Thank you for downloading. The Official Guide to the New TOEFL® iBT eBook. This download contains authentic TOEFL test sections and Audio Tracks Working Through the Practice Sets and Practice Tests in the Book McGraw-Hill eBooks are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and. bestthing.info The benefit you get by reading this book is actually information inside this reserve.
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What you need to know to ace the TOEFL exam McGraw-Hill's TOEFL will help you reach the exam score you want. Inside you Is the Internet Changing the Way You Think? The Little Book of Twitter - Get Tweetwise! ebook by Tim Collins. work through the tests in the book, you will be told when to play each audio track. McGraw-Hill Education eBooks are available at special quantity discounts to. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Tim Collins, PhD, is a professor of ESL and bilingual Official TOEFL iBT® Tests Volume 1 2nd Edition (ebook) . That is really a good book giving overview of actual Toefl ibt bestthing.info a good downloading.
Each chapter also includes practice questions and explanations of correct answers so that you will understand the actual communicative skills that are being tested in each section.
They also include numbered audio tracks for all of the listening passages that accompany the practice questions in this book. For more information about how to use them, see the instruction pages at the start of this eBook. This Official Guide will help you understand the language skills you will need to succeed on the test and in the classroom. Then follow the advice in each skill chapter to improve those skills. You should use other materials to supplement the practice test questions in this book.
In other words, the best way to improve performance is to improve your skills. Each chap- ter of this book gives you explicit advice on how to connect your learning activi- ties to the kinds of questions you will be asked on the test. The best way to improve reading skills is to read frequently and to read many different types of texts in various subject areas sciences, social sciences, arts, business, etc. The Internet is one of the best resources for this, but any books, magazines, or journals are very helpful as well.
It is best to progress to reading texts that are more academic in style, the kind that would be found in university courses. In addition, you might try these activities: b Scan the passages to find and highlight key facts dates, numbers, terms and information.
The entire test is about four hours long, and all sections are taken on the same day. The integrated questions ask test takers to t read, listen, and then speak in response to a question t listen and then speak in response to a question t read, listen, and then write in response to a question b It represents the best practices in language learning and teaching.
Learning English used to focus on learning about the language especially gram- mar , and students could receive high scores on tests without being able to communicate.
Now teachers and learners understand the importance of using English to communicate, and activities that integrate language skills are popular in many English language programs. There is no computer tutorial. Each test-taker receives items that cover the full range of ability.
At the end of testing, all notes are collected and destroyed at the test center to ensure test security. The following chart shows the possible number of questions and the timing for each section. The time limit for each section varies according to the number of questions.
Every test contains additional questions in the Reading or Listening section.
TOEFL Book Reviews
Test Format Number of Questions Timing Test Section 3—5 passages, 12—14 questions each 60— minutes Reading 4—6 lectures, 6 questions each 60—90 minutes Listening 2—3 conversations, 5 questions each 10 minutes BREAK 6 tasks: 2 independent and 4 integrated 20 minutes Speaking 1 integrated task 20 minutes Writing 1 independent task 30 minutes 5 roducing the TOEFL iBT Tool Bar The on-screen tool bar in each section allows you to navigate through the test with ease.
Following are examples of testing tools from the Listening and Read- ing sections of the test. The section is always listed in the upper left-hand corner of the tool bar. This is what the tool bar looks like in the Listening section.
It is possible to hide the clock at any time by clicking on Hide Time. When you use the Help feature, the clock does not stop. In the Listening section, you cannot see a question again once you click on OK.
The tool bar for the Reading section has some important features. You can view the entire passage when answering questions. For some ques- tions, you need to click on View Text to see the entire passage.
You can view all your answers by clicking on Review. This allows you to return to any other question and change your answer. You can also see which questions you have skipped and still need to answer.
In the Reading section you can also click on Back at any time to return to the previous question. In many academic settings around the world, students are expected to read and understand information from textbooks and other academic materials written in English. The following are three purposes for aca- demic reading: Reading to find information b effectively scanning text for key facts and important information b increasing reading fluency and rate Basic comprehension b understanding the general topic or main idea, major points, important facts and details, vocabulary in context, and pronoun references1 b making inferences2 about what is implied in a passage Reading to learn b recognizing the organization and purpose of a passage b understanding relationships between ideas b organizing information into a category chart or a summary in order to recall major points and important details b inferring how ideas throughout the passage connectDescription Number of Passages and Questions Timing 3—5 passages 60— minutes Reading Section Format 12—14 questions per passage Length of Each Passage Approximately wordsReading Passages The TOEFL iBT uses reading passages from university-level textbooks that intro- duce a discipline or topic.
The passages cover a variety of different subjects. You should not be con- cerned if you are unfamiliar with a topic. The passage contains all the informa- tion needed to answer the questions. Pronoun references: The nouns that pronouns refer to in a passage2. Make an inference: To comprehend an argument or an idea that is strongly suggested, but notexplicitly stated in a passage 7 roducing the TOEFL iBT All passages are classified into three basic categories: b exposition3 b argumentation4 b historical Often, passages present information about the topic from more than one per- spective or point of view.
This is something you should note as you read. Usually, you are asked at least one question that allows you to demonstrate that you understood the general organization of the passage. Once the questions appear, the passage appears on the right side of the computer screen. The questions are on the left.
See the illustra- tion that follows. Exposition: Material that provides an explanation of a topic 4. Argumentation: Material that presents a point of view about a topic and provides evidence to support it 8 Introducing the TOEFL iBT You do not need any special background knowledge to answer the questions in the Reading section correctly, but the definition of difficult words or phrases in the passage may be provided.
