Contradictions in the Bible: Clear Contradictions in the Bible. Shabir Ally . 1. Who incited David to count the fighting men of Israel? •. God did (2 Samuel. Clear Contradictions in the Bible. Shabir Ally. 1. Who incited David to count the fighting men of Israel? God did (2 Samuel 1); Satan did (I Chronicles 2. PDF. By: Jay Smith, Alex Chowdhry, Toby Jepson, James Schaeffer .. second page of his booklet “ Clear Contradictions in the Bible”, Shabbir Ally states.
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presents numbered contradictions, while others such as Shabir Ally .. On the second page of his booklet “ Clear Contradictions in the Bible”, Shabir. creatively lists contradictions in the Bible.1 looks like a contradiction. However if you understand the genre then it is clear. *2 The scholar's name is Shabir Ally. edu/~wwu/YaBBAttachments/_Contradictions_In_The_Bible. pdf. Muslims talk often about the many contradictions in the Bible. .. On the second page of his booklet " Clear Contradictions in the Bible", Shabbir Ally states.
Ahaziah is said to have been 22 in 2 Kings ; while in 2 Chronicles Ahaziah is said to have been Fortunately there is enough additional information in the Biblical text to show that the correct number is Such scribal errors do not change Jewish or Christian beliefs in the least.
In such a case, another portion of scripture often corrects the mistake 2 Kings in this instance. We must also remember that the scribes who were responsible for the copies were meticulously honest in handling Biblical texts. They delivered them as they received them, without changing even obvious mistakes, which are few indeed.
Refer to the next question for a more in-depth presentation on how scribes could misconstrue numbers within manuscripts Archer and Light of Life II 6.
Was Jehoiachin 18 years old 2 Kings or 8 years old 2 Chronicles when he became king of Jerusalem? Category: copyist error Once again there is enough information in the context of these two passages to tell us that 8 is wrong and 18 right. The age of 8 is unusually young to assume governmental leadership. However, there are certain commentators who contend that this can be entirely possible. They maintain that when Jehoiachin was eight years old, his father made him co-regent, so that he could be trained in the responsibilities of leading a kingdom.
A more likely scenario, however, is that this is yet another case of scribal error, evidenced commonly with numbers. It may be helpful to interject here that there were three known ways of writing numbers in Hebrew. The earliest, a series of notations used by the Jewish settlers in the 5th century BC Elephantine Papyri described in more detail below was followed by a system whereby alphabetical letters were used for numbers.
A further system was introduced whereby the spelling out of the numbers in full was prescribed by the guild of so-perim. Fortunately we have a large file of documents in papyrus from these three sources to which we can refer.
As with many of these numerical discrepancies, it is the decade number that varies.
It is instructive to observe that the number notations used by the Jewish settlers in the 5th century BC Elephantine Papyri, during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah, from which this passage comes, evidences the earlier form of numerical notation.
This consisted of a horizontal stroke ending in a downward hook at its right end to represent the numbers in tens thus two horizontal strokes one above the other would be Vertical strokes were used to represent anything less than ten.
Archer is. If, then, the primary manuscript from which a copy was being carried out was blurred or smudged, one or more of the decadal notations could be missed by the copyist. It is far less likely that the copyist would have mistakenly seen an extra ten stroke that was not present in his original then that he would have failed to observe one that had been smudged.
It only makes sense to correct the numerals once the scribal error has been noted. This, however, in no way negates the authenticity nor the authority of the scriptures which we have. Confirmation of this type of copyist error is found in various pagan writers as well. For example in the Behistun rock inscription set up by Darius 1, we find that number 38 gives the figure for the slain of the army of Frada as 55,, with 6, prisoners, according to the Babylonian column.
Copies of this inscription found in Babylon itself, records the number of prisoners as 6, However in the Aramaic translation of this inscription discovered at the Elephantine in Egypt, the number of prisoners was only 6, Similarly in number 31 of the same inscription, the Babylonian column gives 2, as the number of slain in the rebellious army of Frawartish, along with 1, prisoners, whereas the Aramaic copy has over 1, as the prisoner count.
Archer , , , ; Nehls pg. Did king Jehoiachin rule over Jerusalem for three months 2 Kings , or for three months and ten days 2 Chronicles ? Did the chief of the mighty men of David lift up his spear and killed men 2 Samuel or only men 1 Chronicles ?
