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The Great Gatsby PDF Free. 39 likes. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is a Novel that everyone must have a read. Download The Great Gatsby. The Great Gatsby is a novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a "Celestial Eyes: From Metamorphosis to Masterpiece" (PDF). Princeton University Library Chronicle. 53 (2): – Retrieved 27 July (originally. Language: English. The Great Gatsby follows a cast of characters living in the fictional town of West Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of

Scott Fitzgerald - the guy who so brilliantly described it all, but who continued to live the life his character failed to see for what it was. The Great Gatsby is a story about the lavish excesses meant to serve every little whim of the rich and wannabe-rich in the splendid but unsatisfying in their shallow emptiness glitzy and gaudy post-war years, and the resulting suffocation under the uselessness and unexpected oppressiveness of elusive American dream in the time when money was plenty and the alluring seemingly dream life was just around the corner, just within reach.

But first and foremost, it is a story of disillusionment with dreams that prove to be shallow and unworthy of the dreamer - while at the same time firmly hanging on to the idea of the dream, the ability to dream big, and the stubborn tenacity of the dreamer, 'an extraordinary gift for hope, a romantic readiness such as I have never found in any other person and which it is not likely I shall ever find again'.

This is why Gatsby is still so relevant in the world we live in - almost a hundred years after Fitzgerald wrote it in the Roaring Twenties - the present-day world that still worships money and views it as a substitute for the American dream, the world that hinges on materialism, the world that no longer frowns on the gaudiness and glitz of the nouveau riche.

In this world Jay Gatsby, poor old sport, with his huge tasteless mansion and lavish tasteless parties and in-your-face tasteless car and tasteless pink suit would be, perhaps, quietly sniggered at - but would have fit in without the need for aristocratic breeding - who cares if he has the money and the ability to throw parties worthy of reality show fame???

Because in the present world just the fact of having heaps of money makes you worthy - and therefore the people whose 'voices are full of money', who are 'gleaming like silver, safe and proud above the hot struggles of the poor', people who genuinely believe that money makes them worthy and invincible are all too common.

Tom and Daisy Buchanan would be proud of them. He was very easy to follow and understand. Sad to think that the author died thinking he was a failure. I found it to be a masterpiece. When the story gets quit lively its hard to get the full impact because of the monotone.

Good Book 4 stars Zachery E. I recently took up switching between print and audiobooks, and I have no regrets putting this on my reading list, and I liked the reader.

Very good story and reader 5 stars I enjoyed the story a lot and the reader did a really good job. Considered to be Fitzgerald's magnum opus , The Great Gatsby explores themes of decadence , idealism , resistance to change, social upheaval, and excess, creating a portrait of the Roaring Twenties that has been described as a cautionary tale regarding the American Dream.

Fitzgerald—inspired by the parties he had attended while visiting Long Island's North Shore —began planning the novel in , desiring to produce, in his words, "something new —something extraordinary and beautiful and simple and intricately patterned.

His editor, Maxwell Perkins , felt the book was vague and persuaded the author to revise over the following winter. Fitzgerald was repeatedly ambivalent about the book's title and he considered a variety of alternatives, including titles that referred to the Roman character Trimalchio ; the title he was last documented to have desired was Under the Red, White, and Blue.

First published by Scribner's in April , The Great Gatsby received mixed reviews and sold poorly; in its first year, the book sold only 20, copies.

Fitzgerald died in , believing himself to be a failure and his work forgotten. However, the novel experienced a revival during World War II , and became a part of American high school curricula and numerous stage and film adaptations in the following decades.

Today, The Great Gatsby is widely considered to be a literary classic and a contender for the title " Great American Novel. Set on the prosperous Long Island of , The Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of America during the Roaring Twenties within its fictional narrative.

That era, known for widespread economic prosperity, the development of jazz music, flapper culture, new technologies in communication motion pictures, broadcast radio, recorded music forging a genuine mass culture, and bootlegging , along with other criminal activity, is plausibly depicted in Fitzgerald's novel.

