Bonsai Art Growing Keeping Miniature Trees - [Free] Bonsai Art Growing Trees [PDF] [EPUB] Penjing, also known as penzai, is the ancient. Bonsai. • Bonsai is an art, which expresses in miniature the beauty of natural tree forms. The word 'Bonsai' is comprised of two words 'Bon' means a tray. Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of age, color, disability, gender, gender identity, gender expression.
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5 days ago The Art Of Growing Miniature [PDF] [EPUB] Bonsai (Japanese:??, lit. an Asian art form using cultivation techniques to produce small trees in. The very term itself (Bonsai) reflects not only the form of art, but the objective as well. This is why it is called as such. The entire meaning of Bonsai art is the. Summary. More and more people have become very interested in bonsai, a unique art of gardening that orig- inated in China. However, most people know.
Instead it is up to the grower to be enlightened on the various tools available so that they have the knowledge to make a choice in which tools to use.
Basic tools should be the starting point and as the growth proceeds the skills enhance, and experience grows, the cultivator will then broaden their spectrum of tools. The very basic beginning materials will involve the actually tree itself, a pot made of clay, and a soil that is of a specific type. Once the grower has acquired these, other important tools in creating of the Bonsai include: Bonsai Tree Care As previously stated, the Bonsai needs to be considered as a tree versus a plant which must be kept in mind during the growth process.
If this point is thoroughly understood, that process of growing one becomes much easier. Other points and considerations will also need to be understood as well.
Another one of these points includes that although the Bonsai tree is miniature, it will take a lot more caring than just any other regular tree found in the outdoors. Consider how fragile the Bonsai is being that it is light in weight, small in size, and shorter in length.
The roots are just as small measuring around 25 cm in length. Compared to other trees that can measure meters in length, the Bonsai roots are significantly smaller. Since the Bonsai is significantly different in size, every aspect becomes more difficult because of their biology. For example, how they mature, how they gain nutrients, how the grower will resist against pests, and so on. While tending to the tree, their health is something that is long term, and therefore a bit more difficult of a task versus nurturing other trees.
This is why techniques are used in providing special care to the Bonsai. The watering process will need to be done both regularly and in intervals.
While each Bonsai will have requirements that are specific, this is very important. The repotting process must also be completed regularly, and in intervals. Just how often will depend on how old the tree is and its resistance. While many Bonsai species will require the same type of soil, there are some that will need a specific type of soil. As a grower, this must be observed and brought to light beforehand. Surviving the Indoors: Depending on the Bonsai species the tree may or may not be able to survive in the indoors.
Again, this is important for the grower to consider. The Aesthetics of Bonsai The spirit of the Bonsai greatly involves aesthetics.
While most of its meaning comes from the culture of the Japanese, in part the Zen of Buddhism also played a magnificent role in influence as well. The philosophy of Zen is seen in the tasks required in Bonsai art. Within the philosophy of Zen there are two highly important points that have impacted growers of Bonsai which include Wabo Sabi and the idea of Mono mo Aware in which is a concept of the Japanese. Using a sense of awareness for things that are both fragile and not permanent describes the philosophy of Mono no Aware.
Accepting a beauty that is both of no perfection, not complete, as well as imperfect, is the philosophy of Wabi Sabi. In combination of the two, the value of aesthetics is both temporary and far away from perfect, yet beautiful for those same reasons.
These philosophies are what the growers of Bonsai try to express in their art. Overtime, this has since transformed into various guidelines and rules, which even when followed closely, still creates a different design of Bonsai every time. With guidelines, the Bonsai may not reach its maximum potential as well.
Miniature Size: The Bonsai will need to be small in size so that is fits in the appropriate container or pot. The Bonsai should be proportional to a regular tree. In nature, the trees are not perfectly symmetric, therefore either should the Bonsai be. Intervention Signs: The grower will want to be sure they do not leave any sort of scaring showing signs that the Bonsai has received treatments.
A Bonsai should show feelings of poignancy. It should be moving with its beauty and reminiscence. Displaying of Bonsai and its Importance In display of the Bonsai, this part will be just as crucial to the grower as any other part of the creation process.
This is due to the fact that while creating the display, they get to illustrate the aesthetics as previously mentioned. It will need to be pleasing to both the creator and his audience.
Just as a director displays his art by using different angle strategies, or as an painter exhibit his art as an entirety, so does the grower of a Bonsai. With this point there are guidelines to follow as well as principles. These can be just as challenging as the actual growth process.
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Firstly, every single Bonsai contains a side that should be placed at the front. Next, there is a certain height that should be considered as the Bonsai is displayed. Balance will be crucial because if not placed correctly, the effect is simply lost.
The Bonsai can be displaying outdoors as well as in, but in the outdoors the grower must take precautions. Sunlight, water, and wind can cause damage which is why it must be avoided. As for the physical display, wood, stone, or something simple will be ideal.
