Absolute Beginner's Guide to Digital Photography. Pages·· The Portrait Landscapes Photography Book and Landscapes Photography Book. A collection of free ebooks for photographers to learn from. These books will help you learn photography skills first hand from some of the. Digital cameras employ an electronic sensor consisting of a large number of square cells or “pixels”. Photons hitting a cell create an electrical charge.
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publishers of digital photography books, textbooks, and easy to follow guides to fully searchable PDF eTexts™ that can be displayed on any computer using. Photographer Julie Adair King is the author of several popular books about digital Dummies, Photo Retouching and Restoration For Dummies, Easy Web. This guide by National Geographic can be a serious resource for a beginner in photography as it covers almost every aspect of the basics of.
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Travel photography ebooks. All about travel photography eBooks. Various photography eBooks. Miscellaneous and various ebooks to learn photography. Wildlife and bird eBooks. For subjects that are moving or are in motion, doing away with blur isnt as easy.
An action mode could be set on the camera or the shutter speed could be manually increased.
Another way of reducing blur is to keep shutter lag to a minimum by keeping the trigger pressed halfway until the photographer is prepared to take the snapshot. Mundane Photos Uniqueness in photography is what matters. A photograph ought to be attractive and a cut above the rest. A reasonably good photograph is expected of anyone but surely there is a difference between a lackluster photograph and one that is exceptional.
A photograph is exceptional when its taken skillfully. Every photography enthusiast should explore, discover and pursue their unique own styles. A photographer should not shun challenges so as to remain in one's comfort zone.
Instead, one should rise up to the occasion and meet the challenge head on. Travel photography goes a long way in creating interesting and unique shots. Inspiration in photography can be found everywhere, near and far and even in ones backyard.
One has to have an eye for detail. Post Processing With post processing, complacency sets in as the inclination to be perfect would be to be less than inspired while taking a shot and to rely more on post processing to set things right. Prior to taking a shot, appropriate and recommended camera settings should be adhered to. A test photo could be taken to make sure that lighting, composition, white balance and exposure are all perfect for the shot.
Lighting in particular needs to be proper as insufficient lighting cannot be fixed by post processing. To save time on post processing, photos need to be analyzed to rectify issues. Correcting mistakes that arent critical proactively is a far better option than relying on post processing.
By doing so, the composition of photographs would be better and stronger which in turn would improve the skills of a photographer. Poor Lighting Decent lighting is vital to photography.
With proper lighting, a reasonably good photograph can become extraordinary.
Outdoor photography turns out to be the best in the early morning or late evening as there is light for shots of scenes and portraits alike. Portraits under an overcast sky make for a perfect shot as the light from an overcast sky would create subjects that are lit evenly, thereby having shadows that are negligible.
Indoor shots should not be taken using flash. Reliance on natural light is advisable. Contrast A photograph with a lot of contrast would have two extremes of light: the highlighted area and the shadowy spot. Photographs that are taken on a bright and sunny day are the ones where the contrast is quite apparent.
The dark areas of the image could be filled in by using flash and the image could be underexposed as well to observe whether it makes any difference whatsoever. Red Eye Even though an image editing software would rectify red eye effects, prevention is better than cure. Light-eyed people are generally prone to red eye due to the reflection of the flash on the retinas of their eyes. Red eye could be prevented by not using the inbuilt flash of the camera as much as you might normally do. Some cameras do have an option of reducing red eye automatically; this is known as the automatic red-eye reduction mode.
The alternative to avoiding red-eye is to have the subject not look into the camera so as that there isnt any reflection whatsoever. Finally, if the room is bright then that would let light into the pupil of the subjects eye which would cause them to shrink.
However, this may not be a practical solution as it is easier said than done. Off Colors Off-colors, or color casts as they are also known, are a common issue related to digital photography. The settings with regard to white balance could be used to fix the issue. Depending on the scenario, the white balance setting should be chosen.
An indoor picture may look orange due to the emission of orange light from the lamp caused by the lamps incandescence. By adding blue, which is the recommended tungsten setting for such a scenario; it would essentially be in balance. Less Is Actually More While the photograph is being framed and composed, the objective and the focus should indeed be on aesthetics and relevance.
Usually just a single point of focus is sufficient. If background is the point of focus and the foreground has a distraction then the image needs to be cropped by zooming in so that the item that is a distraction can be avoided. An image editing software program can do this type of editing work as well. The goal and objective of this exercise is to ensure that the human eye gravitates to the attractiveness of the image. What If the Subject is Far Off?
