From emperor to citizen: the autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi. by: Puyi, ; Jenner, W. J. F. (William John Francis). Publication date urn:acs6: fromemperortocit00puyi:pdf:3dcea3ca-4b5b-4defdd23aef. From Emperor to citizen: the autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi. by: Puyi, Publication date: Topics: Puyi, External-identifier: urn: acs6:fromemperortocit02puyi:pdfefef8ae2-ad0d-. From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Puyi the Last. Emperor of China. By AISIN-GIORO PUYI (transl. by W. J. F.. JENNER). [Oxford: Oxford University.
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Cover of: From emperor to citizen | Pu Yi. From emperor to the autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi. by Pu Yi People. Puyi (). ([PDF]) From Emperor to Citizen pdf By Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi Puyi or Pu Yi Ëˆ p sipnopsis title From Emperor to Citizen is the autobiography of the. bestthing.info BJLA6X6 Puyi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ronglu was one of the /05/bestthing.info
Instead, I spoke only of the way the Japanese had put pressure on me and forced me to do their will. I maintained that I had not betrayed my country but had been kidnapped; denied all my collaboration with the Japanese; and even claimed that the letter I had written to Jir Minami was a fake.
I covered up my crimes in order to protect myself.
Death and burial Mao Zedong started the Cultural Revolution in , and the youth militia known as the Red Guards saw Puyi, who symbolised Imperial China, as an easy target of attack. Puyi was placed under protection by the local public security bureau and, although his food rations, salary, and various luxuries, including his sofa and desk, were removed, he was not publicly humiliated as was common at the time. But by now, Puyi had aged and began to decline. He died in Peking of complications arising from kidney cancer and heart disease on 17 October at the age of Puyi In accordance with the laws of the People's Republic of China at the time, Puyi's body was cremated.
His ashes were first placed at the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery, alongside those of other party and state dignitaries. This was the burial ground of imperial concubines and eunuchs prior to the establishment of the People's Republic of China.
In , as a part of a commercial arrangement, Puyi's widow transferred his ashes to a new commercial cemetery in return for monetary support. The cemetery is located near the Western Qing Tombs, km 75mi southwest of Peking, where four of the nine Qing emperors preceding him are interred, along with three empresses and 69 princes, princesses and imperial concubines.
The Pedigree of the Qing House flow chart can be found in Puyi's autobiography. He married Tangshixia ; courtesy name Yiying , divorced later. He married Hiro Saga and had two daughters. He had a minor role in the government of Manchukuo. Puqi Chinese: ; WadeGiles: Pu-chih; , died before he turned three years old. Puren Chinese: ; WadeGiles: Pu-jen; b. He married Jin Yuting and had three sons and two daughters. Puyi had seven younger sisters, only the first three were his full sisters: Yunying simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; WadeGiles: Yun-ying; , married Empress Wanrong's older brother Runliang , had no children.
She married Zheng Guangyuan and had a son and three daughters. She married Empress Wanrong's younger brother Runqi and had two sons and a daughter. She married Zhao Qifan and had a son and a daughter. She married Wan Jiaxi and had three sons and a daughter. She married Wanyan Ailan and had a son and four daughters.
She married Qiao Hongzhi and had two sons and a daughter. Wenxiu , married Puyi in , was his Consort Shu. Tan Yuling , married Puyi in , was his Concubine Xiang. Li Yuqin , married Puyi in , was his Concubine Fu.
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Li Shuxian , married Puyi in Quotation of Puyi referring only to his first four wives : In detail.. Puyi saw marriage as his coming of age benchmark, when others would no longer control him. He was given four photographs to choose from. Puyi stated they all looked alike to him, with the exception of different clothing.
He chose Wenxiu. Political factions within the palace made the actual choice as to whom Puyi would marry. The selection process alone took an entire year. She married Puyi in and became his Empress.
She was considered beautiful and came from a wealthy family. By Puyi's own account, he abandoned Wanrong in the bridal chamber and went back to his own room. The couple's relationship was good initially, and Puyi showed preference over Wenxiu for Wanrong and displayed trust in her. However after Wenxiu left in , Puyi blamed Wanrong and stopped speaking to her and ignored her presence.
