BIPOLAR BOZUKLUK PDF

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İki uçlu bozukluk hastaları yaşamlarının üçte birini depresyonda geçirdikleri için Although the treatment of bipolar depression remains an understudied area. Anahtar sözcükler:Bipolar bozukluk, obsesif kompulsif bozukluk, tedavi durum bozukluğu olan bipolar bozukluk (BPB) ile anksiyete bozukluklarının birlikteliği. Çocuk ve ergenlik başlangıçlı bipolar bozukluk ciddi ailesel ve akademik Şimdiye kadar çocuk ve ergenlerde bipolar bozukluk akut mani.


Bipolar Bozukluk Pdf

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bipolar bozukluk, meme ve prostat kanseri, koroner arter hastalığı, Chron's Anahtar Sözcükler: Bipolar bozukluk, kanser, psikotrop ilaçlar. Özet. Bipolar bozukluk, belli bir düzen olmaksızın tekrarlayan depresyon, mani ya da her ikisini de kapsa- yan karma ataklar ile giden ve bu ataklar arasında. REMİSYONDA ŞİZOFRENİ VE BİPOLAR BOZUKLUK. HASTALARINDA ZİHİN KURAMI BOZUKLUKLARININ. İÇGÖRÜ VE DİĞER BİLİŞSEL.

The doctor can complete a physical exam to rule out other conditions. If the problems are not caused by other illnesses, the doctor may conduct a mental health evaluation or provide a referral to a trained mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, who is experienced in diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder.

Signs and Symptoms

Note for Health Care Providers: People with bipolar disorder are more likely to seek help when they are depressed than when experiencing mania or hypomania. Therefore, a careful medical history is needed to ensure that bipolar disorder is not mistakenly diagnosed as major depression.

Unlike people with bipolar disorder, people who have depression only also called unipolar depression do not experience mania. They may, however, experience some manic symptoms at the same time, which is also known as major depressive disorder with mixed features.

Bipolar Disorder and Other Illnesses Some bipolar disorder symptoms are similar to other illnesses, which can make it hard for a doctor to make a diagnosis. In addition, many people have bipolar disorder along with another illness such as anxiety disorder, substance abuse, or an eating disorder. People with bipolar disorder are also at higher risk for thyroid disease, migraine headaches, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses.

Psychosis: Sometimes, a person with severe episodes of mania or depression also has psychotic symptoms , such as hallucinations or delusions. For example: Someone having psychotic symptoms during a manic episode may believe she is famous, has a lot of money, or has special powers. Someone having psychotic symptoms during a depressive episode may believe he is ruined and penniless, or that he has committed a crime.

As a result, people with bipolar disorder who also have psychotic symptoms are sometimes misdiagnosed with schizophrenia.

Signs and Symptoms

Substance Abuse: People with bipolar disorder may also misuse alcohol or drugs, have relationship problems, or perform poorly in school or at work.

Family, friends and people experiencing symptoms may not recognize these problems as signs of a major mental illness such as bipolar disorder. Risk Factors Scientists are studying the possible causes of bipolar disorder.

Most agree that there is no single cause. Instead, it is likely that many factors contribute to the illness or increase risk. Brain Structure and Functioning: Some studies show how the brains of people with bipolar disorder may differ from the brains of healthy people or people with other mental disorders. Learning more about these differences, along with new information from genetic studies, helps scientists better understand bipolar disorder and predict which types of treatment will work most effectively.

Genetics: Some research suggests that people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others. But genes are not the only risk factor for bipolar disorder. Studies of identical twins have shown that even if one twin develops bipolar disorder, the other twin does not always develop the disorder, despite the fact that identical twins share all of the same genes.

Family History: Bipolar disorder tends to run in families. Children with a parent or sibling who has bipolar disorder are much more likely to develop the illness, compared with children who do not have a family history of the disorder. However, it is important to note that most people with a family history of bipolar disorder will not develop the illness.

Treatments and Therapies Treatment helps many people—even those with the most severe forms of bipolar disorder—gain better control of their mood swings and other bipolar symptoms.

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness. Episodes of mania and depression typically come back over time. Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder are free of mood changes, but some people may have lingering symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment helps to control these symptoms. Medications Different types of medications can help control symptoms of bipolar disorder.

An individual may need to try several different medications before finding ones that work best. Medications generally used to treat bipolar disorder include: Mood stabilizers Antidepressants Anyone taking a medication should: Talk with a doctor or a pharmacist to understand the risks and benefits of the medication Report any concerns about side effects to a doctor right away.