Light of Life II 9. Did David bring the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem after defeating the Philistines 2 Samuel 5 and 6 , or before 1 Chronicles chapters 13 and 14? Shabbir Ally should have continued reading on further to 1 Chronicles 15, as he would then have seen that David brought the Ark after defeating the Philistines. The reason for this is that the Israelites moved the Ark of the covenant twice.
The first time, they moved it from Baal, prior to the defeat of the Philistines, as we see in 2 Samuel 5 and 6 and in 1 Chronicles However in 1 Chronicles, the order is as follows: the Ark was first moved from baal; then David defeated the Philistines; and finally, the Ark was moved from the House of Obed-Edom.
Therefore the two accounts are not contradictory at all. What we have here is simply one prophet choosing to give us the complete history of the Ark at once rather than referring to it later and another presenting the history in a different way. In both cases the timing of events is the same.
Following this, we read about Moses and Jesus, then we read about Moses and the golden calf, and then about Solomon and Abraham. If one wants to talk about chronology, what does Moses have to do with Jesus, or Solomon with Abraham? Light of Life II Category: misquoted the text This indeed is an odd question to raise. Why did Shabbir not mention the second half of this verse which stipulates 2 pairs in his challenge? It is obvious that there is no discrepancy between the two accounts.
The problem is the question itself. Shabbir attempts to back his argument by mentioning that verses 8 and 9 of chapter 7 prove that only two pairs went into the ark. However, these verses say nothing about two pairs entering the ark.
They simply say that it was pairs of clean and unclean animals or birds and creatures which entered the ark. The reason for including seven of the clean species is perfectly evident: they were to be used for sacrificial worship after the flood had receded as indeed they were, according to Genesis Obviously if there had not been more than two of each of these clean species, they would have been rendered extinct by their being sacrificed on the altar.
But in the case of the unclean animals and birds, a single pair would suffice, since they would not be needed for blood sacrifice. Archer Category: copyist error There are two possible solutions to these differing figures. The first by Keil and Delitzsh page is a most convincing solution.
The omission of rekeb might have occurred with an earlier scribe, and a reduction from 7, to would have then continued with the successive copies by later scribes. But in all probability the Chronicles figure is right and the Samuel numbers should be corrected to agree with that. A second solution starts from the premise that the number had been reduced to as it refers to rows, each consisting of 10 horse men, making a total of 7, Did Solomon have 40, stalls for his horses 1 Kings , or 4, stalls 2 Chronicles ?
Category: copyist error, or misunderstood the historical context There are a number of ways to answer these puzzling differences. The most plausible is analogous to what we found earlier in challenge numbers five and six above, where the decadal number has been rubbed out or distorted due to constant use. Others believe that the stalls mentioned in 2 Chronicles were large ones that housed 10 horses each that is, a row of ten stalls. Therefore 4, of these large stalls would be equivalent to 40, small ones.
We know that Solomon reigned for 40 years; no doubt, many changes occurred during this period. It is quite likely that he reduced the size of the military machine his father David had left him. Category: misunderstood the historical context, or copyist error There are two possible solutions to this problem. To begin with, scholars who have looked at these passages have concluded that the 36th year of Asa should be calculated from the withdrawal of the 10 tribes from Judah and Benjamin which brought about the division of the country into Judah and Israel.
If we look at it from this perspective, the 36th year of the divided monarchy would be in the 16th year of Asa. This is supported by the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel, as well as contemporary records, which follow this convention. Keil and Delitzsch pp. This problem is similar to question numbers five and six above. In this case, however, the numbers were written using Hebrew alphabetical type rather than the Egyptian multiple stroke type used in the Elephantine Papyri, referred to in questions 5 and 6.
It is therefore quite possible that the number 16 could quite easily be confused with The reason for this is that up through the seventh century BC the letter yod 10 greatly resembled the letter lamed 30 , except for two tiny strokes attached to the left of the main vertical strokes. It required only a smudge from excessive wear on this scroll-column to result in making the yod look like a lamed.
It is possible that this error occurred first in the earlier passage, in 2 Chronicles with its 35 wrongly copied from an original 15 ; then to make it consistent in , the same scribe or perhaps a later one concluded that 16 must be an error for 36 and changed it accordingly on his copy. Did Solomon appoint 3, overseers 2 Chronicles for the work of building the temple, or was it only 3, 1 Kings ? The most likely solution is that the author of 2 Chronicles included the men who were selected as reservists to take the place of any supervisors who would become ill or who had died, while the author of the 1 Kings passage includes only the supervisory force.
