PREGNANCY DAY BY DAY EBOOK

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Read "Your Pregnancy Day by Day Watch Your Baby Grow as You Enjoy a Healthy Pregnancy" by Stuart Campbell available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today. Pregnancy Day By Day Similar Free eBooks Day Trading for Dummies (3rd Edition).pdf Published by: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., River Street Day T. Pregnancy Day By bestthing.info - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read book online for free. pregnancy book by DK.


Pregnancy Day By Day Ebook

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The complete guide to pregnancy, day-by-day No other pregnancy book provides this level of detail, allied with such extraordinary photographs. For expectant parents who want to know everything about their developing baby at every stage, Pregnancy Day by Day provides a daily. The Pregnancy Book, including the mothers and fathers, medical and health planner) at bestthing.info .. test from the first day that you miss .

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Stay in Touch Sign up. We are experiencing technical difficulties. Please try again later. O Adjust your expectations; pregnancy is not a time to go for personal bests. O Build your strength, but do this gradually. Focus on your back, shoulders, chest, and lower body.

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O Practice Kegel exercises see p. O Breathe properly while exercising, especially when lifting weights. O Protect your back when getting up from a lying position: O Avoid exercises that feel awkward or uncomfortable.

O Focus on posture and alignment. O Stop immediately and seek advice if you feel severe localized pain, vaginal bleeding, or general unwellness.

O Eat frequent small meals and snacks. O Exercise in a hot or humid environment. O Do jerky or bouncy moves or twist or rotate your abdomen. O Lift weights that are too heavy.

O Do sports where you risk falling, such as skiing or horseback riding. O Overstretch: O Exercise to exhaustion. If youre tired, decrease the intensity or duration. Get an hours rest for each hour of exercise.

Sex and relationships You may find that you and your partner need to adapt to the emotional and physical changes that accompany pregnancy. In a low-risk pregnancy, sex is perfectly safe, although your levels of desire may fluctuate throughout pregnancy. Most women report that their interest in sex is the same or slightly reduced in the first trimester.

In the second trimester, it varies from woman to woman, and in the third trimester libido often falls. An intimate pregnancy During pregnancy, fatigue, feelings of insecurity about your new shape, and concerns about the safety of sex can all take their toll on your relationship.

Allowing yourself time to adjust and keeping the channels of communication open will help you and your partner enjoy this new stage in your relationship. How your partner feels As with women, men display a range of feelings toward sex in pregnancy.

While some may find their partners new, fuller shape particularly sensuous, others may feel apprehensive about sex, fearing that they may harm the baby.

Congratulations! Be Prepare, Be Aware And Be Happy

Some men may feel a combination of these emotions. Unless there are concerns about your pregnancy see right , its generally thought that sex wont cause harm, since your baby is well protected by the amniotic fluid and your uterus. Spending time touching and caressing can help you and your partner maintain feelings of closeness and intimacy.

When to seek advice Some women experience vaginal bleeding after sex in pregnancy. This is most likely to be harmless and is often caused by the increased blood flow to the cervix in pregnancy, which can cause it to bleed on contact with your partners penis. If this is the cause, the bleeding should resolve after the birth. However, since there are other possible causes, report any bleeding to your doctor.

In addition to the size of your belly causing discomfort during sex, some women experience pain during sex toward the end of pregnancy as the baby moves farther into the pelvis; or they may find that the contractions that can accompany orgasm become increasingly uncomfortable. These symptoms are unlikely to be a cause for concern, but its worth mentioning them to your doctor for reassurance. There are some circumstances in late pregnancy when intercourse may not be safe.

This can be the case if youve had a. If you have any concerns, dont be afraid to ask your doctor for advice. Being able to enjoy sex in pregnancy will help you and your partner feel close during this time of transition. Indeed, psychologists have found that couples who enjoy sex in pregnancy are more tender toward each other and communicate better after the birth.

During the first trimester, the hormonal changes that cause nausea, vomiting, and fatigue can naturally result in a reduced interest in sex. However, other pregnancy changes may increase your desire, such as an increased blood flow, which produces swelling in the clitoris and labia and extra vaginal secretions. In the second trimester especially, vaginal lubrication and intensity of orgasm can increase, which may be accompanied by gentle contractions; these are normal and are nothing to worry about.

Many women find that their libido falls toward the end of pregnancy since a bigger belly makes sex more awkward and uncomfortable, and they may also feel increasingly anxious about the birth.

Illnesses and medication Knowing how to manage illness and what medications are safe to take is important to protect your own and your babys health. Whether you have a preexisting medical condition, or acquire an illness or infection during pregnancy, always consult your doctor before taking medication or before stopping any prescribed medication. If you have a condition such as high blood pressure or diabetes prior to pregnancy, your pregnancy will be classified as high risk and youll need to be monitored carefully.

If you become pregnant while taking medication for a condition, dont stop taking the medication, but consult your doctor as soon as possible. You may find that your existing medication is safe, or you may need to change to another type of medication.

The most important thing is to control your condition during pregnancy to minimize the risks to you and your baby, which will usually mean continuing with medication.

Diabetes If you have diabetes and are planning to conceive, you need to get advice on how to manage your condition. Meet with your doctor while you're thinking about conceiving to discuss the best way to control your blood sugar levels and talk about how diabetes will be managed in pregnancy.