She became addicted to opium, and eventually died in a prison in Yanji, Jilin after being arrested by Chinese Communist soldiers. Puyi Wenxiu Puyi's first choice for his wife was Wenxiu, from the Erdet clan. She married Puyi in Although she was Puyi's first choice, the Four Dowager Consorts felt that Wenxiu came from an unacceptable impoverished family and was not beautiful enough to be Empress, so they told the court officials to ask Puyi to choose again.
Puyi and Wenxiu divorced in In his autobiography, Puyi stated her reason for the divorce was the emptiness of life with him in exile, her desire for an ordinary family life, and his own inability to see women as anything but slaves and tools of men.
Puyi related that she never re-married, became a primary school teacher, and died in She married Puyi in at the age of 16 on the recommendation of the daughter of Yulang , a beile. She was designated as Puyi's Concubine Xiang. Puyi married her as "punishment" for Wanrong, and, " She became ill in with typhoid, which the Japanese doctor said would not be fatal. Puyi became suspicious of the circumstances when the Japanese immediately offered him photographs of Japanese girls for marriage.
She was designated as Puyi's Concubine Fu. Three weeks later, the school teacher and the principal visited Li Yuqin's home and told her Puyi ordered her to go to the Manchukuo palace to study. She was first taken directly to Yasunori Yoshioka who thoroughly questioned her. Yoshioka then drove her back to her parents and told them Puyi ordered her to study at the palace. Money was promised to the parents. She was subjected to a medical examination and then taken to Puyi's sister Yunhe and instructed in palace protocol.
Two years later when Manchukuo collapsed, Li Yuqin shared a train with Empress Wanrong, who was experiencing opium withdrawal symptoms at the time. They were both arrested by the Soviets and sent to a prison in Changchun. Li Yuqin was released in and sent back home. She worked in a textile factory while she studied the works of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. In she began visiting Puyi in prison. After applying to the Chinese authorities for a divorce, the government responded on her next prison visit by showing her to a room with a double bed and ordered her to reconcile with Puyi, and she said the couple obeyed the order.
She divorced Puyi in May She later married a technician, and had two sons.
During the Cultural Revolution she became a target for attack by the Red Guards because she used to be Puyi's concubine. She died of liver problems in They had no children. She died of lung cancer in Li Shuxian recounted that they dated for six months before the marriage, and she found him to be, " The book was re-released in China in in a new corrected and revised version.
Many sentences which had been deleted from the version prior to its publication were now included.
Aisin-Gioro, Puyi , , Foreign Languages Press. Chinese original Pu Yi, Henry , Skyhorse Publishing. English translation By others Headland, Isaac Taylor Court life in China . Johnston, Reginald Fleming , Twilight in the Forbidden City. Soul Care Publishing.
Chuan guo xin hua shu dian jing xiao.
From Emperor to Citizen : The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro PuYi by Puyi (1987, Hardcover)
Puyi's fifth wife Li Shuxian. Memories of their life together were ghost written by Wang Qingxian. Behr, Edward The Last Emperor. Companion to Bernardo Bertolucci's film of the same name. Tony Leung Ka-fai played Puyi. The Last Emperor, a film directed by Bernardo Bertolucci. John Lone played the adult Puyi.
From Emperor To Citizen: The Autobiography Of Aisin Gioro Pu Yi
Aisin-Gioro Puyi , a Chinese documentary film on the life of Puyi. Produced by CCTV, it was part of a series of ten documentary films about ten historical persons. Child actor Yan Ruihan played Puyi. The five-year-old Puyi is played by child actor Su Hanye.
Although Puyi's time on screen is short, there are significant scenes showing how Puyi the emperor was treated at court before his abdication at the age of six. Adam Cheng played an adult Puyi.
Chen Daoming starred as Puyi. Dayo Wong starred as Puyi. Wang Bozhao played Puyi. Li Yapeng played Puyi. References  Pu Yi. Cultural China. Retrieved 9 August He could not be remonstrated with, or punished. He could only be deferentially advised against ill-treating innocent eunuchs, and if he chose to fire air-gun pellets at them, that was his prerogative.