The purpose of every photograph that is shot is to ensure that the frame has something engaging within in. If for example the subject is at a distance then the desired impact may not be there at all.
A telephoto zoom lens would accomplish the task of moving closer to the subject or the image could be cropped later with an image editing software. The image ought to be shot at the highest possible resolution as cropping the image would adversely affect its quality. Low Resolution One advantage of low resolution images is that more images can be stored on a memory card although its neither advisable nor recommended. The quality of the image would deteriorate if the image is shot in low resolution.
Moreover, large photographs would have noticeable pixels and hence cannot be printed. In addition, every time a jpeg file is saved, the quality of the file will suffer. If the file isnt big to begin with then there wont be too many options for editing.
Taking high resolution photographs with memory cards that have huge storage capacities may be better to consider than taking photographs on low resolution to save on memory storage.
Excess Noise Noise in digital photography and grain on a film are similar to one another. An image could have these specks of what may appear as dust particles to an untrained eye. If the ISO is high there will be more noise. As the image is enlarged, more noise will appear.
Images at night are susceptible to noise as its a struggle for the camera to capture detail. Noise can be reduced by selecting the highest setting for image quality. By using the lowest ISO setting, the image would not be blurred as the camera would be mounted on a tripod. Underexposed Photographs An image that is extremely dark is underexposed as the sensor did not receive sufficient light while the shot was taken.
If the LCD display shows the image as being dark, which means the image is underexposed, then the aperture could be opened to let as much light in as possible.
Overexposed Photographs If the photograph happens to be extremely bright and lacks detail then the photograph is overexposed. What this essentially means is that the sensor is exposed to light more than is required. When the day is bright, overexposure could be detrimental. Overexposure could also be detrimental when the subject is light colored. Spot metering works best to ensure that the results are accurate. An area which has plenty of gray mid-tones needs to be picked on the image as a guideline.
Owners Manual Granted, reading the owner s manual is not like reading a novel. Owner s manuals are normally written in a way that is cut and dry and there is no beating around the bush. Hence they arent userfriendly by any stretch of the imagination.
Not that its surprising that there are many authors who actually write these manuals on how these cameras ought to be used. Some authors might not have even used the cameras that they are actually writing about. Gear One tool should be right for the job. If pictures of all of the products that need to be used with your camera are be uploaded on a retail site like site then the product would be too high-end unless and complicated for use.
Normally a point and shoot camera would suffice. If you see too many parts on a product then it may not be the right option for you to use because it would not be all that easy to use and may even be far more expensive than what you might be willing to spend on such a camera. Reliance on the LCD or Preview Screen Everything appears sharp on a little LCD monitor on the back of a camera but that doesn't mean they will be just as sharp when you are done taking a picture.
Editing Image on Camera By all means the temptation to edit images on a camera should be resisted. More often than not, a shot could have been taken unintentionally but instead of deleting the image it should be saved on a memory card and downloaded on a computer.
Backing Up Images This may sound too obvious but nonetheless it is essential to back up images prior to erasing or deleting them as once the images are erased, they are gone forever. There are file recovery programs though that may be able to recover or salvage pictures that may have been erased or deleted but they cant be relied upon every single time.
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Lack of Memory Cards There was a time when memory cards were expensive but those days are far gone. They are much more affordable now more than ever before and can hold more data for less money. Therefore, downloading as many cards as possible is advisable and recommended. With sufficient memory cards, high resolution pictures can be taken and the best results would be guaranteed even if the pictures were to be cropped.
Lack of Batteries If there is no power then the camera is nothing but a paper weight. There are some paper weights that are heavier and then there are some that are relatively lighter. Only those cameras that are compatible with AA batteries are the ones that are recommended. Proprietary batteries are alright also but sufficient spare batteries should be available. A card reader rather than a computer to transfer images is advisable because by using this, the battery will have a longer life.
Not Researching On Hardware Prior to downloading a camera, what needs to be ensured is whether or not the photo editing software that you will be using is compatible with the computer you have. Many cameras these days require high-end computers so they can read and process images.
A computer that is outdated would not be able to cope and may even stall. It could very well get the job done but at a much slower pace. In short, you have to take a look at the hardware you need to get when using such a camera so you will know what you will be doing when getting an image taken the right way.
Afraid of Making Mistakes As they say, failures are the pillars of success. Its an apt analogy because through mistakes, one learns and progresses and grows as a photographer. To be afraid of failing is tantamount to restricting oneself to explore and thereby not being able to create extraordinary photographs.