Women with diabetes are advised to take a prenatal vitamin with folic acid before trying to conceive and for the first three months of pregnancy. Diabetic women who are overweight may be advised to lose weight before getting pregnant, and theyll likely be told to monitor their blood sugar more frequently and take their medications on time during their pregnancy.

As soon as youre pregnant, you should be referred to an obstetrician who specializes in pregnancy and diabetes where youll receive extra care.

You will have more frequent prenatal visits, additional scans, and extra blood tests to monitor your blood sugars. The better your blood sugar control, the less likely you or your baby is to experience problems during pregnancy. Since diabetic women have an increased risk of late pregnancy problems such as preeclampsia see. Once in labor, your blood sugar levels will be closely monitored, and you will probably be given an insulin IV. After the birth, your babys blood sugar levels will be closely monitored too for around 24 hours.

If youre planning to breastfeed, which is recommended, your insulin dose may need to be changed after the birth. Epilepsy If you have epilepsy, its very important to discuss pregnancy with your doctor before you become pregnant, since certain drugs carry a small risk of causing harm to the developing baby.

Nonetheless, its also important that your epilepsy is controlled, so your doctor will try to ensure that youre on. Diabetes is controlled with daily insulin injections in pregnancy. As the skin on your abdomen becomes taut, you may find it easier to inject into the fatty tissue of the thigh left. Continuing with asthma medication is important to keep symptoms under control in pregnancy right. When you are pregnant, the anomaly scan at around 20 weeks see p.

If your condition worsens in pregnancy, contact your doctor. Im asthmatic. Can I use my inhalers during pregnancy? Its essential that you keep asthma under control in pregnancy, which means continuing to use your inhalers, since the risks from uncontrolled asthma are greater than any risk from taking asthma medication.

If asthma is uncontrolled, it can mean that not enough oxygen gets to the baby, leading to a low birth weight or other problems. One of the best ways to control asthma, in addition to taking medication, is to avoid asthma triggers such as pet fur and dust mites. Use air lters, vacuum often, and damp dust, and use duvet, mattress, and pillow protectors.

Sometimes, pregnancy reduces the severity of asthma, but if you feel wheezier than usual, talk to your doctor about reviewing your medication. Homeopathy seems to be a popular form of therapy. How effective is it and is it safe?

Homeopathy works on the principle of treating like with like to stimulate the bodys natural healing mechanisms. There has been debate about the. But talk to your doctor before using any homeopathic products or remedies during pregnancy, since homeopathy is an area of complementary and alternative medicine that's associated with much debate and scientic controversy. If your doctor gives you the okay, a certied homeopath may be able to provide treatment. Whats the verdict on taking herbal remedies and teas during pregnancy?

The US Food and Drug Administration does not regulate herbs and other dietary supplements, and there's not much research about the health effects of many herbs on pregnant women, so it's best to avoid them while you're pregnant, including herbal teas. Decaffeinated black teas are your best bet, but if you want a fruit or ginger tea, read the ingredient label on the package carefully to be sure that no herbs are present.

If you want to use an herbal remedy, talk to your doctor rst. Your doctor may also recommend additional scans to check that your baby is growing well. Thyroid problems If you have an underactive thyroid gland for which you are taking thyroxine, youll need to have a blood test to ensure that your thyroid is functioning well and that youre taking the correct dose, since sometimes the thyroxine requirement increases in pregnancy. Its important that you are not lacking in thyroxine, because this may affect the baby.

If you are being treated for an overactive thyroid gland, check with your doctor that youre taking a thyroid medication that is safe in pregnancy. Your thyroid. High blood pressure If you have high blood pressure that requires medication, check with your doctor that the medication you are on is safe to use during pregnancy.

Its important to continue your medication so that your blood pressure is controlled, because high blood pressure can be dangerous both for you and your baby.

Your doctor will frequently check your blood pressure, and will test your urine to check for the presence of protein, because high blood pressure and protein in the urine are symptoms of the condition preeclampsia see p.

Although its unusual for bowel conditions to cause major problems during pregnancy, it is important to check that you are not anemic, which can be a side effect of some bowel conditions, and your doctor may recommend extra scans to check that the baby is growing well.

This is an autoimmune disorder that can affect many parts of the body, including the kidneys, joints, skin, nervous system, heart, and lungs. The condition is more common in women, and particularly in those of childbearing age.

Some women find that the symptoms for this condition ease during pregnancy, however for some they can worsen. Its important to control the condition during pregnancy since it can affect the developing baby, with an increased risk of miscarriage, poor growth, premature labor, and stillbirth. Most medications for lupus are safe to use during pregnancy, but some arent, so you need to check with your doctor about whether you need to change your current medication.

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From around 32 weeks, your baby will be closely monitored and his growth and well-being will be checked. If there are concerns about you or your baby, labor may be induced early, or you may have a planned cesarean. Exposure to chickenpox or rubella Chickenpox in pregnancy can cause problems for the baby and can be severe in a pregnant woman, possibly leading to pneumonia. If you contract rubella for the first time in early pregnancy, it can cause miscarriage or severe problems in the fetus.

If you encounter chickenpox, contact your doctor who can check your immunity. If you arent immune, your doctor may advise an injection to protect you from severe chickenpox. Your rubella status is checked at the start of pregnancy. If you arent immune, you can be vaccinated after the birth. Meanwhile you need to be extra careful. If you develop chickenpox or suspect rubella because of a rash, contact your doctor immediately, but dont go to the doctor's office, where you may spread the infection to other pregnant women.

