Codice di Diritto Canonico: full text, concordances and frequency lists. Notes: The Canon Law Code (Codex Iuris Canonici) of the Holy See canonico Codice del diritto canonico, Complete document (pdf) [ KB]. in French, many small HTML files, Latin and French (Institut Catholique de Paris); in Italian, Summary, by Card. Vincenza La Puma, five PDF files (Roma Tre ).
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in Spanish, PDF file (Sociedad Argentina de Derecho Canónico); in Swedish, PDF file · in Vietnamese, many small HTML files. and up to the promulgation of the Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium in 2 E. Sastre Santos, Storia dei Sistemi di Diritto Canonico, Roma, Detta Commissione è durata fino all'erezione della Pontificia Commissione per la revisione del Codice di Diritto Canonico, costituita da.
Legal power is divided into the three authorities of legislative, executive and judiciary. The ability to conduct juridical acts can be attached to an office or it can be delegated to a person. Appointment and loss of ecclesiastical office are regulated.
Time regulates prescription, which goes along with the national regulations, but can only be achieved in good faith, and definitions of time. Book II. The People of God Cann. It discusses the general rights and obligations of members of the church, and then discusses the ordering of the church, from the Holy See to the local parish.
The hierarchical constitution of religious and secular institutes and societies of apostolic life is shown to a degree adequate to explain the scope of applicability of the regulations of part two. A religious institute is a society in which members, according to proper law, pronounce public vows.
This book is divided into three parts: The Christian faithful The hierarchical constitution of the church Institutions of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life. The Christian faithful shows the obligations of the faithful in common, those of the lay and those of the sacred ministers or clerics with special consideration of the formation and enrolment of clerics and personal prelatures. Furthermore, the associations of the Christian faithful especially their recognition as a juridic person are constituted, divided in public, private associations and those of the lay.
A secular institute is an institute of consecrated life in which the Christian faithful, living in the world, strive for the perfection of charity and seek to contribute to the sanctification of the world, especially from within. Societies of apostolic life do not use a vow. Book III. The Teaching Function of the Church Cann.
Che nessuno faccia una qualsiasi delle cose che riguardano la Chiesa senza il vescovo Il Vescovo Kallistos Ware scrive:. Ci sono molte chiese case di Dio , ma solo Una Chiesa ; molti episcopi ma solo un episcopato.
Questo non vuol dire che la Chiesa ortodossa ha un' organizzazione congregazionalista ; al contrario, le funzioni di sacerdote locale sono come le "mani" del vescovo, e deve ricevere dal vescovo un antimension e crisma prima che gli sia permesso di celebrare uno dei sacri misteri sacramenti all'interno della diocesi. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
Portale Cattolicesimo. Portale Cristianesimo. Thus c. Therefore this prohibition applies also to all religious according to c. It is only ferendae sententiae. It was recognized under the CIC that in cases of necessity, either of the cleric himself or of his family, the ordinary could allow what would otherwise be forbidden. Hence on 22 March the Sacred Congregation of the Council issued the Decree Pluribus ex documentis that took effect on 1 August, , regulating business and trading by clerics, religious and members of Societies of common life Societies without vows and of secular institutes27 and providing new penalties 22 c.
Beal, et al.
[PDF] Codice di diritto canonico (Italian Edition) [Download] Online
Lincoln Bouscaren ed. It is a Pontifical Decree though promulgated by the sacred congregation of the council. A number of canonists saw in this decree a truly new law since it carried the marks or the universal and permanent nature or character of a law and it prescribed greater penalties than they have ever had in the history of canon law.
Stringent penalties were meant for their superiors who had not prevented the commission of such crimes even depriving themselves of their office and being declared incapable of any office of administration. This automatic excommunication is the major change brought by this decree against the ferendae sententiae penalty of CIC However, it is an admitted fact that severity of the penalties is a very efficacious means for assuring the observance of the law and undoubtedly the Sacred Congregation of the council has this idea in mind when it promulgated the Decree.