Picture perfect shots cannot be guaranteed every time and even expert and professional photographers havent been consistent with taking exceptional snapshots. You should not be afraid of not doing well. Rule of Thirds Not following the rule of thirds is a problem in digital photography that people constantly get into.
The underlying premise of this rule is that the eye of a human being is by nature inclined to focus on points of intersection that can be seen due to the image being split into three different sections.
The rule of thirds is in essence two imaginary lines vertically and horizontally making three columns and rows and nine sections on an image. Vital elements of composition and leading lines are put in place on or in proximity from the imaginary lines and at intersection points.
With the rule of thirds in mind the composition of the photograph is best done in the camera to avoid having to crop later and retain the image as much as possible and to avoid sacrificing quality of photographs as well.
They are designed for viewing at an optimum distance between 8 and To compose images, the cameras eye level viewfinder ideally ought to be used and the LCD viewfinder to set parameters and view the image that has been captured. Even high-resolution LCD viewfinders that the digital cameras are equipped with use the image as a test sample therefore one to one resolution cannot be seen on the viewfinder. Hence they arent suitable for focusing in detail or for framing purposes.
Whats even worse, LCDs consume a lot of power and moreover if used for protracted periods of time it could lead to dead batteries rather quickly. The ubiquitous viewfinder is incorporated on most digital cameras and there are two types available. One is a clear glass frame; the other is the beam splitter, a swinging mirror in other words.
This system has one advantage as the mirror is stationary to eliminate vibration. Its main disadvantage and indeed a flaw that could turn out to be fatal for indoor shots and for photography in poor light is that very little light reaches the eye of the photographer so much so that the photographer may find it difficult to compose and focus properly as the subject may appear dark.
Thereafter the mirror swings back in so that the photographer can continue viewing the subject. When shutter speeds are fast, the mirror will be invisible to the photographer. An inexpensive and less complicated viewing solution at eye level is the optical glass viewfinder which most digital cameras are equipped with. Made of clear glass, it may see something but it does not show what the lens sees. Instead it gravitates to the lenss top or the side. The biggest advantages are that no power is required, there arent any moving components and its brightness is unparalleled.
The system isn't impacted by inaccuracy as it usually shows quite a bit less than what actually has been captured. Still, this may lead to elements on the edges of the photograph. The cause of parallax is positioning the viewfinder 1 or 2 from the lens.
Thus the angle from which the viewer sees the subject is a little different when compared with the lens. This hardly matters while shooting distant shots but for relatively closer shots the difference between the viewer s angle and the angle from which the shot is actually taken increases. Macro shots are typically within 12 of the subject or closer; glass viewfinders are practically useless due to the parallax error being very high.
The optical viewfinder is replaced by a far more advanced viewfinder which is the electronic eye level viewfinder equipped with a small high resolution color monitor that consumes minimum power and can be viewed when the camera is held at eye level. Over and above what most electronic viewfinders have to offer in terms of direct and viewing in detail which brings clarity as to whether or not a subject is in focus.
Electronic viewfinders display vital statistics with regard to the settings of the camera including f-stop, shutter speed, flash status, so on and so forth. An electronic eye level viewfinder undeniably is popular but its also unpopular in equal measure due to its disadvantage. The technology has not been tried and tested enough in still digital cameras as it has been in camcorders and therefore is in its incubation stage.
Hence in terms of brightness, clarity and responsiveness, a traditional optical viewfinder is a far better option. Chapter 7 - Post Processing and Image Editing An image editing software program is equipped with tools and features to enhance a photograph.
Post processing is about adjusting pictures after they have been taken by opening photographs in an image editing software which is equipped with tools to enhance the pictures appropriately. An image editing software program sharpens the photographs automatically to add to its focus.
No matter how much the photographs are sharpened by software, if the pictures are blurred then there isnt much that software can do to remove the blur. Focus and sharpness of a picture begins from the camera. All that a software program does is to further sharpen and improve the picture.
Saturation is the process of moving the colors of a photograph either more towards gray which is known as desaturation or to saturate them to make them vibrant. Saturation if used effectively could make pictures lifelike but at the same time pictures may be lacking in their natural look.
Levels control the shadows, mid tones and highlights of a picture. Contrast or lightness or darkness are simple controls that simultaneously adjusts shadows, mid tones and highlights. With levels, each of these features can be controlled separately. With the midtone control, an overall adjustment of an image in terms of the image being lighter or darker can be made. The shadow control increases the depth and how shadows are accentuated.