Infections during pregnancy When youre pregnant, your immune system is slightly suppressed. This is necessary to stop you from rejecting the baby, who is genetically half the fathers! This means that you may be slightly more susceptible to common problems such as colds, coughs, a sore throat, or food poisoning, and that the illness may last longer. Colds and coughs Most women get a cough or cold at some stage during their pregnancy. However, you should avoid taking cold medications since these can contain ingredients that are not safe in pregnancy, especially during the first three months see opposite.

Steam inhalations can ease congestion and hot honey drinks help to soothe a sore throat. Saline nasal sprays can also help relieve congestion. However, the CDC says they should not get the nasal-spray flu vaccine, which is not approved for pregnant women.

Food poisoning and stomach upsets A severe episode of food poisoning can cause problems for you and your baby and could trigger an early miscarriage, so its vital to practice good kitchen hygiene see p. If you do develop food poisoning or a stomach upset, try to drink plenty of fluids, and if it continues for more than 24 hours, see your doctor see also Gastroenteritis, p. Yeast If you have an abnormal Flu If you get the flu during pregnancy, call your doctor to get advice or make an appointment.

Drink plenty of liquids and get plenty of rest. Don't take any flu or cold medications without talking to your doctor first. Flu complications. If youre laid low with an illness during pregnancy, take time to rest and recuperate since pregnancy can exacerbate everyday symptoms. A swab may be taken to confirm the diagnosis, and an appropriate local antifungal treatment prescribed see opposite.

Eating natural yogurt may help restore the bacterial balance in your vagina. Wearing cotton underwear and avoiding tight clothing is also recommended. Urinary infections Many pregnant women get urinary infections because the hormone progesterone relaxes all of the smooth muscle, allowing the bacteria that normally live in your vagina to travel up the urethra the tube that leads to the bladder where they may cause an infection.

The symptoms of an urinary infection may be slightly different in pregnancy. You may have the classic symptoms of burning when urinating and frequent passing of urine, or you may have different symptoms such as back pain, lower abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting. These are usually easily treated with antibiotics, most of which are safe in pregnancy. Antifungal remedies You should avoid over-the-counter antifungal remedies, including oral and local remedies, for treating yeast.

Consult your doctor, who can recommend an antifungal medication that is appropriate for use in pregnancy. Antacids Heartburn and indigestion are common problems in pregnancy, particularly during the third trimester when the increased size of the baby puts pressure on your stomach.

Some antacids are safe to use during pregnancy, although you should avoid sodium bicarbonate because it may increase fluid retention. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about which ones are recommended. Cold remedies Remedies for coughs and colds often contain a range of ingredients, such as caffeine, antihistamines, and other decongestants, many of which arent safe in pregnancy.

Ideally, avoid all cold remedies and instead have steam inhalations and hot caffeinefree drinks. If you need relief, talk to your doctor before using any overthe-counter treatments.

Antibiotics Many antibiotics used to treat infection are safe for use during pregnancy. This includes antibiotics containing penicillin, although there are safe alternatives if youre allergic to penicillin.

The following antibiotics should be avoided during pregnancy: This can damage the ears of the fetus as it develops and may result in hearing loss in the baby. These can cause jaundice in the newborn baby. These drugs shouldnt be taken because they can affect the development of the babys bone and teeth and can cause discoloration in the teeth. Diuretics Its normal to experience some swelling in the hands and feet during pregnancy, and you shouldnt attempt to deal with this by taking diuretics, including herbal diuretics.

If you have sudden swelling in the face, hands, or feet, you should consult your doctor immediately because this can be a sign of preeclampsia see p.

Antiemetics If you have severe nausea and vomiting and natural remedies such as gingersnaps or ginger tea dont relieve the problem, your doctor may recommend an. Laxatives The first step in dealing with constipation is to take dietary measures by increasing your intake of fiber and drinking plenty of fluids.

If this isnt enough to ease constipation, then some over-the-counter laxatives may be safe to take during pregnancy, including laxatives that contain bulking agents. Those containing castor oil may cause uterine contractions. Check with your doctor before taking any laxatives. Analgesics The general advice is to avoid all analgesics during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester.

Before using pain medication for a common problem, such as a headache or backache, first try natural remedies; massage or a warm bath are often effective in relieving aches and pains.

If these arent sufficient, call your doctor for advice. Aspirin and antiinflammatories such as ibuprofen should be avoided throughout pregnancy. The pain medicine codeine can sometimes be used for a short period to treat specific pain, but should only be taken on the advice of a doctor.

Rehydration solutions If you have a stomach upset resulting in a severe bout of diarrhea that lasts for an extended period, your doctor may recommend a rehydration solution that is safe to use in pregnancy. Steroids If you have eczema, or find that this condition develops or worsens during pregnancy, talk to your doctor about appropriate medications.

Corticosteroids, which are used to treat eczema, aren't associated with birth defects, but they are known to cross the placenta, so both topical and oral corticosteroids aren't recommended during pregnancy. Steroid inhalers used to treat asthma are safe in pregnancy, and its important to control your asthma while yourre pregnant. Oral steroids may also be prescribed for certain other conditions, and these may be safe to continue with under the guidance of your doctor.

Anabolic steroids should not be taken during pregnancy. During the first three months of pregnancy, it's best to avoid all overthe-counter medications. Once you are past the first trimester, some other medications are considered safe, but always consult your doctor if you are in any doubt.