Fitzgerald uses many of these societal developments of the s to build Gatsby's stories, from many of the simple details like automobiles to broader themes like Fitzgerald's discreet allusions to the organized crime culture which was the source of Gatsby's fortune.

Fitzgerald's visits to Long Island's North Shore and his experience attending parties at mansions inspired The Great Gatsby ' s setting. Today, there are a number of theories as to which mansion was the inspiration for the book. Fitzgerald was a young man from Minnesota, and, like Nick, who went to Yale , he was educated at an Ivy League school, Princeton.

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Fitzgerald is also similar to Jay Gatsby in that he fell in love while stationed far from home in the military and fell into a life of decadence trying to prove himself to the girl he loved. Fitzgerald became a second lieutenant and was stationed at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama. There he met and fell in love with a wild year-old beauty named Zelda Sayre. Zelda finally agreed to marry him, but her preference for wealth, fun, and leisure led her to delay their wedding until he could prove a success.

Like Gatsby, Fitzgerald was driven by his love for a woman who symbolized everything he wanted, even as she led him toward everything he despised.

In her book Careless People: In the summer of , Nick Carraway, a Yale graduate and veteran of the Great War from the Midwest —who serves as the novel's narrator—takes a job in New York as a bond salesman. He rents a small house on Long Island , in the fictional village of West Egg, next door to the lavish mansion of Jay Gatsby , a mysterious multi-millionaire who holds extravagant parties but does not participate in them. Nick drives around the bay to East Egg for dinner at the home of his beautiful cousin, Daisy Fay Buchanan, and her husband, Tom, a college acquaintance of Nick's.

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They introduce Nick to Jordan Baker, an attractive, cynical young golfer. She reveals to Nick that Tom has a mistress , Myrtle Wilson, who lives in the " valley of ashes ," [10] an industrial dumping ground between West Egg and New York City. Not long after this revelation, Nick travels to New York City with Tom and Myrtle to an apartment that Tom uses like a hotel room for Myrtle, as well as other women with whom he also sleeps.

At Tom's New York apartment, a vulgar and bizarre party takes place. It ends with Tom physically abusing Myrtle, breaking her nose in the process, after she says Daisy's name several times, which makes him angry. Nick eventually receives an invitation to one of Gatsby's parties. Nick encounters Jordan Baker at the party and they meet Gatsby himself, an aloof and surprisingly young man who recognizes Nick because they were in the same division in the Great War. Through Jordan, Nick later learns that Gatsby knew Daisy through a purely chance meeting in when Daisy and her friends were doing volunteer service work with young officers headed to Europe.

From their brief meetings and casual encounters at that time, Gatsby became and still is deeply in love with Daisy. Gatsby had hoped that his wild parties would attract an unsuspecting Daisy, who lived across the bay, to appear at his doorstep and allow him to present himself as a man of wealth and position.

Having developed a budding friendship with Nick, Gatsby uses him to arrange a reunion between himself and Daisy. Nick invites Daisy to have tea at his house without telling her that Gatsby will also be there.

After an initially awkward reunion, Gatsby takes Nick and Daisy to his large mansion in an attempt to show Daisy his wealth and sophistication.

Daisy, Nick and Gatsby spend the day enjoying all the activities Gatsby can provide and Nick realises Daisy is still in love with Gatsby. Soon, the two begin an affair. At a luncheon at the Buchanan estate, Daisy speaks to Gatsby with such undisguised intimacy that Tom realizes she is in love with Gatsby.

Though Tom is himself an adulterer, he is outraged by his wife's infidelity. He forces the group to drive into New York City and confronts Gatsby in a suite at the Plaza Hotel , asserting that he and Daisy have a history that Gatsby could never understand. In addition to that, he announces to his wife that Gatsby is a criminal whose fortune comes from bootlegging alcohol and other illegal activities.

Daisy decides to stay with Tom, and Tom contemptuously sends her back to East Egg with Gatsby, attempting to prove that Gatsby cannot hurt him. On the way back, Gatsby's car strikes and kills Tom's mistress, Myrtle. Nick later learns from Gatsby that Daisy, not Gatsby himself, was driving the car at the time of the accident.

