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Find the list of Important Aptitude shortcuts PDF for upcoming Bank Exams and all other competitive exams, aspirants those who are preparing. Important Grammar tips to attend the English awareness part in the banking and all competitive exams were given here in PDF. Candidates. English language is an important part of every bank exam. Reading English Today I am providing my handmade grammar book in PDF format.
Examples: A lot of the pie has disappeared. A lot of the pies have disappeared.
A third of the city is unemployed. A third of the people are unemployed.
All of the pie is gone. All of the pies are gone. Some of the pie is missing. Some of the pies are missing. Rule 7. With collective nouns such as group, jury, family, audience, population, the verb might be singular or plural, depending on the writer's intent.
Shortcuts in Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Exams Book
Examples: All of my family has arrived OR have arrived. Most of the jury is here OR are here.
A third of the population was not in favor OR were not in favor of the bill. The staff is deciding how they want to vote. Careful speakers and writers would avoid assigning the singular is and the plural they to staff in the same sentence. Consistent: The staff are deciding how they want to vote.
Rewriting such sentences is recommended whenever possible. The preceding sentence would read even better as: The staff members are deciding how they want to vote.
Rule 8. The word were replaces was in sentences that express a wish or are contrary to fact: Example: If Joe were here, you'd be sorry. Shouldn't Joe be followed by was, not were, given that Joe is singular?
Example — is divisible by 3 and 5 both, so it will be divisible by 15 also. Divisible by 16 — A number is divisible by 16, if the number formed by the last4 digits is divisible by Example - Last four digits are divisible by Divisible by 24 — If a number is divisible by 3 and 8 both, then it will also be divisible by 14 as well.
Example — is divisible by 3 and 8 both, so it will be divisible by 24 also. Divisible by 40 — If a number is divisible by 5 and 8 both, then it will also be divisible by 40 as well. Example — is divisible by 5 and 8 both, so it will be divisible by 40 also. Divisible by 80 — If a number is divisible by 5 and 16 both, then it will also be divisible by 80 as well.
But they may be used in continuous forms in a particular cases. He is having a telephone connection. He has a telephone connection The flower is smelling sweet The flower smells sweet you can say I am smelling this flower The manager is seeing your application Seeing - Examining in particular situation Shortcut Rule 3 : The present perfect tense should not be used with adverbs indicating past time. Instead the simple past tense should be used.
I have seen a film last night I saw a film last night.
He has left for Hyderabad last week. He left for Hyderabad last week. Shortcut Rule 4 : The present perfect tense with "For or Since" is used to express an action began at some time in the past and is still continuing upto the time of speaking or just finished.
Since , Since morning, since yesterday, since last week I know him since I have known him since Out teacher is sick for the last two days Our teacher has been sick for the last two days. Shortcut Rule 5 : :The present perfect continuous Tense" is also used for actions began in the past and are still continuing.
I am reading this novel since morning. I have been reading this novel since morning.
They are going to English classes for the last one month. They have been going to English classes for the last one month. When he opened the gate, they came in. Shortcut Rule 7 : When the first action completed before the second one started, the Past Perfect Tense for the first finished action and the Simple Past Tense for the Second are used.
The patient had died before the doctor arrived. Shortcut Rule 8 : After negative sentences, the question tag used should be in an ordinary interrogative form. She didn't like that book, didn't she? She did not like that book, did she? They have not told him the news, Haven't they?
They have not told him the news, Have they? Shortcut Rule 9 : After Positive Statements, we use the negative interrogative. I am a student, Am I? I am a student, Aren't I? Let's play for some Time, Shall We? He works hard, Does He?
Shortcut Rule 10 : When the verb in the principal clause is in a past tense, the verbs in the subordinate clauses are normally in the Past Tense. He said that He will pass the examination. He said that he would pass the examination. They told me that they have paid the fees. They told me that they had paid the fees. Shortcut Rule 11 : When the Subordinate clause expresses a universal truth the past tense in the main clause may be followed by a Present Tense.
He said that the sun rose in the East. He said that the sun rises in the East. Shortcut Rule 12 : The Past Tense in the main clause may be followed by any tense after the conjunction "Than" in the subordinate clause. If he is rich, he would download a car. If he were rich, He would download a car.
If you worked hard, you would have passed in the examination. If you had worked hard, you would have passed in the examination. Shortcut Rule 15 : For the interrogative sentences that begin with auxiliary verbs, "if or whether as a connective word in indirect speech.
He said to me, "Are you going there?Thus, Unless you do not work hard, you will not excel in the examination. Practice Qs for Exam Preparation In case of any doubts regarding Spotting Errors in English, you can always talk to our experts and your fellow aspirants at Testbook discuss.
Again, trust your instinct for choosing between the two options.
100 English Grammar Rules PDF Download for Competitive Exams
She requested that he raise his hand. He suggested going for a walk every morning. They told me that they have paid the fees. Subtract the product, 32, from the number above it. Let us know in the comments section! In other words, there is no number, other than 1, that divides both a and b evenly.
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