The following provides guidance on medications used for treating common pregnancy complaints and minor illnesses. Lifestyle hazards Pregnancy can be beset with anxiety about potential hazards. Being aware of exactly what to avoid will help to allay fears.

Whether youre pregnant or are planning to conceive, now is the time to do a safety check on your social habits and home and work environment. Anything that could affect your well-being could affect your baby too, especially in the first trimester. However, dont become overly anxious.

Instead, arm yourself with the facts so that you can avoid hazards, but also relax and enjoy your pregnancy. Your social habits The decision to have a baby may inspire you to review your social habits and, if necessary, make changes. Alcohol consumption You should stop drinking alcohol while trying to get pregnant and once you're pregnant according to the US Surgeon General.

There is no known safe consumption level for pregnant women, so abstaining from drinking is the safest option. What isnt in doubt is the damage caused to the fetus by excessive alcohol intake. Continuous heavy drinking in pregnancy can lead to a condition known as fetal alcohol syndrome. The effects of this include retarded growth, facial and joint abnormalities, and heart problems. If you drank in the weeks before you knew you were pregnant, try not to worry, but stop now. Many women also decide to give up alcohol while theyre trying to conceive to optimize fertility.

Smoking Ideally, you should stop smoking before you get pregnant. If youre still smoking once you conceive, try to stop right away. If your partner or friends smoke, ask them not to smoke in your home or anywhere near you. Inhaled cigarette smoke interferes.

Wearing rubber gloves when using household cleaning products will reduce your exposure to chemicals left. Opt for greener paints and keep rooms ventilated while decorating right. Recreational drug use In addition to damaging your own health, recreational drugs are not advised in pregnancy since some pose dangers for the fetus and others carry a range of possible hazards. Heroin and cocaine are damaging both to a pregnant woman and her unborn baby.

These drugs stunt fetal growth, affect the placenta, and can cause miscarriage or premature birth, as well as health problems in the newborn. Babies born to women who use heroin often show drug withdrawal symptoms. A report on ecstasy linked the use of this in pregnancy to a rise in birth defects, such as limb abnormalities. The specific effects on the fetus of amphetamines and LSD are unclear, but its safest to avoid them.

The direct effects on the fetus of the active chemicals in marijuana are not. Hazards at home Many of us use chemicals daily in and around the home.

In addition to personal products, such as bath oils, deodorants, and hairsprays, we also keep dozens of other substances around the home, including cleaning fluids, detergents, bleach, and air fresheners. When products are used in accordance with the manufacturers instructions, there is little chance of them causing harm in pregnancy. However, minute traces of chemicals can enter the bloodstream, either through the skin or by inhalation, and cross the placenta.

While there is no hard evidence to show that this has an ill effect, it makes sense to minimize the chances of chemicals from reaching a developing baby. When using products, wear rubber gloves to prevent skin contact and ventilate rooms. To avoid inhaling mists. Also, choose products recommended for their low environmental impact, which contain fewer chemicals.

Where possible, use natural alternatives to chemicals. Painting and decorating Its important to stay safe while doing home projects. Dont climb up ladders or stand on tables to reach high places since your belly alters your center of balance.

Also avoid skin contact or inhalation if you use oil-based paints; spray paints; paint strippers; floor varnishes; and sealant adhesives. Make sure rooms are well ventilated while decorating, and, ideally, get someone else to do the decorating. Workplace hazards Its the legal responsibility of your employer to provide a safe environment. If your job involves handling chemicals, ensure that a risk assessment is done and that you are able to avoid harmful substances.

Is it safe to use a cell phone during pregnancy? Ive read that phones emit radiation. The radiation emitted by cell phones is non-ionizing. This is not the same as the radiation received from X-rays, which can be harmful in large doses.

There is no evidence to show that using a cell phone is a health risk to either you or your baby. I go swimming twice a week and love the feeling of having the weight taken off my belly! But is the chlorine in the pool bad for my baby? In the past there has been some debate about whether its safe to swim in chlorinated pools during pregnancy. However, now most experts believe that swimming in chlorinated water does not pose any health risks for pregnant women and their developing babies.

You may nd that the smell of chlorine might add to your nausea if you are suffering from morning sickness, although this is less of a problem in an outdoor pool. Try not to swallow the water, and shower when you come out of the pool. Swimming has great benets during pregnancy.

It has a low risk of injury while providing a good cardiovascular workout and improving muscle tone, so dont be put off by unnecessary worries. Is it OK to use nicotine patches or gum while Im pregnant?

Nicotine is known to decrease the blood supply to the fetus. This could affect the babys growth, especially in early pregnancy. Although tobacco substitutes such as patches, gum, and lozenges deliver less nicotine to your body than smoking, you should never use them without a doctors advice.

Ask your doctor for information on safer ways to beat cigarette and nicotine cravings. Pets and infections Certain infections that could harm the fetus can be picked up from pets. The parasitic infection toxoplasmosis is spread through contact with cat feces. It may produce flulike symptoms, or no symptoms at all, and many unknowingly acquire immunity through previous exposure.

However, although it rarely happens, contracting toxoplasmosis for the first time in pregnancy can cause serious problems, such as miscarriage or birth defects. Other pets, such as dogs, caged birds, and turtles can carry salmonella bacteria. Salmonella infection doesnt directly harm the baby, but can make a pregnant woman ill.

