Cambridge Core - European History: General Interest - A Concise History of Spain - by William D. Phillips, Jr. PDF; Export citation. Contents. pp v-v. Access 8 - New Spain, new Spaniards: European, democratic, and multicultural. pp Citation: H-Net Book Channel. New Book - A concise history of Spain. The H-Net Book Channel. https://networks.h-. An updated edition of this concise survey of Spain's complex history from prehistoric times to the present, focusing particularly on culture, society, politics, and.
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Editorial Reviews. Review. "This outstanding introduction to Spanish history will attract general. bestthing.info: A Concise History of Spain (Cambridge Concise Histories) ( ): William D. Phillips Jr, Carla Rahn Phillips: Books. A Concise History of Spain book. Read 21 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The rich cultural and political life of Spain has emerge.
Ministers and courtiers with British names turn up intriguingly often - rather like in later Imperial Russia, only more frequently. Early-modern Brits seem to have inveigled themselves into the power structures of other European countries more often than their foreign counterparts other than those with French names were able to in the UK.
The 18th century Bourbons are big, memorable characters, sounding likeable here in a way that the stodgy Hanoverians, their English contemporaries, never have. Philip V was so prone to depression that he abdicated in favour of his son; but the son promptly died and Phil V returned for another 22 years.
Due to his formidable and supportive second wife Elizabeth Farnese, and his talent for selecting excellent ministers, this was a far more successful kingship than it may otherwise have been, and he was the longest-serving monarch in Spanish history.
Two further sons who became kings of Spain shared his aptitude for ministerial selection, and were similarly uxorious. The earlier, Fernando VI, was also depressive.
The authors are clearly big fans of Carlos III: "Despite the necessary trappings of monarchy, he seems to have been a man of modest and unpretentious demeanor, highly intelligent, pious, and hardworking. Modern Spaniards continue to rank Carlos III as one of the best rulers that Spain has ever had — a king conscious of his power, but determined to use it to further the well-being of his subjects.
Many historians agree with that assessment and consider him the most genuine and effective enlightened ruler in all of eighteenth-century Europe. The king's rather comical appearance, as shown in portraits, clearly did not discourage him. He aimed to help the poor, although this was not always successful or obvious, such as when the abolition of ceiling prices, part of a package of wider reforms, hit at the time of a poor harvest, and popular discontent came to a head in the unrest later portrayed in Manuel de Falla's ballet The Three-Cornered Hat.
Concise History of the Language Sciences
It was during his reign that the Spanish Empire in the Americas reached its largest geographic extent. There were a number of small wars in what are now popular holiday destinations, such as Menorca and Florida.
I was surprised to learn that Galveston was named after a Spanish general and governor, named Galves. Many centuries of enmity with France run through the history of Spain - France was Spain's historic enemy as it was England's - something which was not so noticeable with period-specific studies: however, the 18th century was an exception.
Carlos III was a Spanish-identified and Sicilian king unlike his French-born father, but naval and territorial rivalry with England in the Americas was central, and necessitated reluctant alliance with France.
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And then, after Carlos the Great, the fall: in the early 19th century, and in the wake of the French Revolution came weak monarchy and the first of several episodes of chaotic political polarisation. The latter showing a staggeringly different experience of the Napoleonic era when set beside Britain's domestic safety and its art.
But the book also provides a more rounded view of Goya than is provided by British art documentaries such as Andrew Graham-Dixon 's Art of Spain: if you've always seen him as an innovative and dark artist, it's something of a surprise to find out that he was a court painter, albeit a slyly subversive one. This was also the beginning of Spain's late 19thth century reputation for being behind other Western European countries - although an ancient idea that "Europe begins at the Pyrenees" is also mentioned in the medieval chapters.
Farcically, the inept King Carlos IV fled the French invasion by taking his family to Paris for refuge at the court of Napoleon, who despised him. Though this does show something of the shift in ethos of politics at this time: he did not seem to fear being imprisoned.
The progressive Cortes of Cadiz - too left-wing for some - instead helped galvanise resistance to Napoleon's forces, and a constitutional monarchy under another weak king eventually emerged.
1500 to the Present
Carlists also coalesced at this time, and had their First Carlist War. The faction's name may be familiar from the s civil war, but its origin is not always explained in Civil War histories.
