Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Suel and others published Lossless compression handbook. Lossless Compression Handbook [Book Review]. Article (PDF Available) in IEEE Circuits and Devices Magazine 20(5) 36 · October download Lossless Compression Handbook - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN ,
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Compression schemes can be divided into two major classes: lossless compression schemes and lossy compression schemes. The 21 chapters in this handbook are written by the leading experts in the world on the theory, techniques, applications, and standards surrounding lossless. The transform and data compression handbook / editors, P.C. Yip, K.R. Rao. the use of lossless compression in this field; however, such an approach is of.
Chapters in the third section are devoted to particular application areas. These include text, audio, and image compression, as well as the new area of delta compression.
Handbook of Data Compression
In these chapters we describe how the various coding techniques have been used in conjunction with models which are specific to the particular application to provide lossless compression. The chapters in the fourth group describe various international standards that involve lossless compression in a variety of applications. These include standards issued by various international bodies as well as de facto standards.
The final chapter examines hardware implementations of compression algorithms.
Sayood K. (Ed.). Lossless Compression Handbook
Theory Information Theory behind Source Coding. Complexity Measures. Cryptography[ edit ] Cryptosystems often compress data the "plaintext" before encryption for added security. When properly implemented, compression greatly increases the unicity distance by removing patterns that might facilitate cryptanalysis.
Thus, cryptosystems must utilize compression algorithms whose output does not contain these predictable patterns. Genetics and Genomics[ edit ] Genetics compression algorithms not to be confused with genetic algorithms are the latest generation of lossless algorithms that compress data typically sequences of nucleotides using both conventional compression algorithms and specific algorithms adapted to genetic data.
In , a team of scientists from Johns Hopkins University published the first genetic compression algorithm that does not rely on external genetic databases for compression.
The most successful compressors are XM and GeCo. Main article: Executable compression Self-extracting executables contain a compressed application and a decompressor. When executed, the decompressor transparently decompresses and runs the original application. This is especially often used in demo coding, where competitions are held for demos with strict size limits, as small as 1k.
Lossless compression benchmarks[ edit ] Lossless compression algorithms and their implementations are routinely tested in head-to-head benchmarks. There are a number of better-known compression benchmarks. Some benchmarks cover only the data compression ratio , so winners in these benchmarks may be unsuitable for everyday use due to the slow speed of the top performers.
Another drawback of some benchmarks is that their data files are known, so some program writers may optimize their programs for best performance on a particular data set. The winners on these benchmarks often come from the class of context-mixing compression software.
The benchmarks listed in the 5th edition of the Handbook of Data Compression Springer, are:  The Maximum Compression benchmark, started in and updated until November , includes over programs. Maintained by Werner Bergmans, it tests on a variety of data sets, including text, images, and executable code.
Not surprisingly, context mixing programs often win here; programs from the PAQ series and WinRK often are in the top.
The site also has a list of pointers to other benchmarks. The winners in most tests usually are PAQ programs and WinRK, with the exception of lossless audio encoding and grayscale image compression where some specialized algorithms shine.
Squeeze Chart by Stephan Busch is another frequently updated site.
The EmilCont benchmarks by Berto Destasio are somewhat outdated having been most recently updated in A distinctive feature is that the data set is not public, to prevent optimizations targeting it specifically. Matt Mahoney , in his February edition of the free booklet Data Compression Explained, additionally lists the following:  The Calgary Corpus dating back to is no longer widely used due to its small size.
Broukhis . The Generic Compression Benchmark  , maintained by Mahoney himself, test compression on random data. It features a different chapter structure, much new material, and many small improvements. These chapters discuss basic, advanced, and robust variable-length codes. Many types of VL codes are known, they are used by many compression algorithms, have different properties, and are based on different principles.
The most-important types of VL codes are prefix codes and codes that include their own length. These codes represent compromises between the standard binary beta code and the Elias gamma codes. These are older bitmaps fonts that were developed as part of the huge TeX project.
Sayood K. (Ed.). Lossless Compression Handbook
The compression algorithm is not especially efficient, but it provides a rare example of run-length encoding RLE without the use of Huffman codes. This free algorithm is especially interesting because of the great interest it has generated and because of the many versions, subversions, and derivatives that have been spun off it.
It is the result of evaluating and comparing several data structures and variable-length codes with an eye to improving the performance of LZSS.FLAC Section The Monster of Compression benchmark by N. The chapters in the fourth group describe various international standards that involve lossless compression in a variety of applications.
Mathematical background[ edit ] Abstractly, a compression algorithm can be viewed as a function on sequences normally of octets.
I would like to thank the following individuals for information about certain topics and for clearing up certain points. As with most applied technologies, the standards section is of particular importance to practicing design engineers. Essentially when you look at a compressed file you should see no or little difference in the graphic.