With the group as large as the 3,, sickness and death certainly did occur, requiring reserves who would be called up as the need arose. Did Solomon build a facility containing 2, baths 1 Kings , or over 3, baths 2 Chronicles ?
But when filled to its utmost capacity it received and held 3, baths. Thus the chronicler simply mentions the amount of water that would make the sea like a flowing spring rather than a still pool. This informs us that 3, gallons of water were required to completely fill the sea which usually held 2, gallons.
Another solution follows a theme mentioned earlier, that the number in Hebrew lettering for has been confounded by the scribe with a similar alphabetical number for the number 3, Because the text says that it was about 8cm thick and had a rim shaped like a lily. Therefore it depends on where you measure from.
The top or bottom of the rim or the inside or outside for the vessel would all give a different diameter; and depending on whether you measure at the top of the rim or at the narrower point, you would get a different circumference. In other words, Shabbir may well be getting baptized if someone can be bothered to make a replica! Haley pg. Are the numbers of Israelites freed from Babylonian captivity correct in Ezra Ezra , 8, 12, 15, 19, 28 or in Nehemiah Nehemiah , 13, 17, 20, 22, 32?
Of these 33 family units listed in Ezra and Nehemiah, nineteen of the family units are identical, while fourteen show discrepancies in the number of members within the family units though Shabbir only lists six of them. Two of the discrepancies differ by 1, one differs by 4, two by 6, two differ by 9, another differs by 11, another two by , another by , another differs by , a further family differs by , and the largest difference is the figure for the sons of Azgad, a difference of 1, between the accounts of Ezra 2 and Nehemiah 7.
How, then, are we to account for the 14 discrepancies? The answer is quite simple, and Shabbir, had he done any study into the history of these two accounts would never have bothered to waste his time in asking these questions.
The fact that there are both similarities and discrepancies side-by-side should have pointed him to the solution as well as you who are reading this are probably even now concluding. There are two important factors to bear in mind when looking at these discrepancies between the two lists.
The first is the probability that though members of the units or families had enrolled their names at first as intending to go; in the interval of preparation, some possibly died, others were prevented by sickness or other insurmountable obstacles, so that the final number who actually went was not the same as those who had intended to go.
Anyone who has planned a school-coach trip to the beach can understand how typical a scenario this really is. A second and more important factor are the different circumstances in which the two registers were taken, an important fact of which Shabbir seems to be acutely unaware. The lapse of so many years between the two lists between years would certainly make a difference in the numbers of each family through death or by other causes.
Most scholars believe that Nehemiah recorded those people who actually arrived at Jerusalem under the leadership of Zerubbabel and Jeshua in or BC Nehemiah Ezra, on the other hand, uses the earlier list of those who originally announced their intention to join the caravan of returning colonists back in Babylon, in the s BC. The discrepancies between these two lists point to the fact that there were new factors which arose to change their minds. Some may have fallen into disagreement, others may have discovered business reasons to delay their departure until later, whereas in some cases there were certainly some illnesses or death, and in other cases there may have been some last-minute recruits from those who first decided to remain in Babylon.
All the rest picked up last-minute recruits varying from one to 1, When we look at the names we find that certain names are mentioned in alternate forms. Among the Jews of that time as well as those living in the East , a person had a name, title, and surname.
Thus, the children of Hariph Nehemiah are the children of Jorah Ezra , while the children of Sia Nehemiah are also the children of Siaha Ezra When we take all these factors into consideration, the differences in totals that do appear in these two tallies should occasion no surprise whatsoever.
But Sura says that such a thing can't happen. But then Allah Muhammad? And it is not for ignorant people to question Allah because of such practices! Guiding to truth? And how do we know in which of Allah's categories of pleasure we fall? How sure can a Muslim be that he is one of those guided right and not one of those led astray? What is the punishment for adultery?
Flogging with a stripes men and women , "confine them to houses until death do claim them lifelong house arrest - for the women . For men: "If they repent and amend, leave them alone" .
