Pragati Books Pvt. Ltd., Aug 7, - Hospital pharmacies - pages. 2 Reviews Introduction to Clinical Pharmacy Practice Definition scope. 1. HOSPITAL. The pharmacy department is now an established part of most hospitals with the pharmacist playing a pivotal role in the pharmaceutical care of the patient. Hospital Pharmacy outlines the changes in pharmacy practice within the hospital This book is essential reading for pharmacy undergraduates, pre-registration.
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Pragati Books Pvt. Ltd., Sep 7, - Clinical pharmacology - pages. 4 Reviews Computer Applications in Hospital Pharmacy 15 1 _ 15 5. Hospital Pharmacy 2nd edition covers pharmacy practice in hospitals, and This book is essential reading for pharmacy undergraduates, pre-registration. Hospital Pharmacy: Medicine & Health Science Books @ bestthing.info
Hospital pharmacists and trained pharmacy technicians compound sterile products for patients including total parenteral nutrition TPN , and other medications given intravenously.
This is a complex process that requires adequate training of personnel, quality assurance of products, and adequate facilities.
Several hospital pharmacies have decided to outsource high risk preparations and some other compounding functions to companies who specialize in compounding. The high cost of medications and drug-related technology, combined with the potential impact of medications and pharmacy services on patient-care outcomes and patient safety, make it imperative that hospital pharmacies perform at the highest level possible.
Main article: Clinical pharmacy Pharmacists provide direct patient care services that optimizes the use of medication and promotes health, wellness, and disease prevention.
Clinical pharmacists often collaborate with physicians and other healthcare professionals to improve pharmaceutical care.
Clinical pharmacists are now an integral part of the interdisciplinary approach to patient care. They often participate in patient care rounds for drug product selection. The clinical pharmacist's role involves creating a comprehensive drug therapy plan for patient-specific problems, identifying goals of therapy, and reviewing all prescribed medications prior to dispensing and administration to the patient.
The review process often involves an evaluation of the appropriateness of the drug therapy e.
The pharmacist must also monitor for potential drug interactions, adverse drug reactions, and assess patient drug allergies while designing and initiating a drug therapy plan. Ambulatory care pharmacy is based primarily on pharmacotherapy services that a pharmacist provides in a clinic.
Pharmacists in this setting often do not dispense drugs, but rather see patients in office visits to manage chronic disease states. In the U. In some states such North Carolina and New Mexico these pharmacist clinicians are given collaborative prescriptive and diagnostic authority.
The official designation for pharmacists who pass the ambulatory care pharmacy specialty certification exam will be Board Certified Ambulatory Care Pharmacist and these pharmacists will carry the initials BCACP.
For example, if a drug manufacturer only provides a drug as a tablet, a compounding pharmacist might make a medicated lollipop that contains the drug. Patients who have difficulty swallowing the tablet may prefer to suck the medicated lollipop instead. Another form of compounding is by mixing different strengths g, mg, mcg of capsules or tablets to yield the desired amount of medication indicated by the physician , physician assistant , Nurse Practitioner , or clinical pharmacist practitioner.
This form of compounding is found at community or hospital pharmacies or in-home administration therapy.
Compounding pharmacies specialize in compounding, although many also dispense the same non-compounded drugs that patients can obtain from community pharmacies. Main article: Consultant pharmacist Consultant pharmacy practice focuses more on medication regimen review i. Consultant pharmacists most typically work in nursing homes , but are increasingly branching into other institutions and non-institutional settings.
This trend may be gradually reversing as consultant pharmacists begin to work directly with patients, primarily because many elderly people are now taking numerous medications but continue to live outside of institutional settings.
The main principle of consultant pharmacy is developed by Hepler and Strand in Since about the year , a growing number of Internet pharmacies have been established worldwide. Many of these pharmacies are similar to community pharmacies, and in fact, many of them are actually operated by brick-and-mortar community pharmacies that serve consumers online and those that walk in their door.
The primary difference is the method by which the medications are requested and received.
A Textbook Of Hospital And Clinical Pharmacy-For Degree Course
Some customers consider this to be more convenient and private method rather than traveling to a community drugstore where another customer might overhear about the drugs that they take. Internet pharmacies also known as online pharmacies are also recommended to some patients by their physicians if they are homebound.
While most Internet pharmacies sell prescription drugs and require a valid prescription, some Internet pharmacies sell prescription drugs without requiring a prescription. Many customers order drugs from such pharmacies to avoid the "inconvenience" of visiting a doctor or to obtain medications which their doctors were unwilling to prescribe.
There also have been reports of such pharmacies dispensing substandard products.
A Textbook Of Hospital And Clinical Pharmacy-For Degree Course
In short, the humanity of pharmacists is on display throughout this book. The stories of deep connection between pharmacist and patients have inspired me to reach out in greater compassion to the patients and families I work with in the intensive care unit.
The book has, in a sense, given me permission to move beyond my cognitive skills and reach out in a new way to patients and families, to see them as persons first instead of merely recognizing them by their disease states.
I have written this correspondence because I think that Nourishing the Soul of Pharmacy is a gem of a book that I want other Canadian pharmacists to know about. At the same time, there are two groups in particular who I hope will take note of this volume: first, pharmacist educators, particularly those in charge of experiential and residency programs—the stories in this book and the art of reflection that they exemplify could be especially important for pharmacists in the early stages of their career; and second, personnel involved in pharmacist publications such as CJHP—perhaps a similar call could be put forth for stories of reflection from Canadian pharmacists.
It would be great to have stories of connection with patients from the perspective of Canadian pharmacists.
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Who knows, we may even surprise ourselves with our own depth of soul. Footnotes Competing interests: None declared.
Reference 1. Nourishing the soul of pharmacy: stories of reflection.Shopping Cart Summary. It is the community pharmacy where the dichotomy of the profession exists—health professionals who are also retailers.