Being scrupulous about hygiene helps you avoid such infections. Wear rubber gloves when handling a cat litter box, cleaning cages where animals are kept, or disposing of dog feces, then wash your hands and the gloves afterward. Wear gloves also for digging or weeding in case animals have defecated in the garden.

Or get someone else to do these tasks. Toxoplasmosis and salmonella can also be contracted from eating undercooked or raw meat or eggs, so be careful with kitchen hygiene and cooking see p. In pregnancy, being aware of your rights can help protect you and your baby. In recent decades, women worried about whether working at a computer screen put their babies at risk. Its now clear that using a VDT as well as photocopiers and printers is safe.

Some environments do pose possible dangers. If you work in a health-care setting with ionizing radiation or cancer-treatment drugs, inform your department that youre pregnant, so that if necessary, youre given alternative duties. Women employed in places such as hairdressers, manicure salons, labs, and craft workshops may be exposed to toxic chemicals. Working around some dry cleaning solvents has been linked to miscarriage.

Its up to employers to ensure protection from hazards. If youre unhappy about conditions, talk to your boss or HR manager. Standing on your feet all day and physical work that involves heavy lifting can be exhausting in pregnancy. If your work involves either of these, ask if its possible to switch to less tiring tasks.

Skin, hair, and teeth In addition to affecting what happens to you internally, hormonal changes in pregnancy can also affect your external appearance. Many women look and feel better than ever during pregnany, while those less fortunate report that there is a downturn in their appearance.

However pregnancy affects you, the changes will be temporary and youll be back to your normal self soon after the birth. You may find that your skin looks better in pregnancy due to hormonal changes, mild fluid retention, and increased blood flow. These can all result in smoother skin and are responsible for the famous pregnancy glow.

Skin also tends to darken during pregnancy, although the cause for this is unknown. One possible explanation is the increased levels of estrogen and melanocyte-stimulating hormone, which stimulate skin pigmentation.

Many creams, lotions, and oils have been marketed for the prevention or treatment of stretch marks but none has been proven to work. Studies have shown that some creams containing ingredients such as vitamin E, elastin, collagen-elastin hydrolysates, and menthol can reduce the development of stretch marks; but other trials have shown that creams containing vitamin E had no effect.

If you want to use a commercially recommended cream, lotion, or oil, they are safe to use and may help prevent stretch marks, but unfortunately there is no guarantee. Chloasma This describes the increased pigmentation of the cheeks, nose, and chin that affects around percent of pregnant women. Using a protective sunscreen and avoiding the use of any.

Hair and nails Hair stays longer in the growth phase during pregnancy, meaning that your scalp hair is likely to grow and thicken. Not so welcome is the fact that facial and body hair may also increase. After the birth, many women find that they suddenly lose a lot of hair as the growth phase stops. You should find that your hair is back to normal within six months. Fingernails may also change, often becoming stronger, although some find that they become softer and brittle.

Nails may develop white spots or. Stretch marks striae gravidarum Many women develop stretch marks during pregnancy, which can occur on bellies, breasts, hips, or legs.

These initially appear as pink or purple lines and may be quite itchy. After pregnancy they fade into pale wrinkles. Nobody knows for sure why these occur, but they probably result from a combination of pregnancy hormones and your skin stretching. Youre more likely to get stretch marks if youre very young, if you gain a lot of weight in pregnancy, or if you have a very big baby. There is less agreement about the role of other factors such as a family history, being very overweight before pregnancy or belonging to a particular ethnic group.

Applying moisturizing creams to relieve dry, itchy skin, or ones recommended to reduce stretch marks, is safe during pregnancy left. Taking good care of your teeth and gums is important during pregnancy, when youre more susceptible to dental problems right. I am 18 weeks pregnant and due to go on a beach vacation. My facial and body hair has grown and become very unsightly. How can I safely remove it? You can safely tweeze, wax, and shave new stray hair.

Skin bleaching and hair removal creams are probably safe during pregnancy, but there has been insufficient research to clear them since they can be absorbed through the skin and their effects on the baby are unknown. Permanent hair-removal techniques, such as laser and electrolysis, are thought to be safe in pregnancy.

Both techniques penetrate the skin no deeper than a few millimeters. Consult your doctor to see if this is okay. Ive been using topical cream to treat acne and Ive just found out that Im pregnant. Will it harm my baby? Tretinoin belongs to a group of medications called retinoids that contain vitamin A and may be associated with birth defects.

Studies have looked at the effects of this cream in pregnancy and have found that babies whose mothers used it, even in the rst trimester, had no increase in birth defects. However doctors recommend avoiding tretinoin cream in pregnancy. Teeth Pregnant women are more prone to tooth decay dental caries , bleeding gums, and chronic gum infection periodontal disease.

Poor dental health not only affects you, but can also have an impact on your baby. Studies have linked infection of the gums in pregnant women to premature birth, and if a woman has ongoing tooth decay after the birth, her baby may acquire bacteria directly from her saliva, leading to tooth decay in the child later on.

Its therefore important that you take care of your. Another similar medication, isotretinoin, which is taken orally, may increase the risk of birth defects and is therefore contraindicated in pregnancy. Im in the first trimester and will be going to my sisters wedding.

Can I have highlights put in my hair?