And why is the punishment for women and men equal in Sura 24 but different in Sura 4? The Qur'an declares that everyone will be held responsible only for his own sins [S. Yet, the Qur'an accuses the Jews of Muhammad's day for the sins committed some years earlier by other Jews, e. Will Christians enter Paradise or go to Hell? Sura and say "Yes", Sura just 3 verses later and say "No". God alone or also men? Clear or incomprehensible? The Qur'an is "clear Arabic speech.
Actually, "men of understanding do grasp it. Saved , drowned [, , ]. When Commanded Pharaoh the Killing of the Sons? When Moses was a Prophet and spoke God's truth to Pharaoh  or when he was still an infant ? The angels and spirit descend therein, by the permission of their Lord, with all decrees. We revealed it on a blessed night. It is said to be the night on which Allah's decrees for the year are brought down to the earthly plane. In other words, matters of creation are decreed a year at a time.
Contradicting this, Sura says, "No affliction befalls in the earth or in your selves, but it is in a Book before we create it. All of the above is contradicted by "And every man's fate We have fastened to his own neck. Strong drink and Yet on the other hand in Paradise are rivers of wine [, also ,25]. How does Satan's handiwork get into Paradise? Good News of Painful Torture?
Obviously, announcing torment and suffering to anyone is bad news, not good news. However, the Qur'an announces the good news of painful torment [, , , , , , and ]. Jinns and men created for worship or for Hell? Created only to serve God [Sura ], many of them made for Hell [Sura ]. Preferred for Hell? Will people stay in Hell forever, or not?
Will all Muslims go to Hell? On a smaller scale, try asking a high school teacher what her or his class size is. The literal class size, on the other hand, can only acquired by physically counting the students in the room. That number is constantly varying. If I counted the students one minute, and then came back fifteen minutes later and counted the students again, chances are the number would be different the second time. If the population of a high school classroom varies so much, just imagine how much more the population of the entire Israelite congregation would vary!
To determine the literal population, they both conducted a census a counting of the congregation and added the totals. Chances are, the discrepancy between their totals is simply because they conducted their counting at slightly different times. Between the time that Ezra counted the people and the time that Nehemiah counted the people, several hundred Israelites could have left to go on a journey for any number of reasons, or they could have returned from a journey.
There is therefore no contradiction because both Ezra and Nehemiah accurately report the official estimate as well as the correct census data that they collected at the time of their respective counting. Did singers Ezra or singers Nehemiah accompany the assembly? There is no contradiction because Nehemiah accurately reports that there were singers total, whereas Ezra accurately reports that of the servants, of those servants were singers.
That leaves forty-five singers who were not also servants. The accounts of Ezra and Nehemiah do not contradict.
Maachah and Michaiah are the same name, because Maachah in Hebrew is short for Michaiah. Michaiah was the daughter of Uriel and Gibeah and the granddaughter of Absalom.
Joshua and the Israelites did Joshua ,40 or did not Joshua capture Jerusalem? Joshua simply states that they captured some kings. It never says that they captured Jerusalem. Verse Joshua states that Joshua killed all the kings, but it never says that he captured Jerusalem.
Joshua states that survivors fled to their fortified cities. This means that Joshua had not captured the fortified cities, which would include Jerusalem. Joshua then states that Joshua did not capture Jerusalem, which does not contradict but rather confirms chapter ten.
Matthew gives the genealogy of Joseph and Luke gives that of Mary. Both Mary and Joseph had an ancestor named Shealtiel. However, these are two different people named Shealtiel, a common Hebrew name. Because these are two different people, they had different fathers. One had a father named Neri. The other had a father named Jechoniah.
Both Mary and Joseph had an ancestor named Zerubbabel. These were two different people named Zerubbabel, so they had different sons. As for 1 Chronicles , as far as I can tell, the Zerubbabel listed there is just a third Zerubbabel. The Jewish writers of the New Testament applied this same Hebrew concept to the Greek language when they penned the gospels.
We therefore conclude that we find no contradiction between the accounts of Matthew and 2 Chronicles Were there fourteen Matthew or thirteen Matthew generations from the Babylonian exile until Christ? Matthew clearly states that there were fourteen generations. The thirteen generations in Matthew are simply because in that list the first person in the genealogy was not counted as a generation.
Canain also known as Canaan was a direct descendant of Ham, who was one of the other sons of Noah 1 Chronicles For example, Luke states that Jesus was the son of Joseph, but Luke previously stated that Jesus was born of a virgin.
