Explore and experiment with the Rainbow Piano Technique for free. We offer the first five pieces from the first edition and the color-code page as electronic PDF. Learn more about the first and second edition of the rainbow piano technique. Weight: 11 ounces. List price: $ (sold out). download the PDF for only $ Rainbow Piano Technique (c) Annie Wang Publications. The Color Code. This page shows the color for each pitch. As preparation, before playing the scores in .

Rainbow Piano Technique Pdf

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By virtue of being a Sphinx project, this book is also available in HTML, PDF, . the greatest pianist acquired his technique, it is little wonder that we did not have lead you to the rainbow, and Charity that your sacrifices and paying your dues . in the Hal Leonard Student Piano Library encourages practice Piano Theory Workbook, Piano Technique, Notespeller, Piano Solos, and Music Flash Cards. The Rainbow Piano Technique helps beginners learning to play the piano. The book contains the scores of 42 songs. Each note is colored according to its pitch; .

Body movements in piano performance may also serve communicative purposes such as to express emotional states or to coordinate with co-performers. Pianists control the timing and velocities of the individual piano hammers by varying the forces applied to the piano key surfaces, as well as to the three pedals through their feet.

The key forces are accomplished by coordinating the kinematic chain from their shoulders to the fingertips aligned with feet movements to manipulate the pedals.

As kinematic properties such as finger velocity covary with performance parameters tempo, dynamics, etc. The intrinsic way the fingers arrive at the piano key surface, referred to as piano touch i. Human movement and music are closely intertwined, not only because music necessarily requires human body motion to be generated but also because music induces the perception of movement in many different ways, such as with the impression of rising or falling of the pitch of a melody or a fast beat suggesting a fast musical movement able to drive humans to move and dance along with it Phillips-Silver This chapter focusses on the first, the highly skilled human movement that is required and precisely executed for and during playing the piano.

Purpose of Movement in Piano Performance Human movement in piano performance is primarily directed to produce sound imagined by the performing musician. In this light, by studying human movement during music performance, we measure an important behavioral dimension that is located in the middle of the artistic chain from the musical idea, the musical work to its realization in actual sound Bishop and Goebl With increasing skill, pianists more successfully connect the auditory image of the sound to be played with the internal motor command that is required to produce it, so that they can just think of the sound and the required movement arises automatically audio-motor integration, see e.

Wulf and Mornell Pianistic and Scientific Views on Piano Technique C onsidering human movement in piano performance is central for pianists, piano educators, and piano students themselves.

They are primarily interested in how these movements can be trained and optimized through practice to establish an unlimited virtuoso technique on the instrument while simultaneously minimizing the risk of injury.

Pianists require a minimum of 10, h or about 10 years of deliberate practice to achieve medium levels of expert performance skill; professional pianists exhibit even more Krampe and Ericsson Renowned pianists and piano educators have provided a wealth of writings describing different pedagogical and pianistic approaches to piano technique and how the piano ought to be played, ranging from pure verbal descriptions Neuhaus to using illustrative pictures or sequences of pictures to illustrate a particular movement as in Gat , for an overview see Gerig Pianistic accounts of how to play the piano and to develop a proper keyboard technique started to appear in the eighteenth century Couperin ; Bach with reference to a range of keyboard instruments of that period.

In the nineteenth century, when the piano developed to its modern form in tone compass and sound, pianism developed, as did theoretic writings about it.

While one method of piano playing in the nineteenth century, the finger school, emphasized having every action executed by the fingers alone, other parts of the kinematic chain, hands, wrists, and arms were fixated and unmoving e.

Clementi, J. Cramer, or N. Hummel, see Gerig ; MacRitchie Rainbow This terminology is often in conflict with what scientists actually find when analyzing piano technique experimentally. There is certainly no kind of piano technique that eliminates the muscular fixation of joints, be it only for short durations during a keystroke Ortmann , despite the statements of some piano schools e.

On the other hand, scientists have been studying piano technique systematically already for almost a century. First systematic approaches to quantitatively monitor arm and finger movements during piano performance were provided by the piano professor Otto Ortmann in Baltimore and the scientists Nikolai Bernstein and Tatiana Popova in Moscow see Bernstein and Popova for the German publication or the edited English translation by Kay et al. Bernstein and Popova measured and analyzed repeated octave strikes of professional pianists with an optical 2D motion capture system able to record up to fps called the kymocyclographic method and manipulated tempo and dynamics as independent variables.