The doctor may need to change the dose or try a different medication. Avoid stopping a medication without talking to a doctor first. Other uncomfortable or potentially dangerous withdrawal effects are also possible. Report serious side effects to the U. Clients and doctors may send reports.

Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder are free of mood changes, but some people may have lingering symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment helps to control these symptoms. Medications Different types of medications can help control symptoms of bipolar disorder.

An individual may need to try several different medications before finding ones that work best. Medications generally used to treat bipolar disorder include: Mood stabilizers Antidepressants Anyone taking a medication should: Talk with a doctor or a pharmacist to understand the risks and benefits of the medication Report any concerns about side effects to a doctor right away.

The doctor may need to change the dose or try a different medication. Avoid stopping a medication without talking to a doctor first. Other uncomfortable or potentially dangerous withdrawal effects are also possible.

Report serious side effects to the U.

Türkiye'de Bipolar Bozukluk Bipolar Disorder in Turkey

Clients and doctors may send reports. For the most up-to-date information on medications, side effects, and warnings, visit the FDA website. It can provide support, education, and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families.

Sometimes ECT is used for bipolar symptoms when other medical conditions, including pregnancy, make taking medications too risky. ECT may cause some short-term side effects, including confusion, disorientation, and memory loss. People with bipolar disorder should discuss possible benefits and risks of ECT with a qualified health professional.

Sleep Medications: People with bipolar disorder who have trouble sleeping usually find that treatment is helpful. However, if sleeplessness does not improve, a doctor may suggest a change in medications.

If the problem continues, the doctor may prescribe sedatives or other sleep medications. Supplements: Not much research has been conducted on herbal or natural supplements and how they may affect bipolar disorder.

It is important for a doctor to know about all prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and supplements a client is taking. Certain medications and supplements taken together may cause unwanted or dangerous effects. Keeping a Life Chart: Even with proper treatment, mood changes can occur. Treatment is more effective when a client and doctor work closely together and talk openly about concerns and choices.

Keeping a life chart that records daily mood symptoms, treatments, sleep patterns, and life events can help clients and doctors track and treat bipolar disorder most effectively. Finding Treatment A family doctor is a good resource and can be the first stop in searching for help.

The service is available to anyone. All calls are confidential. If you are thinking about harming yourself or thinking about suicide: Tell someone who can help right away Call your licensed mental health professional if you are already working with one Call your doctor Go to the nearest hospital emergency department If a loved one is considering suicide: Do not leave him or her alone Try to get your loved one to seek immediate help from a doctor or the nearest hospital emergency room, or call 911 Remove access to firearms or other potential tools for suicide, including medications Join a Study Clinical trials are research studies that look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat diseases and conditions, including bipolar disorder.

During clinical trials, treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures or devices, or new ways to use existing treatments.

Bipolar Disorder

The goal of clinical trials is to determine if a new test or treatment works and is safe. Although individual participants may benefit from being part of a clinical trial, participants should be aware that the primary purpose of a clinical trial is to gain new scientific knowledge so that others may be better helped in the future.

Please Note: Decisions about whether to apply for a clinical trial and which ones are best suited for a given individual are best made in collaboration with your licensed health professional.

Scientists at NIMH study many subjects including cognition, genetics, epidemiology, and psychiatry. After the initial phone interview, participants come to an appointment at the clinic and meet with a clinician. To find a clinical trial anywhere in the world, visit ClinicalTrials.

This is a searchable database of federally and privately supported clinical trials conducted in the United States and around the globe.

Anyone interested in joining a clinical trial should consult a health professional before making a commitment. Learn More Free Booklets and Brochures Bipolar Disorder: A brochure on bipolar disorderthat offers basic information on signs and symptoms, treatment, and finding help. Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens: A brochure on bipolar disorder in children and teens that offers basic information on signs and symptoms, treatment, and finding help.Children with a parent or sibling who has bipolar disorder are much more likely to develop the illness, compared with children who do not have a family history of the disorder.

The patient told that her symptoms first appeared at sixth grade after she started wearing glasses, and was afraid of disgracing herself, felt unhappy, could not feel well even when something good happened, but her appetite and sleep were fine. She was alert, oriented, but did not have any problems with attention, memory or perception.

The doctor can complete a physical exam to rule out other conditions. Bipolar spectrum disorders are recurrent and result in significant disruptions in interpersonal relationships and social contexts. It has been proposed that the hard and soft Zurich criteria are more sensitive to diagnose hypomania, and that it may detect minor bipolar mood disorders and mild depression 49. Impulsivity and aggressiveness in bipolar disorder with co-morbid borderline personality disorder.

Gender differences in the phenomenology of bipolar disorder.

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