For example, one can become a father through marriage or adoption. Of course, the gospel writers had no use for such modern terminology. Genesis 10 These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood: 11 And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.
John the Baptist was Matthew ; or was not Elijah to come John ? In the book of John, John the Baptist, not Jesus, says he was not. Matthew gives the genealogy of Joseph and Luke gives the genealogy of Mary. Jeremiah makes it clear that none of Joseph's physical descendants would sit on David's throne, since Joseph was a descendant of Jeconiah.
However, Jesus was not a physical descendant of Joseph. Joseph was not the father of Jesus. Jesus rode into Jerusalem on one colt Mark ; Luke ; John , or a colt and an ass Matthew ? Mark, Luke, and John all agree that Jesus rode on one colt. And it should be obvious that Jesus rode on one colt, since Jesus could not have ridden on two animals at once.
Of course, we know from Mark, Luke, and John, that Jesus was riding on the colt. Simon Peter finds out that Jesus was the Christ by a revelation from heaven Matthew , or by his brother Andrew John ? The revelation was from heaven, through his brother Andrew.
Both, actually. There they stayed for a few days. At this point in his ministry, Jesus had not yet begun to do a lot of public teaching and healing. Since they were fisherman, Andrew and Peter went fishing, by the Sea of Galilee. Then Matthew picks up the story, explaining how Jesus met up with Peter and Andrew again at the Sea of Galilee, and told them to follow him.
When Jesus met Jairus, his daughter 'had just died' Matthew , or was 'at the point of death' Mark ? Jesus allowed Mark , or did not allow Matthew ; Luke his disciples to keep a staff on their journey?
Jesus allowed his disciples to take their staffs with them, but they were not allowed to download new staffs on the journey. This is not a contradiction, since Herod never says in Luke that he did not think that Jesus was John the Baptist. Who, then, is this I hear such things about? John the Baptist did Matthew or did not John recognize Jesus before his baptism?
Rather, it says that the Holy Spirit revealed to John that it was Jesus. Therefore, John did recognize Jesus, as is confirmed in Matthew , because the Holy Spirit had revealed it to him. John the Baptist did John or did not Matthew recognize Jesus after his baptism? John 1 and Matthew 3 make it clear that John the Baptist did recognize Jesus before and after the baptism. When Jesus bears witness to himself, is his testimony not true John or is his testimony true John ?
In John , Jesus says: "If I testify about myself, my testimony is not valid. In John Chapter 5 Jesus is speaking about how he cannot claim himself to be the messiah unless he is fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies.
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That is, without fulfilling the prophecies spoken in the Old Testament. But as Jesus did fulfill the 22 Old Testament prophecies, and he was called the messiah by John the Baptist. Because he was fulfilling the prophecies, and others besides himself were claming that he was the messiah, then Jesus was indeed the messiah.
John says: "Then some Pharisees challenged him, 'Here you are, appearing as your own witness; your testimony is not valid. A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses. The Pharisees were taking a law that applied only to those accused of a crime, and they were trying to apply that law to the claims Jesus made about himself. Jesus also says that he knew exactly who he was, but they did not. When Jesus says in John that there is another that testifies in his favor, he is not only talking about John the Baptist, but the Father who sent him.
When Jesus entered Jerusalem he cleansed Matthew or did not cleanse Mark the temple that same day, but the next day? Matthew related the cleansing of the temple with the triumphal entry, even though the cleansing occurred the next day.
Keep in mind that verse 12 never actually says that when Jesus entered the temple it was immediately after his entry into Jerusalem. This agrees completely with the record in Mark Matthew says that the tree which Jesus cursed withered at once, whereas Mark maintains that it withered overnight. So if you want to know what order certain events happened in, read Mark instead of Matthew.Theres no contradiction here either, because in John , it never says that John didnt recognize Jesus.
Add three plus one plus three and the total number of years of famine is seven years. This is supported by the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel, as well as contemporary records, which follow this convention.
Jesus is telling them that they can take their staffs, but they cant take bread, bags, or money. We know from the chronological account found in 1 Chronicles that it was during this three month period when the Ark was at the house of Obed-Edom that the battle against the Philistines found in 2 Samuel 5 took place.
Contradictions in the Bible
When did David bring the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem? Joshua states that survivors fled to their fortified cities. This agrees completely with Joshua , which states that Judah could not dislodge the Jebusites in Jerusalem.