The background and distances will also need to be taken into consideration as well. Many experts all agree that the display of the Bonsai should be such as an artwork piece would. Things such as the display lights, cleanliness, and an overall undistracted environment will be ideal for the Bonsai. The grower should also deplete anything that will take away from the art such as accessories or unnecessary parts. Popular Styles and Specimen Although the discipline may be generalized there are all sorts of various styles of how the Bonsai can be shaped by the grower.
The more popular types are as follows: This style is formal upright and has a straight trunk. This type of style involves the Bonsai trunk being straight, but it comes from the soil angles. Cascade or Semi-Cascade: These two styles are considered most beautiful and represent trees that cascade over the mountain sides. Specifically, the top will bend falling below the pots base. This style consists of a slanted, twisted truck Literati: The branches on this style are minimal.
This is several trees grouped together which resemble a miniature forest. The other styles, although less common, include Driftwood, Weeping, Split-Trunk, and Windswept styles.
Conclusion For those who believe they would enjoy the Bonsai art, they will now have a good idea of the demanding discipline, the time involved, the effort that goes into the Bonsai, and how much care is required.
Although hard work, the award you receive at the end is well worth it. Since the Bonsai art form steps far beyond just hard efforts and time, it can be compared to mediation: In almost all cases it can alter, form, and assist the artist into great achievements, just as the growing of a Bonsai can reach maximum potential, so does the artist. Related Papers. Bonsai fruit tree Preparation by. By Abdulla hama. Symbol of Culture, Ideals, Money and Beauty.
By Padmanabh Dwivedi. By Edward Hanna. Bonsai Tools. By Faizmie Al-Haniff. Ulmus parvifolia 'Drake.
The Ancient Art of Bonsai - Growit Gold Garden & Landscape
By Edward Gilman. Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account? Click here to sign up. Help Center Find new research papers in: Bonsai is an art form that celebrates the connection of the tree with the human heart. As the haiku above written by Libby Tisdell implies, the bonsai artist works with the tree to bring out its essence.
Doing so can be a form of meditation, as the plant and bonsai artist come together to grow a new story—a connecting story that weaves together that of the tree and that of the artist. Not all bonsai artists necessarily experience bonsai as meditation, but most would agree that there are times when one feels that the connection of the tree with one's own heart is like an encounter with the Great Essence.
It is at these times that bonsai is a meditation, and one can also cultivate a practice of bonsai as meditation. Teaching people about plants and their connection with humans, and how to cultivate bonsai as meditation is also a form of adult education. Hence in this chapter we discuss our experience of teaching and learning bonsai, and cultivating bonsai as meditation.
One of us Jim Doyle has been a practicing bonsai artist for 45 years and has been teaching bonsai for over 35 of those years.
In what follows we begin by describing bonsai in the context of the larger discussion of education on the plant—human exchange, and then bonsai education in particular.
Next we provide a framework for experiencing bonsai as meditation. Finally, we offer some closing reflections on practice. Such studies support what our ancestors have known for centuries and can be summed up as this: spending time with nature and with plants is good for you! Those who practice the art of bonsai already know this. They are naturally drawn to trees, and often find a healing in their essence.
His sister gave him a bonsai tree, and he said that he could do little else the following 2 years of his recovery besides taking care of that tree, which helped in his own healing.
Before discussing bonsai as meditation, we first explain what bonsai is, and then what bonsai as adult education might entail. What Is Bonsai? However, as an art form it is much more.
Every tree has a story. As suggested above, the ultimate challenge for the bonsai artist is to expose and celebrate the essence of the tree, and help tell that story through deliberate interaction with it. In so doing, the bonsai artist looks at a tree and recognizes a quality that can be enhanced by deliberate interventions over many years that include pruning, wiring, and nurturing the growth of the tree.
At each interaction with the tree, the artist must look at it and feel its potential for representing the design elements that will tell the intended story. At all times the designer keeps this ideal in mind while working with the tree to fashion its growth and development, while considering its horticultural needs and challenges. Ideally in doing so, the artist cultivates a relationship with the tree, and a sense of love and patience over many years, as the tree's story continually unfolds.
The Norway Spruce Picea abies pictured below provides an example from one of us Jim Doyle of cultivating a relationship with a tree. On the left is a picture of the original tree which was planted as a seedling in the s by Jim's grandfather on their family's organic farm in Upstate New York. On a visit back to the farm in the s, Jim gathered several seedlings, which were the progeny of his grandfather's original tree. This is not to suggest that at every moment of engagement Jim was necessarily engaging in bonsai as meditation, though he has on occasion used this particular tree as a focus of meditation, learning lessons from it.
But he was indeed cultivating a sense of relationship with the tree, which sows the potential of bonsai as meditation. We will discuss this further below, but first consider the role of education of people interested in learning the art of bonsai.
