Download NSCP 6th Edition DOWNLOAD PDF - MB. Share Embed Donate. Report this link SIXTH EDITION NSCP C·10 nNATIONA j I I ,! I. Simplified Reinforced Concrete Design NSCP. National Structural Code of the Philippines. National Structural Code of the Philippines(NSCP), Volume 1, Fourth Edition. National Structural Code of the Philippines tio n factors of Section 1 me 1 ilippines ume 1 s of tile Philippines € NSCP , Volume 1.
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Majority of the countries mention adopted and typical floor plan. Four types of RC buildings were used in implemented European Standards in the design and analysis this study namely: of their structures. International Building Code analysis RSA , ii 4 - storey irregular frame with shear wall analyse using The earliest model code in the United States was the Na- equivalent lateral force method ELFM , tional Building Code recommended by the National Board of Fire Underwriters, published in in response to fire in- iii 4 - storey regular frame analyse using equivalent lateral surance losses in the Great Baltimore Fire of Typical floor plan for 4 storey regular and irregular RC frame.
Tri-dimensional model of 4 storey regular and irregular RC building framed structure. Dead-load and C8 see Fig. C1 and C5 are corner columns, C3 and and live-load are 2. C6 are side columns and C8 was middle centre column. The member sizes lowing: base shear, storey shear and the amount of rein- were: mm x mm column ground floor to second forcement required in the representative columns at the floor , mm x mm column third floor to last floor , ground storey.
In order to determine the reinforcements mm x mm typical beam section , mm slab needed by the representative columns the interaction dia- thickness and mm wall thickness. The software package reference .
Beams and columns are mod- 3.
NSCP Chapter 4 - Concrete.pdf - CHAPTER 4 Concrete 4-1...
Seismic Parameters elled with frame element while shearwall and slabs are mod- In order to compare only the codes provision the same elled with shell element see Fig. The results are shown in Fig. The results are km, and the fault is capable of producing a large magnitude plotted in the X and Y directions. And the following were event with high rate of seismic activity .
Earthquake Parameters for Equivalent Lateral sis. Based form the results, it clearly shows that regular structures design using the equiva- Eccentricity ratio 0. Over strength factor 8. The results are presented in Fig. And the follow- Importance factor I 1.
From the For 4-storey irregular building, as shown in Fig. This is 4. Base Shear consistent with the results obtained in the design maximum A comparison of design base shear is one of the simplest base shear both in the X and Y directions. Two types of RC structures 4. Axial Load- Moment Interaction Diagrams have been considered: RC moment resisting framed building regular and frame shear wall building irregular.
An office In this section are analyzed the column axial load - bend- building Fig. C6 and C8.
The equations used to generate data for plotting Table 3. Maximum base shear. Storey shear the for 4-storey RC frame. The original interaction diagrams that response spectrum analysis are shown in Fig. The three standards also capacity of the section. Furthermore, the repre- The interaction diagrams for regular building using the sentative columns were taken in the ground floor of each equivalent lateral force method are shown in Fig. It is clearly shown that all the columns, C1, C3, C5, regular and irregular frame respectively.
Based form these preliminary representative columns are shown in Table 4 with the corre- results, the building design using the ELFM are safer as sponding seismic design codes respectively, NSCP , compared with RSA. It can be seen in the table, that C6 and load combinations given in the three seismic codes provided C5 have the minimum and maximum difference in the steel a negligible influence on the results.
From the same table, it should be noted that EC8 required The interaction diagrams for 4-storey irregular building the highest steel requirement ratio of 3.
Table 4. From the global analysis it is interaction diagrams. The results for maximum base other design codes.
It Fig. The results of steel reinforcement ratio in the repre- was evident from the results that EC8 was found to be con- sentative columns are shown in Table 5 with the correspond- servative as compared to NSCP and IBC.
It can also be noted that in the load combination It can be seen in the table, that C3 and C5 have the cases, EC8 considered the effects of earthquake actions in minimum and maximum difference in the steel ratio.
From the same table, it should be noted that EC8 required the highest steel requirement ratio of 2. The results presented were applicable to residential buildings Furthermore, EC8 considered the effects of earthquake with standard occupancy and for typical loading conditions. This effect is more pronounced in the irregular frame.
More respondents disagreed There were no differences by gender, setting or age group. Respondents were also asked to respond to the statement 'I'd only think about chlamydia if I had symptoms': most Men were significantly more likely to agree to this statement However, in each of the settings, when women were approached it was common for them to respond confidently and with certainty when asked if they had heard of chlamydia before, for example, "Oh, yes, uh huh, I've heard of it" and "Chlamydia yes I've heard of it..