Although the research into the safety of hair dyes if used in the rst trimester may seem conicting, the amount of chemicals used is small and its unlikely that hair dyes cause harm. Also, if your hairdresser uses foil, the dye is kept off your skin. Ive heard that nail polish needs to be removed if you have a cesarean.

Why is this? Previously, women were encouraged to remove nail polish before surgery. One of the reasons was that the pulse oximeter, a device attached to your nger to measure the oxygen in your blood during surgery, may give lower readings if placed over nail polish. However the device works as intended with nail polish or long nails if its mounted sideways on a nger. Therefore theres no need to remove your polish. To keep your mouth healthy during pregnancy, brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and floss every day.

Routine dental treatment and some local anesthetics are safe in pregnancy, although it's better to postpone elective dental treatments until after pregnancy or take care of them before pregnancy. Many women worry about having their teeth x-rayed in pregnancy. The radiation exposure from dental X-rays is minimal and the risk to your baby probably negligible.

However,dentists will take every precaution to minimize your radiation exposure, covering you with a leaded apron before the X-rays. Beauty treatments and cosmetics The following advises which products and treatments are safe in pregnancy. Hair and nail products Shampoos, conditioners, manicures, and pedicures are safe. Minute amounts of hair dye may be absorbed through the skin, but theres no evidence that this affects the baby.

Chemical hair straighteners and curlers are also thought to be safe. Piercing Facial piercing or piercing the belly button, nipples, or genitalia isnt advised since youre at a higher risk of infection. If you have a navel piercing already, you can change a metallic ring for a flexible plastic retainer made from PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene.

Nipple rings can affect breast-feeding, so remove a ring before birth so the skin can heal. Vaginal or vulval piercings are best removed to avoid damage at birth. Tanning Tanning beds arent advised because of harmful UV rays. Tanning beds can cause your body to overheat, which can harm your baby, and UV rays may break down folic acid. Tanning lotions are safe. Heat exposure from a hot tub in the first three months can increase the risk of a baby developing spina bifida.

Facials The cosmetics used for facials are thought to be safe. Botox The Food and Drug Administration recommends that women who are pregnant or breast-feeding should not use Botox. Although it's used for cosmetic reasons, it is a drug and should be considered as such. Doctors also advise avoiding Botox during pregnancy.

Traveling in pregnancy Your growing belly shouldn't put a stop to travel plans. Just a bit of extra planning is required to help your vacation run smoothly. Trimester-bytrimester travel guide Think about the implications of traveling at different times in your pregnancy when planning a trip.

Be extra careful to avoid extremes of temperature and overly vigorous activities. O Motion sickness could make morning sickness worse. O Flying is allowed, provided you have no pregnancy complications. O Insurance is unlikely to be a problem. O Flying is allowed, but check to see whether you need to carry a doctors letter stating your due date.

O Check with individual travel insurance companies to see if you can get coveragepolicies vary. O Some airlines may not allow you to fly after 36 weeks without a letter from your doctor written within 72 hours of your flight that includes your due date and confirms your fitness to fly.

Provided your pregnancy is normal, going to faraway places is perfectly possible. However, discomforts such as extreme heat, high altitude, and makeshift accommodations may be less tolerable, and in some cases may compromise the safety of your baby. The best time to travel In the first trimester, you may find that morning sickness and fatigue lessen your enthusiasm for travel. Most women feel at their best in the second trimester and this is also seen as the safest time to travel since your risk of miscarriage is low, energy levels are increased, and your due date is still some way off.

After 28 weeks, the size of your belly, fatigue, and the looming birth date are likely to make home seem the best place to be. Making plans A little extra planning is the key to successful travel in pregnancy. However tempting brochures look, think carefully before you book.

How will you get there and how long will it take? Pregnancy adds to the stress of a long-haul trip. If you want to fly, check with the airline about its policy. Some require a current letter from your doctor confirming your due date and your fitness to fly after 36 weeks. This is largely because of the possibility of going into labor mid-flight. Taking precautions Unless you have no choice, avoid visiting countries where disease is a high risk factor. Many doctors agree that protective drugs, such as certain vaccines and antimalarial pills, are not advisable in pregnancy.

Youve found your passport and put the tickets in your bag. However, when youre pregnant you may also need to take the following items: O A note from your doctor stating your due date and giving you the all-clear to travel helpful if youre over 28 weeks. O Any special medical records regarding your pregnancy or general health. O A list of numbers for healthcare facilities at your destination.

O Remedies for heartburn or other minor pregnancy problems, such as hemorrhoids. You may not be able to download your usual products abroad. The best time to travel is often during the second trimester when nausea has abated and your belly size is not yet uncomfortable. Check the internet for information about an areas health hazards and local hospitals. If you have a condition such as diabetes that could cause complications, make sure you can get treatment while away. Before you leave, try to get travel insurance.

Some companies consider pregnancy a preexisting condition and won't provide coverage for your trip. I am five months pregnant and about to go on a beach vacation. I know that too much sunbathing causes skin damage, but can hot sun also harm my baby?

Experts are investigating a link between prolonged exposure to the sun and damage to the fetus. There is a possibility that ultraviolet rays could cause a deciency of folic acida vitamin that helps prevent defects in the babys nervous system leading to spina bida. Nothing is yet proven, but its not worth taking the risk. Enjoy the sun in moderation but dont bake yourself or use tanning beds before you go on vacation.