The Art of Bonsai as Adult Education For one to engage in bonsai as meditation as a bonsai artist, one would need to learn something about the art itself. Some learn this on their own, but most do so by taking classes, attending workshops, or apprenticing with an experienced bonsai artist. The other two of the coauthors have participated in such workshops, and have coled small aspects of them. Most often learners are adults, but sometimes they are children as well.
While there would be many ways of teaching the art of bonsai, there are particular ways to teach that might result in the eventual experience of engaging bonsai as meditation. The art of bonsai involves cultivating a relationship with a tree and learning techniques of the art form itself. By drawing on this love of trees, and encouraging connection and engagement with the essence of the tree, it is more likely that some might eventually experience bonsai as something that approaches meditation Dotschkal, In a recent discussion of engaging everyday landscapes for transformative learning, Klein encourages learners to walk in nature and first to behold what they see, second to immerse themselves in the experience, and third to reflect on what they are learning and its connection to their own lives.
One could easily incorporate some of what Klein discusses in conducting a bonsai workshop that might eventually lead a learner to the experience of bonsai as meditation, or even of transformative learning. The story itself is an example of the cultivation of relationship. He then invites learners to also briefly share their own experience of a tree.
Participants then pick out a tree that they work on throughout the day. In the process, Jim demonstrates the techniques of exploring the roots, viewing the movement of the tree, and asks each learner what they might like to emphasize that is an important part of its essence.
He teaches techniques of pruning and wiring that will help them develop their idea, and then gives learners individual help and attention. At the end of the day at such workshops, learners share their work, and sometimes are asked to share one lesson they learned from the tree, and discuss its ongoing care.
Shifting Into the Art of Bonsai as Meditation: A Framework Such a beginning workshop paves the way for people to engage in the art of bonsai that may eventually become meditation. This shift is usually unconscious for the experienced bonsai artist. Accordingly, by enlivening and awakening dormant faculties of inner Being the practice of shaping a bonsai is, for many, an enjoyable activity that changes the focus of attention from head to heart.
Most artists who have been doing this for a long time, often shift into this place unconsciously while engaging in a state of flow. Few probably consciously think about bonsai as meditation, yet we believe that it is still possible to encourage people to engage in it as such.
Hence here we offer one such conceptualization, which developed partly by having the experience of meditating together often as coauthors, including on the Norway Spruce bonsai tree pictured above, asking each other questions and reflecting on our meditation experiences with and without bonsai, and working together as occasional workshop coleaders on the subject. A Bonsai as Meditation Framework Understanding the art of bonsai as meditation could be conceived through the framework of engaging the four elements of air, fire, water, and air discussed in western and traditional philosophy.
Such a framework focusing on these four elements is ancient, but more recently philosophers and environmental scientists have used these to understand and discuss environmental issues Conway, ; MaCauley, Similarly, the bonsai tree is a combination of the earth, air, fire, water, and spirit of the place from where it came in interaction with all those elements in the artist as well.
It is the interaction among these elements in both the tree and the artist that celebrates the plant—human exchange, and the magic and beauty of bonsai. Many people meditate to facilitate their adult development or enhance their spiritual growth. Bair and Bair , , in discussions of meditation, also use these elements to describe the manifestation of spiritual growth where Spirit refers to our inner Being or animating energy that gives us life. It begins as a ray of consciousness which then activates the differentiating qualities of air, fire, water, and earth in the process of manifestation and creation.
Essentially, from this perspective, we suggest the bonsai artist perhaps draws on dimensions of these elements to shape the tree, and the final form of the tree could be seen as a representation or a quality and dimension representing one or more of these elements. We propose that the following would be a way of understanding these dimensional energies as applied to the art of bonsai.
The air element is represented by the recognition of the essence of the tree in the mind and heart of the designer, who may recognize the tree's potential as a bonsai out in nature, as Jim did in the above example of the Norway Spruce seedling from his grandfather's farm.
Or the designer may begin with a bushy plant and seek out the latent potential within its current form.As a grower, this must be observed and brought to light beforehand. Water: The watering process will need to be done both regularly and in intervals.
[PDF] The Bonsai Handbook Full Colection
If you study very carefully the way trees grow in nature, it is possible to design a realistic looking bonsai without knowing the names of styles, etc. The Bonsai will need to be small in size so that is fits in the appropriate container or pot.
Since this characteristic is so distinct, the seriousness and pride of a Bonsai grower is like no other.
These can be just as challenging as the actual growth process. Next, there is a certain height that should be considered as the Bonsai is displayed. Popular Styles and Specimen Although the discipline may be generalized there are all sorts of various styles of how the Bonsai can be shaped by the grower.
Just as a director displays his art by using different angle strategies, or as an painter exhibit his art as an entirety, so does the grower of a Bonsai.
Bonsai Pruning: This is a technique that will help in caring for every element of the tree.
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