In contrast, men were less certain about having heard of chlamydia, with the researcher often receiving blank looks and being required to provide more explanation to men than to the women about chlamydia before they affirmed their awareness. During interviews, the survey findings and observations were borne out: all interviewees described being aware of chlamydia prior to the posters about the study going up in the setting.
What emerged across the interviews was the superficiality of their self-reported knowledge, with some conveying only having heard of it. Knowledge of chlamydia When asked in more detail about their knowledge, most interviewees spoke of their knowledge in tentative vague terms: I: Tell me what you know about chlamydia.
R: I don't know a lot about it to be honest [pause]. See, I've heard about it, I don't really know, obviously, all the ins and outs of it, but I know what it is, as much as I kinda, I think I know kind of thing, but em I don't know a lot about it. Interviewee , Female, Age 20, Workplace. Only two interviewees had more detailed knowledge about chlamydia: one had worked in a laboratory which tested samples for STIs and the other had experience of working on a sexual health advice line.
Both interviewees understood the largely asymptomatic nature of chlamydia and the possible effects on fertility. Interviewees frequently contextualised their own poor knowledge of chlamydia by reference to the absence of knowledge regarding this topic on the part of young people in society generally. The young woman quoted above offered the following comment immediately after discussing her own perceived low knowledge of chlamydia: " I dunno I just think it's, there's just hardly any information about this and I think there should be.
Although few interviewees could describe possible sequelae, more women than men spoke of knowing the potential fertility problems women could have following chlamydial infection. Most interviewees, particularly the men, spoke of being surprised to learn that the majority of people would have no sign of symptoms of chlamydia infection.
I always thought I would know, I'd have some sort of symptom, so yeah, I was really surprised when I read that most people don't always know.
2010 NSCP Wind Loads
I'd always thought that with things like this you'd know, like you'd get a discharge or something would just be like funny down there [laughs] but em, yeah I know that that's not always the case now and also that it can cause like problems, women not getting pregnant and stuff, I didn't really know that KL: You say you know those things from taking part in this study?
R: Yeah, like you don't always know or as you said 'you can't tell by looking'. I remember you saying that to me.
Interviewee , Male, Age 23, Workplace. Most interviewees spoke about their own experience of sex education and offered views on the quality of sex education more generally. A typical view from both male and female interviewees was that their low knowledge about chlamydia was the 'fault' of their poor sex education.
A few couched their statements in normative terms: KL: what do you remember being taught about sexual infections in sex education? R: No much. I think we really should have been taught about this stuff, like see the first time really that I've ever went into anything in any detail has been with yourself. Interviewee , Male, Age 22, Workplace. Most interviewees commented that they did not remember being taught about chlamydia at school.
Discussion This study determined the level of awareness and knowledge of chlamydia among young people who were approached in a variety of community settings and offered opportunistic screening. These studies were with clinical populations but poor knowledge has also been reported among non-clinical populations, including medical students, other university students and school pupils, [ 35 - 37 ].
Nevertheless, whilst awareness was high, knowledge decreased as questions became increasingly focussed, so that the majority of respondents knew they could not catch chlamydia from toilet seats but few knew chlamydia could cause conjunctivitis.
The participant observation data, specifically the recorded observations made during the initial approach to young people, revealed gender differences in the degree of certainty of having heard of chlamydia: women immediately reported having heard of chlamydia; in contrast, men were unsure and required prompting that it was a STI before recognising it and confirming awareness.
This lack of recognition among men could have implications for social marketing approaches, as men may not instantly recognise chlamydia as an STI or consider it to be personally relevant.
These gender differences could have implications for how young people are approached and offered chlamydia screening. However, conveying information will involve more than information provision as stigma and embarrassment may reduce participation in screening [ 26 ].Catwalk for maintenance access 6. Rodrigues, A.
The results for maximum base other design codes. Sand or gravel and clay Dining rooms and restaurants 4.
Also, this code rencets the latest seismic design practice ror ea rthq uake rcsis! We used a convenience sample for the survey, and it was difficult to undertake purposive sampling for the qualitative study. It is also Building Code Congress in Keywords: Seismic design, building codes, reinforced concrete frame structure, RC column design, interaction diagrams.
Four types of RC buildings were used in implemented European Standards in the design and analysis this study namely: of their structures.
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