Im worried about flying, because someone told me there is a high risk of DVT in pregnancy. Is this true? Deep vein thrombosis DVT , the formation of a blood clot in a vein often in a leg , is sometimes caused by long periods of immobility, such as sitting on a plane see p. Although the risk factor may be slightly increased in pregnant women, because their blood tends to clot more easily, the chance of your developing DVT is still very low.

To minimize the risk even further, you could download some special support socks, which are designed to improve blood ow in the legs. Sitting in a cramped seat for hours can cause your ankles and feet to swell. If youre traveling by car, stop every hour to stretch your legs, have a snack, or find a bathroom.

On a train or airplane, keep your circulation moving with foot and ankle exercises, and get up regularly to walk down the aisle when it's safe to do so. Stay hydrated by drinking lots of water or juice, even if you do need to empty your bladder frequently.

A few comforts, such as a cushion to tuck behind your back or a cooling water spritzer, can make a trip more bearable. There are some activities to forego in pregnancy, such as water skiing or horse riding, where a fall could harm your baby.

Scuba diving is particularly dangerous because of the risk of air bubbles forming in the bloodstream. If you have children, ignore pleas to join them on amusement park rides.

If youre used to exercising, there is no reason not to go swimming or walking, just dont overdo ithiking up hills under a blazing sun could send your temperature soaring, which is a bad thing in pregnancy. In the first trimester especially, extreme heat can. Are car seatbelts and airbags safe to use in pregnancy?

In the event of an accident, these appliances are far more likely to prevent injury than cause itnever travel without fastening your seatbelt. For comfort, position the straps above and below your belly rather than across it.

Being hit by an inated airbag will not hurt you or the baby, but to lessen the impact you should position your seat as far back as possible. You might also become dehydrated, which later on can increase the risk of premature labor.

Be cautious also about less energetic activities. Hot tubs and saunas are best avoided since the heat could make you feel faint and may be harmful to your baby. An aromatherapy massage sounds like a treat, but some oils may be toxic to the baby, especially in the early months. If you want pampering, look for spas with treatments for pregnant moms.

In pregnancy, your skin becomes more sensitive to the sun, so whatever youre doing be careful to protect against overexposure to the sun. Pregnancy reduces the efficiency of your immune system, increasing your risk of an infection. When youre traveling, stomach bugs caused by contaminated food and water are more likely to strike. If youre unsure about local tap water, download bottled water make sure the seal is unbroken and use it when brushing your teeth as well as for drinking.

Avoid drinks with ice and dont eat salads or fruit you cant peel since they may have been washed in contaminated water.

A less obvious danger is fruit such as melon, which may have been injected with water to increase its weight. Avoid outdoor stalls or cafs where food might have been prepared hours in advance.

Try to find restaurants where food is freshly cooked and standards seem high. Be scrupulous about hygiene, and carry moist wipes in case handwashing facilities are inadequate. The 40 weeks, or days, of pregnancy are a time of constant change as your body continually adapts to accommodate the new life growing inside you. This extensive chapter guides you through the physical and emotional changes youll experience and offers reassurance, advice, and practical tips.

Your babys progress is charted in fascinating detail with scans and day-by-day insights into how your baby grows and develops within your uterus. By the time you discover youre pregnant, your baby has reached the embryonic period and the brain, heart, and other organs are starting to form.

Pre-conception care A daily prental vitamin supplement before and during early pregnancy helps protect your baby from spinal cord defects. Avoid alcohol Drinking soft drinks rather than alcohol may help you to conceive; add fruit to drinks for extra benefit. At first, only you are aware of subtle body changes. By three months, changes may be visible. First trimester Your baby is developing rapidly and you may have a whole host of symptoms, but outwardly theres little sign that youre pregnant.

Starting to show By the end of this trimester, your waistline may start to expand. The release of an egg At ovulation, an enlarged follicle in the ovary ruptures to release the mature egg, ready to be fertilized in a fallopian tube by your partners sperm. Early growth In the crucial first weeks, the babys vital organs begin to develop and the neural tube, which becomes the brain and spinal cord, is forming. The path to conception Sexual intercourse timed to coincide with ovulation is most likely to lead to a successful pregnancy.

Youre at the beginning of an incredible stage of life that will see your body undergo dramatic changes. Feeling exhausted A classic symptom of early pregnancy is a feeling of complete exhaustion, thought to be due to rising hormone levels and the dramatic physiological changes your body undergoes as your baby grows rapidly. At 6 weeks, budlike structures can be seen on the embryo that will develop into your babys limbs.

By 8 weeks, the head has grown rapidly, giving an unbalanced appearance, and the limbs are lengthening. At 9 weeks, the fetus is starting to have a recognizable form, with facial features beginning to develop.

Facts and figures At 7 weeks, your baby measures just 13 in 8 mm crown to rump. Dating the pregnancy Between 10 and 14 weeks, your first ultrasound will confirm the gestational age of your baby. Your original due date may be revised as a result of this scan and the timing of future tests will be based on its findings. Parents-to-be As the realization sinks in that youre facing parenthood, you may discover a new dimension to your relationship and an enhanced sense of togetherness.

Reward Yourself

Soothing foods Early pregnancy can often be marred by nausea and vomiting, especially in the mornings; eating crackers or sipping a decaf tea can help quell the symptoms. Its business as usual for your body this week. Youre having a period, so you know youre not pregnant. But if you conceive during this menstrual cycle, the first day of your period will count as the first day of pregnancy. Its a good idea to review your lifestyle and to make sure that you understand how everything works inside.

