versions of the browser on Windows.
Ie For more information on InternetExplorerDriver, see http: Remote "http: Opera For more information on OperaDriver, see http: This is done by installing and running a iWebDriver app on the iOS device or simulator.
Similar to iPhoneDriver, an Android application running on the device or emulator is used to run the tests. You can use RemoteWebDriver for running your tests in a distributed architecture.
The RemoteWebDriver consists of a client and server. The server is simply a Java Servlet running within the Jetty Servlet container. This servlet interacts with the various browsers. In the beginning of this section we saw selenium-server-standalone, which is the RemoteWebDriver server. We can specify what configuration is needed for testing by using DesiredCapabilities. For example we need to test an application on an iPad, and we can configure the RemoteWebDriver in the following way to run the test: Selenium provides various ways or strategies to locate elements and perform actions such as clicking, typing text, selecting an option from the element, or performing verification on the state or property of the element, such as a text value.
We can also check if the element is enabled or disabled, is checked or unchecked. For locating elements using WebDriver, the driver interface provides the findElement and findElements methods, which take locator expressions and search for the matching element s. IDs are uniquely assigned by developers for key elements on a page.
Selenium 2 Testing Tools: Beginners Guide
This strategy is considered the most reliable and faster. This might be useful when links partially contain dynamic values. CSS 'search' selectors are useful when the above selectors do not work to identify elements uniquely.
We can use this strategy to locate elements. In addition to the aforementioned strategies, Selenium WebDriver supports the following strategies: The following table shows some key commands and API methods for interacting with a page and its elements: For example, it might take a few seconds for the following: The following is a is list of some waitFor commands: Command Condition waitForPageToLoad Delays execution until the page is fully loaded in the browser waitForElementPresent Delays execution until the specified element is present on the page waitForElementNotPresent Delays execution until the specified element is removed from the page waitForTextPresent Delays execution until the specified text is present on the page waitForFrameToLoad Delays execution until the contents of the frame are fully loaded in the browser waitForAlertPresent Delays execution until an alert window is displayed on the page A number of these commands are run implicitly when other commands are being executed.
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Title added to cart. Subscription About Subscription Pricing Login. Features Free Trial. Search for eBooks and Videos. Selenium 2 Testing Tools: Beginner's Guide. Beginner's Guide Testing web applications using Selenium is made simple with this tutorial. Written for those with no prior experience, it helps you learn through practical exercises and code samples. The perfect entry point to Selenium 2. What You Will Learn.
Learn the basics of breaking down a web application for testing Understand AJAX calls and how they work with your tests Create basic scripts that allow you to recreate issues quickly Set up Firefox Driver, Firefox profiles, and extensions Get your tests working on mobile devices Migrate your tests from Selenium RC to Selenium WebDriver Handle tests quicker by running them in parallel and reduce build time. When you sign up you'll get offers relevant to you, exclusive discounts on our hottest titles, and leading edge free content.
All Rights Reserved.Selenium is a software testing framework for automating web applications for testing purposes. TimeUnit; import org. Copy the entire contents from the Source tab and add it to the SearchTest class: FileUtils; import org. The challenges faced in Handling Ajax Call in Selenium Webdriver are Using "pause" command for handling Ajax call is not completely reliable.
Another important benefit of using Maven is that you can get all the Selenium library files and their dependencies by configuring the pom.
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