They concluded that dynamics only changed the quantity of the arm movement while tempo changed its entire construction. As they started out from an artistic perspective, they implied that demonstrating fast movement at a slow tempo as well as practicing fast movements at a slow pace would therefore not make sense Kay et al.

They also conclude that arm weight is physiologically only relevant at slow tempi. This chapter attempts to reconcile some aspects of artistic and scientific approaches. The Scope of Piano Technique The pianists use the piano keyboard and the three pedals as interfaces to generate their intended sounds on a piano Goebl et al.

By controlling the variations of force applied by their fingertips to the piano key surfaces, they vary the timing and the speed with which the hammers strike the strings. There are certainly many other ways of producing sound on the piano keyboard, such as playing glissandi with the nail-side of the finger or playing note clusters with the fist or the entire lower arm, not to speak from the many possibilities to play directly on the strings or other parts inside the piano.

All possible timbral and dynamic variations on the piano are controlled by the exact timing and the speed of the usually 88 piano hammers in coordination with the dampers that regulate the duration of the sound by attenuating the string vibrations when released.

A damper is either held up by a pressed piano key, the sostenuto middle pedal that extends the lifting of selected dampers, or — most commonly — by the right pedal that lifts all of them at once, creating a rich vibrant sound. This control space is only amended by the una corda left pedal that shifts the piano action sideways to make the hammers strike only a subset of the one- to three-stringed courses, causing a variation in timbre and a prolonged acoustical decay Fletcher and Rossing The piano action interrupts the mechanical connection of the key and the hammer just before the hammer hits the strings escapement to allow the hammer to hit the strings and rebound from them freely Goebl et al.

The pianist loses control over the hammer at this point of escapement, which is adjusted by piano technicians as close to the piano strings as possible. The final hammer velocity is thus the only physical parameter controlling the intensity and the sound of an isolated piano tone, independent of the intrinsic acceleration pattern of the key.


Pianists make use of the entire kinematic chain of their arms, hands, and fingers that offer an unlimited number of possible movement combinations for a given task, usually referred to as the degree-of-freedom DOF problem Bernstein The scope of measurement techniques for assessing human movement in piano performance have to include kinematic posture, motion , kinetic dynamic and static forces and torques , and muscular contraction and co-contraction of antagonist muscles aspects, discussed in the following section.

State of the Art Measuring the movement effects inside the piano action has been easier and therefore more readily available for research than studying the human movements directly for an overview on measurement techniques, see Goebl et al.

Data derived from parts of the piano actions such as the hammer or key motion as provided by MIDI-based instruments or extracted from audio recordings have been used to study aspects of musical expression in piano performance by analyzing and modeling the performed realization itself see e.

In the following, we report approaches that make use of data of the movement effects or movement measurements, respectively. Measuring Movement Effects on the Piano Action Quantitative measurements of the key movements were attempted in the late nineteenth century by Binet and Courtier who used a graphical cylinder to record the air compression variations inside a rubber tube positioned under the piano keys.

More systematic investigations were reported by Ortmann who mounted a tuning fork onto a piano key, the vibrating end of which wrote oscillating traces into a piece of smoked glass during a keystroke, capturing the specific velocity profiles of the key. With this setup, Ortmann was able to analyze different playing techniques through the velocity profile of the piano key for more details and other approaches, see Goebl et al. MIDI-based instruments such as digital pianos, hybrid pianos, or reproducing pianos usually provide the exact information on the onset and offset timing and the dynamics in terms of a key or hammer velocity measure for each performed note Goebl and Bresin These data contain information on properties of the movements that generated those performance patterns.

For example, Jabusch et al.

Current reproducing pianos may also provide additional information on the key position history, an important component as it yields information on the type of touch used for a keystroke i. Similar data is provided by the custom-made gesture-sensing keyboard that measures key position optically McPherson and Kim Other measurement devices track the location of finger-key contact on the key surface with a capacitive foil glued on it McPherson or provide information on finger forces applied to the key force transducers underneath the keyboard, Parlitz et al.


