THE DEATH. AND LIFE. OF GREAT. AMERICAN CITIES. •. Jane Jacobs. VINTAGE BOOKS. A Division of &ndo11l HOllse. NEW YORK. CITIES. Jane Jacobs. Jane Jacobs was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and now lives in Toronto. In addition to The Death and Life of Great. American Cities. The Death and Life of Great American Cities is a book by writer and activist Jane Jacobs. .. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
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The Death and Life of Great American Cities [Jane Jacobs] on bestthing.info * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A direct and fundamentally optimistic. The Death and Life of Great American Cities - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. useful. Introduction to Death and Life of Great American Cities - Jane Jacobs - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
Or whatever people used in the ancient times of instead of PowerPoint. In July , StackExchange board member and ThinkUp creator Anil Dash floated the idea that online social networks should be looking to the urban planning discipline for guidance on how to manage the diverse interests of their user bases and conflicts arising from their roles as public forums.
And yet, no major social network seems keen to add Urban Planning B. This, of course, does not preclude many social networks, big and small, arriving at Jacobs-like principles of community design through trial and error or chance.
Indeed, Dash's own recommendations in the linked post either have no intellectual relation to or contradict directly the hard-earned wisdoms that, thanks to Jacobs, drive most, if not all, urban planning efforts in America today. Dash's recommendations and rhetoric also seem ignorant of the damned indigenous nature of so-called "bad behavior" to virtual communities, as described by Clay Shirky in his November essay encouraging engineers to rethink whom the "user" is when designing social software: "The user of a piece of social software is not just a collection of individuals, but a group.
If you assume a piece of software is for what it does, rather than what its designer's stated goals were, then mailing list software is, among other things, a tool for creating and sustaining heated argument. The group as a whole has an incentive to keep the signal-to-noise ratio high and the conversation informative, even when contentious.
Individual users, though, have an incentive to maximize expression of their point of view, as well as maximizing the amount of communal attention they receive. It is a deep curiosity of the human condition that people often find negative attention more satisfying than inattention, and the larger the group, the likelier someone is to act out to get that sort of attention.
Unfortunately, now as then, we have project- and workflow-oriented professionals talking each other into trying to meet ideal, objective ends that exist only in their heads, design manifestos, and PowerPoint presentations instead of serving their communities on their own chaotic, seedy, obnoxious and ultimately quite valuable terms.
The Death and Life of Great American Cities
VC bias is a powerful passive force in society right now. What kind of legacy will the power brokers on Sand Hill Road leave? Do they even care about anything but the lowest hanging fruit?
Jane Jacobs' parting words suggest that power sequestered away from the complexity and diversity of real human society is inherently unstable: "Does anyone suppose that, in real life, answers to any of the great questions that worry us today are going to come out of homogeneous settlements? Dull, inert cities, it is true, do contain the seeds of their own destruction and little else.
But lively, diverse, intense cities contain the seeds of their own regeneration, with energy enough to carry over for problems and needs outside themselves.
They form the first line of defense for administering order on the sidewalk, supplemented by police authority when the situation demands it.
She further concludes three necessary qualities that a city street needs to maintain safety: 1 a clear demarcation between public and private space; 2 eyes upon the street and sufficient buildings facing streets; 3 continuous eyes on the street to guarantee effective surveillance.
Over time, a considerable number of criminological studies have applied the concept of " eyes on the street " in crime prevention . Jacobs contrasts the natural proprietors to the "birds of passage", the transient and uninvested block dwellers who "have not the remotest idea of who takes care of their street, or how.
These "blind-eyed" spaces, modeled after the upper-class standards for apartment living but lacking the amenities of access control, doormen, elevator men, engaged building management, or related supervisory functions, are ill-equipped to handle strangers, and therefore the presence of strangers becomes "an automatic menace.
As residents feel progressively unsafe outside their apartments, they increasingly disengage from the life of the building and exhibit tendencies of birds of passage. These troubles are not irreversible. Jacobs claims that a Brooklyn project successfully reduced vandalism and theft by opening the corridors to public view, equipping them as play spaces and narrow porches, and even letting tenants use them as picnic grounds.
Building on the idea that a bustling pedestrian environment is a prerequisite for city safety in the absence of a contracted surveillance force, Jacobs recommends a substantial quantity of stores, bars, restaurants, and other public places "sprinkled along the sidewalks" as a means to this end.
She argues that if city planners persist in ignoring sidewalk life, residents will resort to three coping mechanisms as the streets turn deserted and unsafe: 1 move out of the neighborhood, allowing the danger to persist for those too poor to move anywhere else, 2 retreat to the automobile, interacting with the city only as a motorist and never on foot, or 3 cultivate a sense of neighborhood "Turf", cordoning off upscale developments from unsavory surroundings using cyclone fences and patrolmen.
Contact[ edit ] Sidewalk life permits a range of casual public interactions, from asking for directions and getting advice from the grocer, to nodding hello to passersby and admiring a new dog.
In other words, city dwellers know that they can engage in sidewalk life without fear of "entangling relationships" or oversharing the details of one's personal life. Jacobs contrasts this to areas with no sidewalk life, including low-density suburbia, where residents must either expose a more significant portion of their private lives to a small number of intimate contacts or else settle for a lack of contact altogether.
In order to sustain the former, residents must become exceedingly deliberate in choosing their neighbors and their associations. Arrangements of this sort, Jacobs argues, can work well "for self-selected upper-middle-class people," but fails to work for anyone else. Residents in places with no sidewalk life are conditioned to avoid basic interactions with strangers, especially those of a different income, race, or educational background, to the extent that they cannot imagine having a deep personal relationship with others so unlike themselves.
This is a false choice on any bustling sidewalk, where everyone is afforded the same dignity, right of way, and incentive to interact without fear of compromising one's privacy or creating new personal obligations.
In this way, suburban residents ironically tend to have less privacy in their social lives than their urban counterparts, in addition to a dramatically reduced volume of public acquaintances. Read her book with the tension between sidewalks traditional cities and parks garden cities in mind.
The lack of sufficient city life renders parks both dull and dangerous. And think about its resonances for design. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Jacobs loves sidewalks. Chicago Sneha Nahar.
The Death and Life of Great American Cities
Nancy Al-Assaf. Alexandra Aonofriesei. Aman Issar.
Irina Nemteanu. Emime Lee.
Introduction to Death and Life of Great American Cities - Jane Jacobs
Patrick Go. Diana Chisiu. Asam Bhavya Reddy. Oana Paval.
Bulbul Shukla. Pedro Flora. Angel Mendez Roaring. Khalid Ali Saif Al-shamsi. Aleixandre Duche. Anonymous EvbW4o1U7. Popular in Architecture. Matt Smoke. Rajesh Kumar Shanmugam.
Anonymous nagsX0B2dT. Gabriel Alves. Avinash K. Attila Kiss. Cristian Ionita. Structural Systems for Construction of Multistory Buildings. Naveen Bansal.Her aesthetic can be considered opposite to that of the modernists , upholding redundancy and vibrancy against order and efficiency. Part 2 Given the importance of all kinds of diversity, intricately mingled in mutual support, part two of the book explains the conditions for city diversity or the economic workings that produce lively cities.
In summarizing the development of contemporary city planning theory, she begins with the Garden City of Ebenezer Howard. Successful, functional parks are those under intense use by a diverse set of companies and residents.
Conventional planning approaches to slums and slum dwellers are thoroughly paternalistic.
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