Myrtle's husband, George Wilson, falsely concludes that the driver of the yellow car is the secret lover he suspects his wife had. George learns during his confrontation with Tom that the yellow car is Jay Gatsby's, fatally shoots Gatsby, and then turns the gun on himself.

Nick organizes a funeral for Gatsby, but only one of Gatsby's party-goers and his estranged father, Henry Gatz, attend.

None of Gatsby's business associates come nor does Daisy. Disillusioned with the East, Nick moves back to the Midwest. Fitzgerald began planning his third novel in June , [4] but it was interrupted by production of his play, The Vegetable , in the summer and fall. The town was used as the scene of The Great Gatsby. By mid, Fitzgerald had written 18, words for his novel, [28] but discarded most of his new story as a false start.

Some of it, however, resurfaced in the short story "Absolution. Work on The Great Gatsby began in earnest in April Fitzgerald wrote in his ledger, "Out of woods at last and starting novel.

Content after a few rounds of revision, Fitzgerald returned the final batch of revised galleys in the middle of February The cover of the first printing of The Great Gatsby is among the most celebrated pieces of art in American literature. A little-known artist named Francis Cugat was commissioned to illustrate the book while Fitzgerald was in the midst of writing it.

Eckleburg [39] depicted on a faded commercial billboard near George Wilson's auto repair shop , which Fitzgerald described as "blue and gigantic—their retinas [note 2] are one yard high. They look out of no face, but instead, from a pair of enormous yellow spectacles which pass over a non-existent nose. He said he had liked the jacket and now he didn't like it. Fitzgerald had difficulty choosing a title for his novel and entertained many choices before reluctantly choosing The Great Gatsby , [41] a title inspired by Alain-Fournier 's Le Grand Meaulnes.

In November , Fitzgerald wrote to Perkins that "I have now decided to stick to the title I put on the book Trimalchio in West Egg ," [47] but was eventually persuaded that the reference was too obscure and that people would not be able to pronounce it.

On March 19, , [50] Fitzgerald expressed intense enthusiasm for the title Under the Red, White and Blue , but it was at that stage too late to change.

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Early drafts of the novel have been published under the title Trimalchio: Another difference is that the argument between Tom Buchanan and Gatsby is more even, [57] although Daisy still returns to Tom. Sarah Churchwell sees The Great Gatsby as a "cautionary tale of the decadent downside of the American dream.

The book in stark relief through the narrator, Nick Carraway, observes that: Journalist Nick Gillespie sees The Great Gatsby as a story of the underlying permanence of class differences, even "in the face of a modern economy based not on status and inherited position but on innovation and an ability to meet ever-changing consumer needs. Americans from the s to the 21st century have plenty of experience with changing economic and social circumstances. As Gillespie states, "While the specific terms of the equation are always changing, it's easy to see echoes of Gatsby ' s basic conflict between established sources of economic and cultural power and upstarts in virtually all aspects of American society.

Later critical writings on The Great Gatsby , following the novel's revival, focus in particular on Fitzgerald's disillusionment with the American Dream—life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness—in the context of the hedonistic Jazz Age, a name for the era which Fitzgerald said he had coined. In , Roger Pearson published "Gatsby: He concludes that the American dream pursued by Gatsby "is, in reality, a nightmare," bringing nothing but discontent and disillusionment to those who chase it as they realize that it is unsustainable and ultimately unattainable.

In addition to exploring the trials and tribulations of achieving the great American dream during the Jazz Age, The Great Gatsby explores societal gender expectations as a theme, exemplifying in Daisy Buchanan's character the marginalization of women in the East Egg social class that Fitzgerald depicts.

As an upper-class white woman living in East Egg during this time period, Daisy must adhere to certain societal expectations, including but certainly not limited to actively filling the role of dutiful wife, mother, keeper of the house, and charming socialite. As the reader finds in the novel, many of Daisy's choices, ultimately culminating in the tragedy of the plot and misery for all those involved, can be at least partly attributed to her prescribed role as a "beautiful little fool" who is completely reliant on her husband for financial and societal security.