Knowing the facts may help to raise your chances of conceiving. The thick lining of the uterus Muscular wall The fallopian tube is.

Each ovary contains eggs at various stages of development. By the end of next week, at the mid-point of your cycle,. The lining of the uterus builds up in the first two weeks of the menstrual cycle to prepare for pregnancy.

The yellow and blue areas seen here are cells and the pink area, secretions. If no pregnancy occurs, the lining breaks down and menstruation occurs.

This is day one of your period. If you are trying to conceive during this menstrual cycle, keep a note of this highly significant date. Although this is officially the first day of your pregnancy, you wont conceive until around two weeks from now. This is classified as day one because once you conceive your pregnancy will be dated from the first day of your menstrual period.

It would be more logical to date a pregnancy from the day of ovulation or conception, but, like most women, youre unlikely to know the day on which you ovulate, let alone conceive.

You are, however, far. Having a baby Theres no perfect time to become parents, but you might want to bear in mind the following: O While practical matters such as. O This is a decision only you and your partner can make. Dont act on the advice of family members and friends. O You might conceive immediately or it could take several months, so relax and dont have a set date in mind.

Just 20 percent of couples actively trying to conceive become pregnant in the first monthly cycle. Start taking this vital supplement now, from day one, if you havent already. You should take folic acid as soon as you begin trying to conceive because it will be essential to your babys development in the first few weeks of pregnancy see p. The amount of folic acid that has been shown to be effective is a daily supplement of mcg. A diet of foods rich in folate is also advisable so eat plenty of green vegetables, such as green beans, spinach, and broccoli; legumes, such as peas, beans, and chickpeas; fortified cereals; and wheat germ and other fortified grains.

While dating a pregnancy in this way is a handy, if slightly baffling, convention, it does mean that your body is getting geared up for pregnancy from today. In around days, or nine months time, you could be holding your newborn baby in your arms. Good luck and enjoy the journey! For 75 percent of couples it takes six months. So be patient and try not to get too stressed if you dont manage to conceive immediately.

Your eggs are already developing, as can be seen in this color-enhanced ovary. The small white structures are the immature follicles that contain the eggs at different stages of development. Once one of the follicles matures, the egg will burst out. By tracking your menstrual cycle and understanding how it works, you may increase your chances of conceiving.

This is day two of your period and day two of your complete menstrual cycle, which starts on the first day of your period and ends on the first day of your next period.

A full cycle is, on average, 28 days, but many women have a shorter or longer cycle. This may be the time when your period is at its heaviest, since the tissue and blood that make up the lining of the uterus the endometrium is shed.

The average blood loss during menstruation is around two tablespoons 30 ml. While the lining is being sloughed off,. As soon as your period has finished, an egg begins to mature within its follicle in one of your ovaries, ready to be released around mid-cycle. This is called ovulation see p. Meanwhile, the lining of the uterus starts to build up again under the influence of the hormones progesterone and estrogen, ready to receive a fertilized egg.

If the egg is not fertilized, hormone levels fall, the lining sheds, and the cycle begins again. Periods can synchronize in women who live or work together. Scientists claim that pheromones chemicals that trigger a biological response in someone waft from one woman to another.

Receptors in the nose detect these pheromones and a biological process takes place whereby one woman naturally adjusts her menstrual cycle. The monthly cycle of an egg as it grows to maturity inside an ovary is shown at the top of the chart. It is released from its follicle around day The bottom of the chart shows the corresponding development of the lining of the uterusshedding at the start of a period, then rebuilding in preparation for the fertilized egg.

The empty egg follicle called the corpus luteum secretes progesterone, which is a hormone that helps the endometrium reach a thickness of about 0.

The lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium, can be seen here pink structure shedding during menstruation.

This happens if a fertilized egg does not implant. The red dots are red blood cells, released when the blood vessels break down. When youre trying to get pregnant, it helps to be aware of lifestyle and medical factors that can affect your menstrual cycle.

You may notice the timing and volume of your period differs. Should I monitor my menstrual cycle? Yes, monitoring your cycle is an important part of planning for pregnancy because it can help you figure out roughly which day youre ovulating see p. It means you can ensure you have sexual intercourse at roughly the right time. Its also helpful to note the length of your cycle, which may vary. The most important thing to note is that from ovulation to the start of your next period is always around 14 days so when you get your next period, you can figure out roughly when you ovulated.

In both these cases, periods can become lighter or less frequent. If your periods are erratic, it can be difficult to predict when you might ovulate. Unpredictable or missed periods may mean that ovulation isnt occurring at all. If you know this to be the case because youre monitoring the signs of ovulation see p.

You may be able to become pregnant naturally and easily despite problems related to your period, but some conditions that cause long, irregular, or heavy periods are linked to lower fertility.Lying with your legs in the air will aid gravity further.

A low GI diet Glucose, the product of carbohydrates, serves as the primary fuel for your growing baby. Applying moisturizing creams to relieve dry, itchy skin, or ones recommended to reduce stretch marks, is safe during pregnancy left. This is an exciting covers in detail the progress of labor, each providing their time as your body starts to change shape to accommodate own expert insight.

Pregnancy takes its toll on a womans reserves, so a little stored fat is a good thing for mother and baby. Kamin Mohammadi.

MORGAN from Vallejo
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