This was another period in which, as in the 14thth century, the overall development of Spain, at least as related here, had so much in common with that of other European countries as to sound almost generic.
Spain was certainly not as industrialised as Britain, but the growth of urban capitalism and consumerism - at the expense of traditional industry and the old guild system - and with them democracy, were the order of the day.
However, whilst France, Britain, and others retained their colonial empires into the 20th century, Spain ended up over a century ahead in this respect, as the bulk of Latin American countries declared their independence during the Napoleonic era. Cuba would wage a successful war of independence in the s - aided by the USA, at a time of nationalism and sensationalist journalism, the authors mention - and this would be a psychological watershed for Spain as the final end of empire.
Isabella II could hardly been behaviourally and morally more different from Victoria, or the sternly devout first of her name, Isabella of Castile: Isabella II was apparently uninterested in the business of governing, and became notorious for taking a string of lovers, and for the probable illegitimacy of her children, including the next king.
Her reign could, as the authors say, have been disastrous for the country if it had happened at a time of greater royal power, but it was mitigated by the constitutional monarchy system. The rise of violent anarchism - similar to the strains associated with 19th century Russia - sparked a number of political assassination attempts on constitutional monarchs and politicians in the late 19th and early 20th century.
More charitably than I was expecting, the book mentions "an identification of the whole anarchist movement with indiscriminate and uncontrolled violence", implying the inaccuracy of this. I grew up hearing this idea of anarchism in British news media too, and only realised that wasn't necessarily what anarchism was when, in my twenties, I met some very kind and pacifistic people who described themselves as anarchists - so I certainly hadn't been expecting this from a history book with apparently conservative leanings.
Through much of the 19th and the early 20th century, Spain was pulled back and forth between conservative and left-wing forms of government, with early form for military officers deciding they knew best and stepping in as a force unto themselves, and a number of short gaps in the constitutional monarchy. An intriguing power-sharing agreement in the late 19th century, whereby right and left wing parties alternated in government, did not last.
The Phillipses' take on the Franco years is rather like saying "Putin stabilised Russia and strengthened its economy": i. This review goes into more detail. The authors are clear that people celebrated when the dictatorship was over, and that the country prospered afterwards.
And the way they explain that the assassination of Admiral Carrero Blanco enabled more rapid change after Franco's death - had he lived, he would have been a major conservative force - implies that this was a positive for the country. But there is very little about the repression under Franco, and a lot about outside influences to which the regime was open, and the transitional period from the late s onwards when liberal reforms slowly began.
Another review indicates the odd emphases in relating the election failure of Aznar and the conservative party following the then-PM's insistence that ETA was responsible for the Madrid train bombings; they make Aznar sound less responsible than most news sources would agree he was.
King Juan Carlos is presented as instrumental in the successful democratisation of Spain: in making the right moves behind the scenes in the fragile days of the s, and in facing down an attempted coup in From the point of view of traditional Spaniards….
Christian Democrats had helped to put Lerroux…. Economic crisis and recovery in late medieval Spain. The items traded by sea constituted a long list..
From emirate to caliphate in Muslim Spain. The democratic governments in Europe and….
With the latest war with France patched up…. Chapter 8. In , the Almohads conducted a major campaign…. The Cuban rebellion that began in …. Chapter 2. To a certain extent, they succeeded, but, ironically…. Origins of Christian states in the north. As proof of that confidence, when voters went….
The government of Felipe III, with the duke…. Next, Franco solidified his support among….
Inquisitorial procedure called for the accused…. For centuries, Hebrew was the common language…. Contrasting with this scandalous romantic history….
A Concise History of Spain
The second Bourbon restoration settled in quickly…. Instead of general tax reform…. In the short term, the republicans could not…. Thus, Isabel of Castile, between the age of three…. The ninth-century growth of the town of Santiago….
For three decades after the end of the Spanish…. From on, Ramon Berenguer ruled a unified…. Within the system, elected politicians from…. Chapter 3. Merida, on the Guadiana River in western Spain….
Politics and personalities in late medieval Spain. In as well, Spain hosted two major….This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Learn more about site Giveaway. Negligible discussion is given to the slave labour employed by the fascist Nationalist government, or that they had concentration camps, and mass graves.
Bobadilla sailed across the ocean and saw for himself. She might have been a disaster for Spain in the days when monarchs held real power.
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