If you click on the word, a definition appears in the lower left part of the screen. The 60 to minutes allotted for this section include time for reading the passages and answering the questions. Features Reading to learn questions These questions test your ability to recognize how the passage is organized and understand the relationships among facts and ideas in different parts of the passage.
You are asked to sort information and place the text options provided into a category chart or summary see the examples on page The summary ques- tions are worth up to 2 points each. The chart questions are worth up to 3 points if there are five options presented, and up to 4 points if there are seven options presented. Partial credit is given in this question format. They test your ability to select the answer choice that most accurately paraphrases a sentence from the passage.
Glossary feature You can click on some special purpose words and phrases in the reading passages to view a definition or explanation of the term. In academic settings, students must be able to listen to lectures and conversations. Academic listening is typically done for one of the three following purposes: Listening for basic comprehension b comprehend the main idea, major points, and important details related to the main idea Note: comprehension of all details is not necessary.
You can take notes on any listening material throughout the entire test. Listening Section Format Number of Questions Timing 6 questions per lecture 60—90 minutes Listening Material 5 questions per 60—90 minutes 4—6 lectures, 35 minutes long conversation each, about — words 2—3 conversations, about 3 minutes long, about 12—25 exchanges 5.
Synthesize: To combine information from two or more sources 6. Make an inference: To comprehend an argument or an idea that is strongly suggested, but not explicitly stated in a passage 7.
Digressions: Side comments in which the speaker briefly moves away from the main topic and then returns 8. In some of the lectures, the professor does all or almost all of the talking, with an occasional comment by a student. In other lectures, the professor may engage the students in discussion by asking questions that are answered by the students.
The pictures that accompany the lecture help you know whether one or several people will be speaking. The contents of the office conversations are generally academic in nature or related to course requirements. Service encounters could involve conversations about a housing payment, registering for a class, or requesting information at the library. Pictures on the computer screen help you imagine the setting and the roles of the speakers.
Conversation Example Listening Question Formats After the listening material is played, you both see and hear each ques- tion before you see the answer choices.
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This encourages you to listen for main ideas. There are four question formats in the Listening section: b traditional multiple-choice questions with four answer choices and a single correct answer b multiple-choice questions with more than one answer e. After testing, notes are collected and destroyed before you leave the test center for test security purposes.
These questions require you to listen for voice tones and other cues and determine how speakers feel about the topic they are discussing. In the replay format, you listen to part of the conversation or lecture again and then answer a question.
Sometimes the question repeats a portion of the listening material again, as indicated by the headphones icon in the example on page The Speaking section measures your ability to speak effectively in academic settings. In classrooms, students must: b respond to questions b participate in academic discussions with other students b synthesize9 and summarize what they have read in their textbooks and heard in class b express their views on topics under discussion Outside of the classroom, students must: b participate in casual conversations b express their opinions b communicate with people in such places as the bookstore, the library, and the housing office Description The Speaking section is approximately 20 minutes long and includes six tasks.
They ask you to draw upon your own ideas, opinions, and experiences when responding. However, you can respond with any idea, opinion, or experience relevant to completing the task.
First read and lis- ten, and then speak in response. You can take notes and use those notes when responding to the speaking tasks. At least one requires you to relate the information from the reading and the listening material.
For all speaking tasks, you use a headset with a microphone. Speak into the microphone to record your responses. All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark.
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DOI: We hope you enjoy this McGraw-Hill eBook! This book is dedicated to my late father, Richard J. Zwier, an intelligent, unselfish man. And to my dear friend Sepideh Farsai, who developed a keen command of both the vocabulary and idioms of English.
Change the form of the word if necessary. Use each word only once. Write the letter in the blank. Answer the questions that follow. In countries like Niger and Mauritania, the cultivation of land has changed little in the past several centuries.
They have introduced new strains of seed, improved irrigation techniques, and introduced new methods of fertilization and soil management. With ample sunlight for photosynthesis and modern irrigation techniques, sustainable farming techniques should allow farmers to boost aggregate production in order to meet demand. Still, crop revitalization faces an unexpected adversary: institutional incompetence.
The biggest hurdles are political corruption, incompetence, and the absence of a marketing infrastructure. In this passage, the word adversary is closest in meaning to a. In the last paragraph, the word they refers to a. To expect; to sense something before it happens By placing sensors in earthquake-prone areas, scientists can antici- pate some tremors in time to warn the public.
Parts of speech anticipation n, anticipatory adj 2. Extremely harmful; causing financial or physical ruin The architect died in a catastrophic elevator accident. Parts of speech catastrophe n, catastrophically adv 3.
A sudden, often violent, outburst The eruption of Mount St. Helens in caused 57 deaths and immeasurable change to the face of the mountain. Usage tips Eruption is often followed by an of phrase. Parts of speech erupt v 5. Severe hunger; a drastic food shortage The potato famine in Ireland in the mid-nineteenth century caused large numbers of Irish people to emigrate to America.
An overflowing of water; an excessive amount The constant rain and poor drainage system caused a flood in town. The political party sent out a flood of letters criticizing their opponents. Parts of speech flood v 7. A strong influence The speech about the importance of education made an impact on me. Usage tips Impact is usually followed by on or of.You can remove the unavailable item s now or we'll automatically remove it at Checkout.
Sell on site Start a Selling Account. Study grammar in context, not by itself. These words are defined and used in sample sentences. Page Flip:
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