For instance, one could argue that Daisy's ultimate decision to remain with her husband despite her feelings for Gatsby can be attributed to the status, security, and comfort that her marriage to Tom Buchanan provides. Additionally, the theme of the female familial role within The Great Gatsby goes hand in hand with that of the ideal family unit associated with the great American dream—a dream that goes unrealized for Gatsby and Daisy in Fitzgerald's prose.

The green light that shines at the end of the dock of Daisy's house across the Sound from Gatsby's house is frequently mentioned in the background of the plot.

It has variously been interpreted as a symbol of Gatsby's longing for Daisy and, more broadly, of the American dream. Fitzgerald called Perkins on the day of publication to monitor reviews: Eliot , Edith Wharton , and Willa Cather regarding the novel; however, this was private opinion, and Fitzgerald feverishly demanded the public recognition of reviewers and readers.

The Great Gatsby received mixed reviews from literary critics of the day. Generally the most effusive of the positive reviews was Edwin Clark of The New York Times , who felt the novel was "A curious book, a mystical, glamourous [ sic ] story of today.

Ford of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "[the novel] leaves the reader in a mood of chastened wonder," calling the book "a revelation of life" and "a work of art. His style fairly scintillates, and with a genuine brilliance; he writes surely and soundly.

Mencken called the book "in form no more than a glorified anecdote, and not too probable at that," while praising the book's "careful and brilliant finish.

Several writers felt that the novel left much to be desired following Fitzgerald's previous works and promptly criticized him. Louis Post-Dispatch felt the book lacked what made Fitzgerald's earlier novels endearing and called the book "a minor performance At the moment, its author seems a bit bored and tired and cynical. Fitzgerald is not one of the great American writers of to-day.

Fitzgerald's goal was to produce a literary work which would truly prove himself as a writer, [77] and Gatsby did not have the commercial success of his two previous novels, This Side of Paradise and The Beautiful and Damned. Although the novel went through two initial printings, some of these copies remained unsold years later. Like many of Fitzgerald's works, The Great Gatsby has been accused of displaying anti-Semitism through the use of Jewish stereotypes.

Richard Levy, author of Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution , claims that Wolfsheim "pointedly connected Jewishness and crookedness.

In the film adaptation of the book, director Baz Luhrmann admitted that the ethnic stereotypes were problematic for casting Wolfsheim's part. The role eventually went to Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan , but David Denby noted in The New Yorker that "the gangster's name remains Wolfsheim and Tom later refers to him as 'that kike.

He notes the accounts of Frances Kroll, a Jewish woman and secretary to Fitzgerald, who claimed that Fitzgerald was hurt by accusations of anti-Semitism and responded to critiques of Wolfsheim by claiming that he merely "fulfilled a function in the story and had nothing to do with race or religion.

In , Fitzgerald suffered a third and fatal heart attack, and died believing his work forgotten. In , a group of publishing executives created the Council on Books in Wartime. The Council's purpose was to distribute paperback books to soldiers fighting in the Second World War.

The Great Gatsby was one of these books.

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The books proved to be "as popular as pin-up girls " among the soldiers, according to the Saturday Evening Post ' s contemporary report. By , full-length articles on Fitzgerald's works were being published, and the following year, "the opinion that Gatsby was merely a period piece had almost entirely disappeared.Scott Fitzgerald Ventures".

I have always looked forward to reading the classic book The Great Gatsby by F.

But about Fitzgerald--I'm reminded of Eliot's phrase "infinitely gentle, infinitely suffering Set on the prosperous Long Island of , The Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of America during the Roaring Twenties within its fictional narrative. His editor, Maxwell Perkins , felt the book was vague and persuaded the author to revise over the following winter. Scott Fitzgerald Review. Gatsby comes across as more confident and aggressive in 'Trimalchio' during a confrontation with romantic rival Tom Buchanan at the Plaza Hotel, challenging Tom's assertion that Gatsby and Daisy's affair is 'a harmless little flirtation.

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