It was a time when the Church began to understand itself not merely in itself but in relation to the world. But by its Decree on the Ministry and life of Priests clearly states that Clerics ought to use temporal goods only for those purposes to which the teaching of Christ and the direction of the Church allow them to be devoted.
Tinoko ed. Flannery ed. Pauls Publications, , p. Henceforth hereafter it will be referred as PO. And it is also obvious that the practice of trade and commerce with profit-seeking motive will definitely be a worldly affair ruining their holiness. All the more the priests are invited to embrace voluntary poverty by which they become more clearly conformed to Christ and more ready to devote themselves to their sacred ministry. They must apply this property always to those purposes for the achievement of which the Church is allowed to own temporal goods.
The purposes are: the organization of divine worship, the provision of decent support for their clergy, and the exercise of works of the apostolate and of charity, especially for the benefit of those in need. This exception was totally new in Populus Dei PO, 17 34 Ibid. Column Book Latin Verse 39 Communicationes, 14 , p.
A formal discussion was held on the above proposed draft of Populus Dei Some of the consultors of the Commission proposed to reenact the latae sententia penalty which the decree ex pluribus documentis brought in for the violation of the prohibition.
This draft underwent no changes in schema and finally, the present CIC was promulgated on January 25, , and it came into effect on November 27, The c. The only difference between c. But this canon took different numbers in schemas , , respectively , , An Analysis of c.
This means all the religious and members of Societies of Apostolic life are bound by this prohibition. According to c. This means that permanent deacons can involve commerce and trade, unless the particular law does not forbid them.
However, the competent ordinary should ensure discreetly that the local church will not be responsible for his non-diaconal enterprises. Column Book 43 Ibid.
Paul VI restored the diaconate as a permanent order47 in the Latin Church and later with the promulgation of motu proprio Ministeria quaedam48 in by him clerics are now defined as those ordained, that is deacons, priests and bishops. But in practice, most canonists treat these two terms as synonymous.
The following kinds of bushiness are distinguished. This distinction is not borrowed from Civil Law or economics but from the common usages of ecclesiastical writers who generally list five types of business enterprises: 3.
Cogan ed. Coriden, et al. Any closer and careful scrutiny will bring out the four elements in Merchandising: a the good or commodity must be bought and sold. The good or commodity is bought not for personal use or that of somebody else, not to be given as a gift or donation; b the good is sold unchanged.
The good remains unchanged in its external trimmings; c the good is sold at a profit. Profit here is to be understood in its proper sense. It means the excess over the amount paid for in the download of the good or commodity and it was principally intended when the article was bought and later on sold; d the good is bought with the intention of selling it at a profit.
The intention spoken of must be present at the time of the download of the good or commodity and in fact must be the cause of it. This form of business is against c. Included under this category would be a currency exchange where money itself is bought and sold.
Such activity is definitely not lawful for clerics.
To download strawberries, make jam out of them through hired labour and sell the jam. This is against c. Members of the certain religious community who download raw cottons and they themselves convert them into mop heads and sell them later. Such business is not prohibited by c.
The present canon forbids clerics to exercise business in the strict sense. It is relevant that the four elements comprising industrial business in the strict sense be spelled out: a the download of the materials or goods; b changing them into finished products with the assistance of hired or paid employees or workers; c selling the finished product at a profit; d download with the intention of later sale at a profit after the hired or paid employees or workers have transformed the materials.
Therefore the difference between merchandising 53 John P.
The Jurist: Studies in Church Law and Ministry
Abbo and Jerome D. Louis, MO. The employees or workers are paid or hired. While clerics are not allowed to profit from the sale of articles produced by paid labour, it is permissible to sell at a profit items made by themselves or by their students at a trade school. It is disputed whether they may own and operate a printing plant employing outside help.
One may safely hold that such an enterprise is legitimate if the main objective is not profit but the apostolate of the press.CCC ; Summa fratris Alexandri, lib.
Thus speculation is also involved here. All the more the priests are invited to embrace voluntary poverty by which they become more clearly conformed to Christ and more ready to devote themselves to their sacred ministry.
A religious community for example may sell wine produced from its vineyards.
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