My cruelty and love of wielding power were already too firmly set for persuasion to have any effect on me. He hated his "mothers", not least because they prevented him from seeing his real mother until he was Next came two Chief Eunuchs advancing crabwise on either side of the path; ten paces behind them came the centre of the procession. If I was being carried in a chair there would be two junior eunuchs walking beside me to attend to my wants at any moment; if I was walking they would be supporting me.
Next came an eunuch with a large silk canopy followed by a large group of eunuchs, some empty-handed, others holding all sorts of things: a seat in case I wanted to rest, changes of clothing, umbrellas and parasols. After these eunuchs of the Imperial Presence came eunuchs of the Imperial tea bureau with boxes of various kinds of cakes and delicacies They were followed by eunuchs of the Imperial dispensary If I was walking, a sedan-chair, open or covered according to the season, would bring up the rear.
This motley procession of several dozen people would proceed in perfect silence and order. I couldn't believe it when I saw this boy in yellow robes sitting solemnly on the throne".
They waited on me when I ate, dressed and slept; they accompanied me on my walks and to my lessons; they told me stories; and had rewards and beatings from me, but they never left my presence. They were my slaves; and they were my earliest teachers. They also served as the emperor's advisers. He described "an orgy of looting" taking place that involved "everyone from the highest to the lowest".
According to Puyi, by the end of his wedding ceremony, the pearls and jade in the empress's crown had been stolen. Puyi suspected it was arson to cover theft.
The emperor overheard conversations among the eunuchs that made him fear for his life. In response, he evicted the eunuchs from the palace. His next plan of action was to reform the Household Department. In this period, he brought in more outsiders to replace the traditional aristocratic officers to improve accountability.
The reform efforts did not last long before Puyi was forced out of the Forbidden City by Feng Yuxiang. I was sitting to the right of the Dowager and wondering why the two adults were crying. There was nobody in the room besides us three and it was very quiet; the fat man was sniffing while he talked and I could not understand what he was saying This was the occasion Yuan directly brought up the question of abdication.
This was similar to Italy's Law of Guarantees which accorded the Pope certain honors and privileges similar to those enjoyed by the King of Italy.
A hefty annual subsidy of four million silver taels was granted by the Republic to the imperial household, although it was never fully paid and was abolished after just a few years. Puyi himself was not informed in February that his reign had ended and China was now a republic and continued to believe that he was still Emperor for some time. After the abdication of the Great Qing Emperor, he will receive from the Republic of China an annual subsidy of 4,, silver taels. After the abdication of the Great Qing Emperor, he may, as a temporary measure, continue to reside in the Palace in the Forbidden City , but afterwards he will remove himself to the Summer Palace.
He may retain his bodyguard. After the abdication of the Great Qing Emperor, the temples and mausoleums of the imperial family with their appropriate sacrificial rites shall be maintained in perpetuity.
The Republic of China will be responsible for the provision of military guards for their adequate protection. The last ceremonies of sepulture will also be observed in accordance with the ancient rites. The actual expenses will all be borne by the Republic of China. The services of all the persons of various grades hitherto employed in the Palace may be retained; but in future no eunuchs are to be added to the staff.
After the abdication of the Great Qing Emperor, his private property will be safeguarded and protected by the Republic of China.His ashes were first placed at the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery, alongside those of other party and state dignitaries. After applying to the Chinese authorities for a divorce, the government responded on her next prison visit by showing her to a room with a double bed and ordered her to reconcile with Puyi, and she said the couple obeyed the order.
Ruled until the end of World War II in when Soviets captured him and turned him over to the Chinese Communists, who pardoned him in Bookplateleaf. Zhang kowtowed to Puyi at their meeting and promised to restore the House of Qing if Puyi made a large financial donation to his army.
This autobiography is the culmination of a unique and remarkable life, told simply, directly and frankly by a man whose circumstances and experiences were like no other. The Republic of China will be responsible for the provision of military guards for their adequate protection. Puyi related that she never re-married, became a primary school teacher, and died in In June , Zhang captured Beijing and Behr observed that if Puyi had had more courage and returned to Beijing, he might have been restored to the Dragon Throne.
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