Highlights can create contrasts to be higher so the photograph can be aesthetically appealing. There arent any preset formulas or rules to use Levels.
An image may have the wrong temperature which could be rectified with the hue control tool. There are categories of colors that are warm and then there are categories of colors that are cold. Reds and yellows are warm colors while greens, blues and violets are cold colors.
If a photograph of a group of people is taken and there is a blue cast due to lighting, the group would lack warmth; hence with hue control, the general color of the photograph would have to be moved towards red and yellow, thereby warming the image. Hue adjustment is more of a matter of perception as there arent any guidelines or rules to abide by or follow.
White balance of a camera effectively rectifies color issues as well. Chapter 8 - Memory Cards A memory card or a flash memory card is a small storage device where different types of data - text, pictures, audio, and video - can be stored and used on portable or remote computers. Other memory cards that are available include the secure digital card, the compact flash card, the smart media card, the memory stick, and the multimedia card.
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These cards are available in various shapes and sizes and with a wide range of storage capacities that impact the price. The CompactFlash card is approximately the size of a matchbox while the Multi Media Card and Secure Digital card each are as big or small as a postage stamp. This is important for any camera you use. Most cards that are out there are reliable. There will be absolutely no loss of data due to power snags and there is no need to periodically refresh data either.
As memory cards are solid state media with immovable parts, they will not have technical issues. The cards that are available today are decidedly smaller and consume less power than older options and the storage capacity is much higher on average. Chapter 9 - Why Upgrade? Quality of image As the image sensors are comparatively larger on DSLRs, the sizes of the pixels on these cameras are larger as well.
DSLRs in comparison with point and shoot are far more flexible in terms of the range of premium quality lenses that are included from wide angle to super long focal lengths which can be used based on what the photographer is shooting. In addition to the lenses that are available, there is also an entire gamut of accessories, flashes, filters, etc.
Hence DSLRs are adaptable to any situation or circumstance. Point to be noted; with regard to your choice of lenses, DSLRs have an unparalleled reputation. The qualities of lenses that are used can directly influence the quality of the image. Normally DSLRs are quite fast cameras in terms of startup, focusing and shutter lag. Manual Controls There are many point and shoot cameras which are equipped with manual mode of shooting.
However, a DSLRs design is such that the user would be inclined to control settings manually. DSLRs are equipped with auto modes as well but since the manual controls are at a photographer s fingertips, they are far more accessible than auto modes. Hence its far more convenient for a photographer to set the controls manually while shooting. In all probability there is truth in this speculation.
Do check it out here. This guide by National Geographic can be a serious resource for a beginner in photography as it covers almost every aspect of the basics of photography. From explaining camera settings to tips on composition and perspective, everything is nicely explained.
It can also serve as a handy reference guide to refresh your basics. This is an inspiring compilation of essays by photographer Scott Bourne. Coming from his personal experiences, the essays touch upon his insights on topics like storytelling, seeing, creativity, and vision. The wide variety of tips scattered across the eBook are sure to help you grow as a photographer.
Do check it out. This eBook is also available for the site on site. Light will no longer be your excuse for bad photos. Street photographer Alex Coghe shares everything he has learned through these years in this eBook. In this eBook, photographer Scott Bourne gives you tips to get sharper images and avoid blur. You should check this out. Photographer Neil Ta has been involved in urban exploration photography for quite some time now and through this eBook, he shares everything he has learned over the years.
If you are fascinated by urban exploration and looking to learn the ropes, this can be a valuable resource. So, grab your camera and start exploring your city for abandoned spaces!
Street photographer Chris Weeks shares with you why street photography is easy and difficult at the same time.
Filled with lots of fantastic images and insights on the craft, this eBook will give you a lot to think about and offer you plenty of ways to improve your street photography.
If you like cycling and photography, you are going to love this one.The rule of thirds is in essence two imaginary lines vertically and horizontally making three columns and rows and nine sections on an image. How to do great pictures with a smartphone or a tablet. Alright, so first things first, what is a DSLR camera? Here are five of the most important. An inexpensive and less complicated viewing solution at eye level is the optical glass viewfinder which most digital cameras are equipped with.
You can take a look at many points in this book including how photos are to be taken, how you can create nice looks and how to make your images stable as you take them. For subjects that are moving or are in motion, doing away with blur isnt as easy.
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