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tipos de posiciones anatomicas pdf
Hence, this study was carried out to elucidate the number, shape, dimensions, orientation and position of mental foramen in relation to the surgically encountered anatomical landmarks in an adult Sri Lankan population. Material and Method A total of 51 adult dry mandibles 30 male and 21 female with complete dentition and intact alveolar bridge collected from the Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka, were used for this study.
The age group of the cadavers varied between years. Both sides of the mandibles were assessed and the number of mental foramina present, their shape and orientation were recorded by direct visual inspection.
The presences of multiple foramina were recorded and the most prominent foramen was considered as the primary structure for characterization. The shape of the mental foramen was described as oval or rounded.
20 posiciones anatomicas pdf
The direction of exit of the mental canal through the buccal cortical plate of the mandible was described as postero-superior, superior, lateral, antero-superior, posterior or anterior Phillips et al. The maximum transverse and vertical diameters of the mental foramen and the distance from the center of the mental foramen to the symphysis menti were measured using a digital sliding caliper Mitutoyo, Japan capable of measuring to the nearest 0.
The position of the mental foramen was recorded as either in line with the longitudinal axis of the lower first premolar, second premolar or first molar tooth or as lying between the adjacent lower first and second premolar or between second premolar and first molar tooth Green. All the measurements were repeated thrice and the mean was taken for further analysis.
Furthermore, the measurements were recorded by the same person to minimize the errors in methodology. A comparison of the mean values between sides and genders was performed using the t-test.
Results The mean ages of the study subjects male: All the mandibles studied showed a mental foramen on both sides.
A single mental foramen was present in Of the mandibles that showed multiple foramina, two foramina were found in 1.
The direction of the exit of the mental foramen was postero-superior in The linear measurements and the anatomical dimensions of the mental foramen with respect to their surrounding anatomical landmarks are summarized in Tables I and II.
Frequencies of the position of mental foramen in relation to lower teeth are shown in Tables III and IV and illustrated in Figures 1 and 2. The most common position for the mental foramen relative to the lower teeth was in line with the second lower premolar for both right The second most common position for the location of the mental foramen was in line with the first premolar right On both sides, Mental foramen was located in line with the first molar in 5.
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No foramen was found between the second premolar and first molar on both sides of the mandible. Frequency of location of mental foramen in relation to side. Frequency of location of mental foramen in relation to gender.
Discussion The present study provides new data on the position of the mental foramen in an adult Sri Lankan population. Theprecise identification of the mental foramen is important in both diagnostic and clinical procedures of the mandible. Clinically, the mental nerve bundle that emerges from the foramen may get injured during surgical procedures with resulting paresthesia or anesthesia along its sensory distribution Phillips et al.
Anatomically, the mental foramen is the opening of the mental canal. The standard Anatomy texts states that the mental foramen is most commonly found between the apices of the first and second lower premolar Sinnathamby; Williams et al. Although this is in accord with some European populations, it ignores a large body of evidence with reference to other populations Boonpiruk, ; Green; Phillips et al.
It was also interesting to note that the mental foramen was positioned more posteriorly in blacks than in whites Cutright et al. The results of the present study highlight the racial differences in the modal position of the mental foramen observed among different populations.
En primer lugar El plano sagital divide al cuerpo humano o a cualquiera de sus partes en Plano sagital medio: es el plano sagital que divide el cuerpo en mitad izquierda y mitad derecha.
Los planos dividen el cuerpo en dos mitades. La persona debe estar de pie, con la cabeza y el cuello erecto, los brazos a ambos lados del cuerpo extendidos hacia el piso y con las palmas de las manos vueltas hacia delante , y la mirada hacia el frente. Mencionar la estructura de cada uno de los sistemas del cuerpo El Cuerpo humano - Monografias.
Central American Free Trade Agreement In: Kraske J. PDF File Size: Kraske Intervenciones principales Intervenciones rectales.
Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? Trabajo Sobre Posiciones - scribd. Recommend Documents. Cuestionario Tema 5 CR.
Tema 3 Subtema 3 Pembelajaran 5. Cuestionario de Trabajo Del Tema 3 Dispo. Cuestionario n 4 y Operating position in colorectal surgery.
The importance Read importancia. The file contains 17 page s and is free to view, download or print.In: Kraske J. Baia Baia Baia. The direction and position of the mental foramen in the great apes and man.
Cuestionario de Trabajo Del Tema 3 Dispo.
Furthermore, the existence of multiple mental foramina in a minority of patients also has a clinical implication, as injury to any branch of mental nerve that exit through these foramina may result in sensory deficit Aziz et al, As the mental foramen cannot be clinically visualized or palpated, in clinical situations, it is localized in relation to the lower teeth.
La persona debe estar de pie, con la cabeza y el cuello erecto, los brazos a ambos lados del cuerpo extendidos hacia el piso y con las palmas de las manos vueltas hacia delante , y la mirada hacia el frente.
Radiographic study of the mental foramen in selected Saudi population. Estos planos son el sagital, frontal y transverso.
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