There is still a trade-off between data detail, equipment complexity, and measurement intrusion. For example, a Microsoft Kinect depth camera allows unobtrusive recording of unequipped pianists on an acoustic piano but offers only coarse data on upper body and arm motion e.

In contrast, marker-based optical motion capture at the level of finger movements requires minimizing occlusion problems, by employing digital pianos that allow free camera sight to the fingertips from the front of the pianist that an acoustic piano prohibits due to its construction ; however, using a digital piano reduces ecological validity e. The earliest motion capture approaches employed tracking devices specially developed for the purpose of piano movement analysis.

Ortmann also explored the use of lightbulbs, attached to the wrist and fingers, which left a trace on a photo plate, to visualize a wide range of arm, hand, and finger movements Ortmann Using a similar basic principle, Bernstein and Popova also used active light-emitting markers mounted on the head, shoulder, elbow, and wrist to monitor the movement chain of a pianist performing repeated octave keystrokes at different dynamics and tempi.

These systems have the advantage of delivering clean data and correct marker mappings but are restricted in the number of markers and sampling rate and exhibit limitations in their size and cabling.

The idea of mechanical motion tracking developed after Ortmann , and more recent methods include, for example, electrogoniometers devices mounted on joints, see Chung et al. The number of markers is not limited, and sampling rates go up to about fps. To overcome the latter, cameras are placed such that they also monitor the movements from the front-side of the keyboard, which is only possible for digital pianos.

Piano Technique Walter Gieseking.djvu.pdf

The use of acoustic pianos is still an open challenge, as the key lid makes the front-side view impossible and fingertip occlusion is omnipresent. I think that it'd be most helpful for parents to use this book interactively with the child, such as by pointing out the colors and correct keys at the beginning, and by making up stories as the music goes.

After a month using the book, my daughter now plays half of the book. She loves the song "Skipping Frogs" and to describe how a princess meets a frog while she picks flowers near a stream, or how the dolphins swim along the waves in "Ode to Joy. The rainbow piano technique is one of the most educational and pedagogical piano methods that I have seen so far in the market. I play music for more than 20 years and I can say that this is a method that I recommend for kids. Actually the method is so simple and pedagogical that I would recommend it even to adults and parents who have no idea about music and they would like to have a nice and smooth introduction to it.

I wish methods like the rainbow piano method were available when I was kid during my first introductory steps into music. This rainbow piano technique is amazing! After one year of piano lessons, my 5 years old son still can't play nor can he sit in front of the piano for more than 10 minutes.

But after I bought this book, he love to match the color and play the songs. He is so proud that he can play songs for us. I was very impressed that this book really open his door to music.

He can play all the songs from this book within a month. I am looking forward to download the second book from this Rainbow series. Thanks for opening my son's music talent! I gave the book a try as an adult learner with very little musical experience. It was very easy to start playing simple songs with the colored keys, but I was quite surprised how quickly I could start reading sheet music without the colors. Although the book and song selections are definitely oriented towards children, I think adults with little piano or sheet music reading ability can also benefit from the book, and perhaps even learn together with their children.

We love using Rainbow Piano Technique. More importantly, our daughter, 3, loves it. She had an immediate response, picking up a full measure of music within minutes.

She started playing songs in it, left hand and right hand, within three weeks. The color tabs let her read the music without stress. The music is familiar children's songs, and Annie Wang seems to have done a good job in making them sound fresh.

We are truly delighted with the book.

The visual way to learn your technique!

We wanted to give our daughter the gift of music, and this turns out to be an excellent start to that dream. The book is of very poor quality, and the color markers need to be taped on every time. I later realized that most of the 5 star reviews on this book seem to be from the Pasadena-SoCal area, where the creators of the book are from. I'm assuming that they just got a few friends to give the book 5 stars on site to help it sell or something.

I bought this book for my son. When I received this book, I was disappointed. The price is too expensive for the quality. For this price, at least self-adhesive stickers for the colored markers should be provided instead of cutting out from the book and tape it on the piano keyboard. My son also showed little interest in the book. See all 8 reviews. Pages with related products. See and discover other items: There's a problem loading this menu right now.

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siteGlobal Ship Orders Internationally.See all 8 reviews. Notify me of new posts by email. Don't ever leave me. For a couple of months, she was playing with one finger.

We love using Rainbow Piano Technique.

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